Background &Objectives: Healthy lifestyle may reduce breast cancer in women at high risk. The aim this study to find out the Association of some lifestyle factors, with breast cancer among women in Sulaimani City,
Method: A Retrospective case-control study was carried out, from July 2019 to October 2019. Purposive 200 breast cancer cases were compared to 200 women with ages, no family history of breast cancer and marital status, matched hospital-based controls from 20 to 60 years of age married women attending Hiwa Hospital and Medical Emergency Hospital in Sulaimani City.
A questionnaire was constructed by the researcher to elicit the detailed information related to study objectives. All subjects were completed as in-person interview technique.
The questionnaire is given to a panel of 15 experts to check the validity. Internal consistency and the reliability were measured by using Cronbach’s alpha formula on the questionnaire list. Analyzing and interpreting data using the application of descriptive statistical analysis, inferential chi-square test
The results: have revealed that there was an association between breast cancer and , education , residence area , BMI , abortion , hormonal contraception , long duration contraception use above 6 years , benign breast disease .
Conclusions:The women with higher BMI had a higher risk to develop breast cancer in their lives. There was no statistically significant difference in Smoking a cigarette, regular exercise.And the role of HRT is not significant with breast cancer. Further research needed to focus on the type of therapy, the way it is taken and when treatment started, because those factors can produce different results.
The female breast has always been a logo of beauty, fertility and femininity.
It is not surprising that written records and illustrations of breast cancer originate to antiquity since the situation of the organ permissible simple identification. Cancer could also be a number one rationalization for mortality worldwide, responsible for 7.6 million deaths or roughly 13% of all deaths in 2008, 70% of which occurred in low- and middle-income countries. This can be foreseen to 13.1 million deaths annually by 2030. Breast cancer is a major health burden among women worldwide. It’s the foremost common cancer among women in both high-resource and low-resource settings, and is liable for over a million of the estimated 10 million neoplasms diagnosed worldwide each year. It is also the primary cause of cancer deaths among women globally.
Among women, breast cancer is that the leading style of unwellness, accounting for 16% of all female cancers. As a result of this rise, additional women are dying today worldwide from breast and cervical cancer than maternal mortality. In Iran, the third main rationalization for death is cancer .The National Cancer Registry reports from 2003 to 2006, population-based cancer has been applied during this report. The age-standardized incidence rate of cancers was 98 and 110 per 100 000 among females and males. The male to female standard ratio was 1.12. The foremost common cancer among women and men was breast cancer and stomach cancer. Cancer incidence in Turkey, a comparatively large country with a population of 72 million in which 9,847 females have cancer. Age Adjusted Incidence Rate(AAIRs) per 100 000 were: 129.4 in women for all cancer sites, excluding non-melanoma skin cancer. Among women the rate per 100 000 was highest for breast cancer (33.7) followed by colorectal (11.5), stomach (8.8), thyroid (8.8) and lung (7.7).
Unfortunately, in the Kurdistan new cases document annually, there were 2432 new cases diagnosed with cancer in Hiwa Cancer Hospital in 2017 and this number elevated to 2738 new cases in 2018 whereas 1601 new case diagnosed until July 2019. Sometimes, patients returning from alternative cities to Iraq to receive treatment in this hospital.
Several factors contribute to increased breast cancer risk, as well as age, genes, child bearing history, menstrual history, use of hormone therapies, socioeconomic, physical activity, BMI, family history and breastfeeding history.