Human trafficking is a tragedy, which affects millions of men, women, and children. It has many diverse causes including poverty and lack of awareness and often inflicts physical and emotional pain. The problem could be dealt with through stronger regulations and cooperation between governments, nongovernmental organizations, businesses and private citizens, Slavery still exists today in the form of human trafficking, and it is likely more people are being trafficked today than at any other point in history. Human trafficking occurs domestically and internationally and victims may be trafficked to participate in the sex industry, agriculture, manufacturing, or domestic service but I intend to focus this presentation mainly focus on sex trafficking in the United States.
In recent years, human trafficking has increased due to globalization, expanding into the third largest criminal enterprise in the world. Estimates place the number of trafficked people internationally at about 27 million, with eighty percent trafficked for sexual exploitation and according to the United States government, 600,000 to 800,000 people were enslaved domestically in 2006.
Human Trafficking exists for many reasons including lack of awareness and poverty. Globally there exists a high demand for cheap labor and commercial sex which traffickers take advantage of to make money. Trafficking poses little risk for traffickers because of little public awareness. Private Citizens and businesses often encounter traffickers and their victims but because they do not recognize the signs of the problems, they fail to report the activity to authorities. Lack of awareness also makes people more susceptible to becoming victims, as they do not recognize situations, which could lead them to become victims Poverty can also cause people to be more susceptible to trafficking because poorer people have less education and resources and are desperate to make money to meet their basic needs.
Traffickers include anyone who recruits, transports, harbors, obtains, or exploits another person.
They can be acquaintances of or strangers to the victims and may be of any race, gender, or ethnicity. They use force, drugs, emotional tactics and financial methods to control victims. Victims, like traffickers, may also be of any race, gender, ethnicity or age although most victims of human sex trafficking are girls and women Girls often become victims during their early teens. Victims in the United States may be native to the US but most victims in the United States come from overseas, taken from less developed areas such as South-East Asia. Many come from poorer areas where they lack job opportunities and hope for a better life. They are often become victims because of abduction, parent pressure, or deceptive agreements involving false job or marriage offers, Trafficker use debt bondage to control their victims; they promise a job in some faraway place and then loan the victim money to pay traveling expenses.
Once the victim arrives at her destination, no job materializes and she has to work, often in forced prostitution, for the trafficker to repay the debt. Victims of human trafficking receive horrendous treatment which following story of illustrates. In September 1994 when she was twenty-two years old, Xie Mei Chen of Fuijon Province in China discussed the job offer of a housekeeper in the United States with a man. He abducted her at knifepoint and took her to brothel in New York where she was beaten and forced to become a prostitute. Xie was then taken to California and locked in a brothel. Men raped her, Stopping human trafficking also requires help from businesses. Businesses sometimes facilitate human trafficking by unknowingly advertizing, or providing transportation for traffickers If businesses know about human trafficking, they may be receptive to helping stop the problem. In addition, many products may be made by force labor. By looking at where and how the products they provide are manufactured, businesses can stop human trafficking by refusing to provide goods and services created by force labor.
Finally, citizens also need to act to stop human trafficking by educating themselves, They need to recognize that many products which they commonly use may be made by forced labor and so should question where their products were made and change their purchase choicest People also need to be aware of venues for sex trafficking which include street prostitution, online escorts, and brothels disguised as massage parlors. Citizens should also educate themselves about human trafficking so they will recognize signs of trafficking and get involved with organizations, which try to prevent and mitigate human trafficking such World Vision. Slavery is still alive today in the form of human trafficking It is a large issue but its diverse causes can be address with partnerships between governmental institutions, charities, the business sector, and private citizens Cooperation can repair the lives devastated by human trafficking.