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Power is Everywhere – Michael Foucault

  Michael Foucault (1926 – 1984) is widely held to be one of the most influential philosophers of the second half of the twentieth century. He achieved this status by offering an alternative ‘currency’ to the existing liberal and Marxist theories as well as the linguists-based structuralism of some of his contemporaries. His currency was Read More

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all-roads-lead-to-rome
What is meant by the term New Right

The term New Right is used to refer to the ‘pro-market, anti -state ideological perspective’ which came to be associated with the Conservative government in the 1970’s – 1980’s’. (Alcock, 1996:126) The New Right started to emerged during the 1970’s in light of the economic crisis of 1973, and as a reaction to the rapid Read More

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How are Changes in Knowledge Connected to Social Change

To fully explore the links between changes in knowledge and social change, it is necessary to consider what knowledge is and how it is produced. Knowledge can generally mean ideas, theories and ways of thinking, however there are different types of knowledge, specialist knowledge which covers a diverse range of subject areas such as medical Read More

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The defining activities and principles of ethnographic research

The term ‘ethnography’ relates to a specific method upon which a researcher goes through to understand a certain situation. These methods involve the ethnographer becoming interrelated either ‘covertly’ (whereby the researcher does not let the participants know who they are; either they hide their identity or they observe from a far) or ‘overtly’ (whereby researchers Read More

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In What Ways Can Occupation and employment affect identity

Having an identity helps individuals to distinguish their place, relative to others, within social structures and, in providing a personal reference point, can give a sense of security. Identities can be both individual and group based. In this respect, the identification with self is expressed as “me” and with others as “us”. Belonging to a Read More

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The process of addiction, as well as the reasons why certain individuals, unlike others, finish up victims of a severe drug dependency

Peele, Brodsky, and Arnold (1991:133) cited in Dowieko (1993:11) maintain that ‘[addiction] is not an all-or-nothing thing, but a continuum from moderate excess to severe compulsion’. With this citation in mind, I will attempt to discuss both the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of addiction, focusing on the main models that sought to explain the process of Read More

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What is attribution theory

In the late 1950s a psychologist called Fritz Heider developed the concept of attribution theory, based on how people explain the actions of an individual to a scenario/incident or another person. Over the 1960s and 1970s a school of thought developed in social psychology that has become known as attribution theory. Over the years of Read More

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The United States of America’s birth occurred rather recently

The United States of America’s birth occurred rather recently. Yet, this juvenile nation currently ranks as one of the world’s greatest industrial powerhouses. This success derived from the early integration of capitalism into the American culture. In young America, ideas, inventions, and techniques warred on the battle fields of laissez-faire capitalism, allowing the most adaptive Read More