The Gangs And Drugs

The drug and gang issue have been closely linked, and many gang affiliates are tangled with the use or sale of illegal drugs The concerns of gangs and drugs are both tremendously significant to today’s law enforcement. Law enforcement today, have come up with different approaches to lessen the gang and drug problem. This research paper will look at the history of gangs and drugs and the policing methods of gangs and drugs.

The History of Gangs & Characteristics

Gangs have been in the United States for a long time.

In an article by Edward Flores, The History of Street Gangs in the United States: Their Origins and Transformations (2016) he introduces a “Historical Model of Street Gang Emergence and Transformation.” In the first phase of the model he talks about how gangs emerged from three conditions that is related to large-scale international migration: concentrated poverty, residential instability, and co-ethnic segregation. In the second phase, it is portrayed by weakened social control, family, and neighborhood.

In phase three of the model it is named by youth gangs and subculture. In the book chapter, Gangs and Drugs: Threats to Our National Security by Hess et al. (2015), it talks about the most discernable qualities of gangs. Those attributes incorporate criminal action, leadership, organization, location identification, utilization of images, and a name.

Research demonstrates that most gang individuals as of now were carrying out violations before they joined a gang, however their misconduct rates increment significantly subsequent to joining a gang. Albeit numerous gangs are approximately organized, some are formally sorted out.

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One basic authoritative component is age, with numerous gangs ordinarily having two to four age divisions. In some gang’s initiative is greatly characterized and might be one of three sorts: collective, key personally, and chain of command. Normally, gangs stake out a geographic region, or turf, as their area. Gangs symbols are normal. Apparel, hand signs, spray painting, and tattoos are altogether utilized emblematic portrayals of a person’s association with an explicit gang. Gang names shift from creative to clear. They ordinarily allude to areas, creatures, eminence, disobedience, pioneers, or a blend of these components.

The History of Drug Use & Different Drugs

In the book chapter, Gangs and Drugs: Threats to Our National Security by Hess et al. (2015), it talks about American history’s utilization of drugs. As the early pioneers moved west, one of the principal structures in every town was a saloon. In the 1880s, cocaine use was very common. Toward the start of the twentieth century, cocaine was the drug to use, said to fix everything from acid reflux to toothaches. It was added to flavor a soda pop, for example, Coca-Cola. A presidential commission answered to President Theodore Roosevelt that cocaine was a risk, prompting loss of occupations and lives in 1909. As general society turned out to be progressively mindful of the dangers presented by cocaine and different drugs, it squeezed for enactment against utilization of such drugs. In 1937 under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, cannabis turned into the last drug to be prohibited.

The use of drugs was not an issue for 25 years. The United States turned into the most drug swarmed country on the planet, with marijuana driving the way. Today, vast or little, urban or rustic, communities all through America go up against a significant number of similar dangers, with one of the greatest dangers being unlawful drug misuse. The five noteworthy drugs as of now are cocaine, heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and MDMA (Ecstasy). Cocaine is a focal sensory system stimulant opiate from the South American coca shrub. Cocaine might be breathed in or injected.

Heroin is a focal sensory system depressant that alleviates pain and initiates rest. Most heroin begins from opium poppy farms in southwest Asia, southeast Asia, and Latin America. Moreover, marijuana is very likely the most socially acknowledged unlawful drug, legislation decreasing punishments for its utilization has every now and again been proposed. Methamphetamine, or ‘meth,’ is otherwise called speed, ice, and crystal, and, similar to, cocaine is a powerful focal sensory system stimulant. Meth represents a noteworthy issue for law enforcement. MDMA or Ecstasy is a manufactured, psychoactive drug with both stimulant and stimulating properties that make sentiments of passionate closeness to other people and separate any personal correspondence boundaries that may exist.

Policing Gangs & Drugs

Truly, the police reaction to gangs and gang-related issues has been to dole out duty regarding control to existing units, for example, juvenile bureaus, community relations, crime prevention, patrol, and investigations. In the article, Police Response to Gangs: A Multi-Site Study by Charles M. Katz and Vincent J. Webb (2003), discusses the formation of police gang units and how it has been one part in the national reaction to the gang issue. To comprehend the police reaction to the gang issue, one should initially comprehend the improvements that have formed and defended the move toward suppression-oriented techniques. To begin with, policymakers never again trust that the social intervention methods of the 1970s are effective in managing gang issues. Social intervention took numerous structures, all dependent on the suspicion that gang participation was the side-effect of a socially denied community, and that the qualities and standards of gang youth could be changed by re-situating the adolescents’ frames of mind, qualities, and desires toward standard society.

The article, The Police and Drugs by Mark H. Moore and Mark A.R. Kleiman (1989), discourses drug threats to policing and the most viciousness related with street-level drug dealing. The most violence related with street-level drug dealing includes youth gangs and spills into the overall population, drug use undermines well-being, economic prosperity, and social obligation of drug users, drug trafficking compromises the thoughtfulness of city life and undermines child rearing. Objectives of drug enforcement: diminish the gang brutality related with drug trafficking and prevent powerful organized criminal groups from rising, control the street wrongdoings carried out by drug users, enhance the well-being and economic and social prosperity of drug users, reestablish the personal satisfaction in urban communities by closure of street-level drug dealing, help keep kids from trying different things with drugs, and secure the respectability of criminal justice organizations.

Policing American Gangs

In the article, Policing American Gangs and Gang Members by M. Novich (2018), gangs have been subjects of broad experimental research since the 1920s. Insightful enthusiasm for gangs was to a great extent because of gang individuals’ improved probability of participating in delinquent behavior. Gang members have been associated with criminal activities extending from drug dealing to robbery, property offenses, firearm brutality, and manslaughter. During the 1980s, there was nationwide worry about gangs as violent gang-related crimes expanded and drew media consideration. Accordingly, vital legislation was executed that made gang enrollment illegal. These strategies were intended to control gang association and de-heighten gang brutality. The legislation included common gang directives, the improvement of gang databases, and the arrangement and reinforcing of gang team units.

Surely, the arrangements brought about an expansion of gang unit officers concentrated on relieving gang crime and gang inclusion. Officer approaches concentrated on halting, confining, and capturing people who frequently fit certain generalizations. In particular, officers routinely put together gang related experiences with respect to suspects’ race, age, clothing, sexual orientation, and geographic area, concentrating for the most part on young fellows of shading in financially discouraged neighborhoods. Maybe obviously, various issues and concerns identified with forceful and one-sided police conduct surfaced, bringing about sketchy results of gang concealment. Research proposes that coordinated patrols and evacuating leadership probably won’t be viable. Rather, exchange approaches ought to incorporate policing related to help from community-based nonprofit organizations and research that represents gang members’ encounters of law implementation procedures.

Gangs and Gang Activity

In the paper, Gangs and Gang Activity in America: A Prevention Report by Brown et al. (2011), it discusses gang intervention, prevention, and suppression procedures focusing on various phases of the formative model of gang cooperation. ‘Prevention’ includes working with communities and people to turn away young people from joining gangs by any means. ‘Intervention’ is working with young people when they are on the ‘cusp’ of joining a gang or are modestly associated with gang activity. ‘Suppression’ centers around dispensing with the brutal or unlawful conduct of individuals who are intensely drenched in gang activity. The objective of aversion programs is to lessen the quantity of young people who progress toward becoming gang individuals.

Gang Resistance Education and Training program (G.R.E.A.T), epitomizes a school-based anticipation program, actualized by cops, focusing on middle school students to enable them to oppose joining gangs, by showing fundamental abilities and focusing on criminogenic hazard factors. Mesa Gang Intervention Project (MGIP) is a case of an intervention program. Members are observed every day and offered jobs, alcohol and drug counseling, and other social services. The program has been successful in stifling the gang issue, lessening violent crimes, and different kinds of crimes. The Dallas Anti-Gang Initiative has been viable in lessening gang-related problems through forceful truancy enforcement and curfew. Boston’s Operation Ceasefire, an issue arranged policing approach, in view of the ‘pulling levers’ discouragement strategy, concentrating on a few constantly offending gang individuals responsible for most youth manslaughters, has decreased youth crimes, shots-fired calls, and firearm attacks in the city.


To conclude, drugs and gangs are interrelated. Law enforcement have produced different approaches to lessen the gang and drug problem. They have created different programs to prevent the growth of gangs, and goals to reduce the drug issue. When it comes to gangs and drugs the problem will never be completely be extinct, but law enforcement officers can continue to create programs and approaches to hinder the progression of these issues.

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The Gangs And Drugs. (2022, May 01). Retrieved from

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