Pages 3 (591 words)
Which statement best describes the position of the Pharisees in Palestine during the first century C.E.?
The Pharisees believed in life after death and a system of individual rewards and punishments.
Most of what we know about Jesus was written down:
between c. 70 and 100 C.E.
Jesus is the central figure in Christianity, but Paul was important:
as founder of the universal church, giving it theology and organization.
By the end of the third century, the involvement of women in the Church had:
Shrunk to the point that they were completely excluded from all positions of power.
One result of the Council of Nicea was to
declare Arianism a heresy.
What made Jesus most controversial among the Jews was:
the claim of his followers that he was the Messiah.
During the third century, Rome underwent a prolonged period that came very close to destroying the empire. This period is known as the time of:
the Barracks Emperors, when Rome had twenty-six emperors in about fifty years.
Realizing that the Roman Empire had become too large for a single ruler to control it:
Diocletian divided the empire in half, trusting a junior colleague to rule the western part.
When the emperor died in 192 with no heir apparent, civil war once again engulfed the Roman Empire with _________ eventually claiming the throne.
Severus disregarded what remained of the Roman Senate and its few remaining powers and ruled through the army while reforming it by:
allowing Roman soldiers to marry, which allowed them to put down roots where they lived.
Christianity went from being a persecuted faith in the early fourth century to being the recognized faith of the empire; this last step was the result of the action by the emperor:
Theodosius, who prohibited pagan worship.
When it came to pagan literature:
Jerome argued that it could and should be studied if it were first adapted to the Christian message.
Ambrose helped establish the authority of the Church by
forcing Theodosius to seek forgiveness from Ambrose for his sins
Augustine’s Confessions is:
a series of autobiographical essays directed toward God.
The monastic way of life in the West was influenced greatly by the establishment of a set of rules written by:
Romans regarded the Germans as barbarians because
German society was illiterate, and Germans did not live in cities
The strategic defense of the Roman Empire changed significantly when
the Goths were permitted to cross the Danube River and settle in Roman territory.
Rome was threatened in the mid-fifth century by the Huns under their leader
The leader of the Goths who received support from the Eastern Emperor to drive the Huns from Italy and establish a Gothic kingdom was
The economic effects of the migrations of the fifth century on the northwestern provinces
saw long-distance trade and skilled workers displaced from their occupations.
Plotinus and Neoplatonism, like Christianity, believed in a soul that could be liberated from earthly bondage and prepared for reunification with God by
Unlike the common practices of many previous civilizations
early Christian monks practiced extreme forms of self-abasement
Unlike Cicero, Ambrose argued that the motive and goal of human conduct should be
reverence for God.
Boethius’s interest in logic while remaining thoroughly Christian
Boethius’s interest in logic while remaining thoroughly Christian established a link between classical Greek thought and intellectual Christianity.
Historians now refer to the period from 284 to 610 C.E. as Late Antiquity because
it is a period with its own themes and developments, neither wholly Roman and not yet medieval.