An eating disorder is a chronic clinical mental disorder that disrupts the psychological and social development of young people. Throughout the research, it has been proven that face-to-face therapy is a better treatment than group treatments. Family-based treatment is a very effective treatment for teenagers who have anorexia. For family-based treatments, it has been proven that the parents should watch what their children are eating instead of having more multi-family settings. Another approach that has been studied is cognitive-behavioral therapy(CBT).
Even though CBT is a good treatment for teenagers, family-based treatment is more efficient. Cognitive-behavioral therapy does not work exceedingly for a long-term situation.
The article “Recent Advances in psychological therapies for eating disorders” stated that a therapy treatment was found and is called specialist supportive clinical management(SSCM). It has been found that at the beginning of the study, that SSCM was having better outcomes but it had to be long-term for it to work. another treatment is MANTRA which is the Maudsley Model of Anorexia Nervosa Treatment for Adults, this treatment has been compared to CBT but has been found that it is less effective than CBT-E.
Unfortunately, the treatment for adults with anorexia nervosa is still weak. disordered eating and body image concerns increase the risk for severe weight-related problems. Disordered eating can lead to depression, social functioning, and poorer quality of life. Mobile phone applications can also play an important part in mental health services in teenagers since many adolescents use the internet regularly. There is evidence that shows that mental health interventions have a positive effect on adolescents.
it has been studied that online interventions have improved ED-related attitudes. there has been a study called Healthy Teens @ School which is a preventative program for eating disorders and obesity in Europe, this originated in the US from a program called “StayingFit. the program is for students that are 14-19 years old. this study is taken place in Austria and Spain. there is an intervention group and a control group. This study is to compare if internet-based/mobile-based will affect reducing eating behavior. the students that attend the schools that are part of this program all have a survey. the students will learn how to have balanced eating and exercise habits.
Another intervention is the Mind-district platform, each participant has unique access to the platform. the participant can communicate with the research team if they have any questions, they can also communicate anonymously. in this platform, there is something called a diary function which allows the participant to keep track of their food consumption and physical activities. the StayingFit wanted to increase fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity and the goal is to develop healthy habits related to nutrition. in Healthy Teens @ School, the students can access it at any time but should have at least half an hour completed in school. there were some good things about this program but also some challenges. some good thing is that Healthy Habits have been proven to reduce disordered eating behaviors. Weight Management has also been proven to support weight loss. A challenge was that this program was only taken place in Austria and Spain