People normally feel depressed, grieve or dishearten after a tragic event. Such as losing a loved one, an end of a relationship, or even a loss of a job If these feelings progress they may be declared a depressive disorder, A Depressive disorder can happen to anyone from a regular businessman to a famous athlete, These disorders can be repressed in some people. On the other hand, people with depressive disorders can be so deeply sad and discouraged that they often lose interest in the things they use to enjoy, lack self-confidence, have a bad conscience or feeling
of guilt, have trouble sleeping, likely to gain or lose a significant amount of weight, they may feel so fatigued that they cannot go to work or school or even comb their hair and brush their teeth.
People that have a depressive disorder may sleep constantly, have problems concentrating, or even consider suicide. Seriously depressed people have a hard time recognizing their problems.
Depression can be uni- or b- polar. Unipolar Depression is when the depressive state ends, People with bipolar disorders lean towards the opposite side, known as mania. When 8 person reaches a manic state, they are very excited, extremely active, and easily distracted He or she can display unrealistic high self-esteem, a feeling of high importance, and often have poor judgment such as giving away valuable possessions or going on wild spending sprees. The individual that is often hyperactive may not sleep for days at a time and not feel fatigued.
These people have very fast thinking which leads to the other person having a conversation with them only able to get a few words in. A manic state can last a few days, or a few months, it generally ends abruptly. The depressive episode usually lasts three times as long. The chances of having bipolar disorder are very low ranging from 0, Sand 1.6% (Hammen & Keenan-Miller,2013) but this disorder can be one of the most lethal disorder, People with bipolar disorder has a suicide rate of ten to twenty percent of suffers. Suicide is also a serious risk for anyone suffering from any other mental health issues, particularly depressive disorders,
Bipolar and Depressive disorders have biological factors that look important in both. For instance, bth disorders can be treated with antidepressants, which affect the amount of dopamine and serotonin in the brain. Recent studies suggest that structural changes in the brain contribute to these disorders. Unfortunately, NF players are at greater risk of developing depression as they age, possibly due to brain damage, One recent study on former NFL. players revealed that 41% show cognitive problems and 24% show clinical depression, which may result
from neurological changes caused by concussions (Harter al, 2013). Their brain scans also reveal changes in blood flow within the brain and changes in various parts of the brain. These changes can lead to serious depression or the risk of suicide. Other research points to imbalances of the neurotransmitters serotonin, and dopamine as possible causes of mood disorders.
Drugs alter the activity of these neurotransmitters and also decrease the symptoms of depression and are therefore called
antidepressants (Chuang, 1998), Interestingly, researchers in one study found that people who regularly ate fast food and commercially produced baked goods were 51% more likely to develop depression later. This may be a result of the chemicals in such foods leading to physiological changes in the brain and body (Sanchez-Villegas et al., 2011). Some biological research that both depressive and bipolar disorders may be inherited.