Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause a range of symptoms including a sore throat, runny nose, wheeze, cough and fever. Some have minor symptoms and affects on humans, like the common cold, while others are more likely to lead to pneumonia. They’re typically spread through direct contact with an infected person.
Symptoms to watch for include fever, shortness of breath, coughing trouble breathing, body aches, sore throat or diarrhea and being sick.
“While we do not know all of the mechanisms of spread of the epidemic so far, there is likely spread by droplets and contaminated surfaces, and possible airborne [spread], similar to SARS,” said Dr.
Mark Denison, a virologist at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center.
People may also become infected through contact with the virus particles on a surface, though it’s unknown how long the new Coronavirus can survive on surfaces outside of the body. If an infected person coughs or sneezes onto a surface, such as a table or door handle, and another person touches that surface, in theory it is possible the disease could spread to the other person.
Many countries outside China have advised citizens not to travel there and to leave by commercial means soon. The U.S. State Department issued a level four warning in January 2020, having earlier saying Americans should “reconsider” travel to China.
What is clear is that contraction of the virus, though terrible is not a definite death sentence. By January 30 th at least 213 people had died in China, with almost 10,000 cases of the virus recorded.
The World Health Organization said there had been 98 cases in 18 other countries, but no recorded deaths. U.S. Health officials reported the first U.S. case of person-to-person spread of the new virus from China on 30 th of January 2020. The patient is married to a Chicago woman who became sick from the virus after she returned from a trip to Wuhan, China, the starting point of the contagion.
The Coronavirus gets its name from the spikes on its surface, which resemble a crown, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Corona is Latin for crown. Including the newly identified strain of Cornavirus, there are seven identified Coronaviruses that can infect humans, according to the CDC says. Other Coronaviruses include MERS and SARS.
Details have emerged Of the first 99 patents treated for the Coronavirus; the list has been published by the Lancet Medical Journal. The journal claims live animals sold at the Huanan seafood market are thought to be the source of the infection, called 2019-nCoV.
49 out of the 99 patients who had a direct link to the market, 47 worked there, either as managers or running the stalls and two were shoppers who had visited the market to buy food.
The data does not imply the death rate of the disease is 11%, as some of those still in hospital may yet die. Noticeably, many others have such mild symptoms they do not end up in hospital
The lancet claims, most of the 99 had other diseases that may have made them,’more vulnerable to the virus as a “result of the weaker immune functions of these patients.’