Zeks, It’s Cold Outside Solzhenitsyn pens a thorough depiction of time spent in a gulag in his One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich. Rendering images of the gulag, he tediously illustrates minute detail in an average day for Ivan Shukhov. Having served his own time in a gulag, Solzhenitsyn asserts autobiographical sentiment through use of his narrator with dark themes of work, cold, and faith. To appreciate the full scope of his writing, one must look to the historical context in which Solzhenitsyn wrote and mind the themes that stand both uniquely Russian and not.
Like all literature, this novel resides in a specific niche of history. Though gulags operated much longer before publishing, gulags remained in existence in areas of Russian territories for years to come.
Documentation of gulags report cases of violence, specifically of young people and women. Though Solzhenitsyn splashes instances of violence in this particular gulag such as being afraid of getting “beat” (Solzhenitsyn 123) for being alone, he does not center his thought around such nor show women or children in the gulag.
He also reveals the political climate of the time by showing how men were unfairly arrested for being spies (Solzhenitsyn 129). Despite the effort to spread his experience to the world, I do not believe Solzhenitsyn focused on an all-inclusive historical view, but instead a biased depiction of the life specific to himself. Furthermore, Solzhenitsyn filtered his ideas through a few themes throughout his novel. The most outstanding theme is the quest for heat.
The men start and end their day in the cold, preoccupying themselves throughout searching for ways to prevent it such as hiding “firewood” (Solzhenitsyn 140) in their coats for the long night as a sort of hope.
Another theme of the camp is when men came in to the camp with experience, they were out casted such as Buinovsky being a former captain. Instead, it founded a meritocratic system bringing forth hard work and leaders such as the squad leaders. These men needed to depend on each other and did so through the systems they created. Much of Russian literature follows similar thematic pathways and Solzhenitsyn goes in suit. Outside of the previously mentioned themes of structure of societal groups specific to Russian writings, there is a distinct hint of religion as a hope. Like Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, Solzhenitsyn explores ideas of faith in his writing and how that interacts with the lives of his characters. Alyosha, described as “the Baptist” is the devoutly religious individual in the gulag whom Shukhov deems happy and smart perhaps revealing Solzhenitsyn’s attitude towards such individuals.
Later, Shukhov himself mentions being from a religious village where people make theories about God such as him crumbling the “moon into stars” (Solzhenitsyn 125). Using his involved narration like other Russian authors, Solzhenitsyn presents a complementary religious commentary of hope in the gulag. In summation, Solzhenitsyn’s One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich prevails as the literary portrait of the gulags. Withstanding his own biases, Solzhenitsyn takes part in the work through the emotionally involved narration. Documenting the reality of a gulag, Solzhenitsyn obeys the themes of heat, work and faith with varying degrees of existing as a Russian trope. Works Cited Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr. One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich. 1962. PDF file.