Health promotion consists of many background appraisals, interpreted as disease prevention, and it means to educate health in the society. What is health? WHO defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing” (Potter & Perry, 2014, p.). A comprehensive approach to health attributes to community development, the care for clients, and the improvement of health facilities. This study presents the social determinants of health and disease prevention.
Health promotion according to O’Donnell is “the art and science of helping people discover the synergies between their core passion and optimal health; it helps people to change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health” (2009, p.
iv). Social determinants of health include social status, social support networks, education, employment, social environment, personal health practices, immunization, gender, and culture. Disease prevention is necessary because some diseases have no cure; sexually transmitted diseases like HIV and AIDS, Cancer, and Ebola virus. Edelman, Kudzma & Mandle states that “Health promotion has strategies and potentials of enhancing the quality of life from birth to death” (2014, p.
The research is done using Google Scholar and Brock University super search index. The findings aimed to study the social determinants of health and disease prevention. The author includes some personal opinions about Health Community development in Africa.
According to the research by Dennis Raphael, “50% of health in a population includes health care systems and genetic factors, whereas the remaining 50% attributes to social and economic environments” (2009, p. xii). Social determinants are the most influential aspects of the health care system since it covers 50% of health population needs; contributing to the provision of health facilities and combining the requirement for community development.
Raphael also mentions that the “future of health Canada is that Canadians set goals in developing the healthiest population in the world” (2009, p. xv); but Raphael did not support the statement. Whereas, the goals promote anti-smoking education; provide health for all Canadians, deliver social support for the homeless, and eliminate poverty in Canada (Potter & Perry, 2014, p. 25). Realizing the social determinant of health will decide the health status of a nation. The social determinant of health is essential because it addresses health equity. Health equity is when a population obtains the opportunity in acquiring their potential health benefits and no one has disapproved of the benefits of health, due to their social status. This social status is classified as inequities, and the inequities include “poverty, unequal access to health care, lack of education, stigma, and racism” (Social determinants of health, 2014, n. d.). Health promotion provides remedies to deal with inequities.
Ottawa Charter and many other reporters like Lalonde argued social determinants of health, which made Canada Hall commissions declare “health availability to all Canadians” (Reutter & Ford, 1998, p. 88). Studying the social determinants of health contributed to the health and political progress in Canada. The need for killing two birds with one stone means providing health and political founding at the same time.
Some diseases are the most deadly with no remedies, and it is severely killing and reducing the population. Ebola is one of the life-threatening diseases that spread through bodily fluids, and it is prevalent in West Africa. According to one study, “In some communities people believe that Ebola is real, they refrain from touching the sick person” (); whereas the condition becomes critical, and the person dies. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the progressive failure of the immune system then the body is unable to fight infections.
However, some chronic diseases have no cure, but there are strategies for intervention. Reducing the rate of poverty in developing countries will help prevent the risk of Ebola and HIV/AIDS (McCracken & Phillips, 2012, p. 51). To meet global health “we provide drugs and surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy for cancer, medication for hypertension, giving tablets, insulin for diabetes and psychotherapy for mental disorders” (McCracken & Phillips, 2012, p. 52).