1st Essay Sample on The Articles of Confederation
The new United States had finally gained their freedom from England.With being a new country they needed to form a new system of government.The Articles of Confederation was adopted then between 1781 to 1789.The Articles of Confederation, I believe, were a “successive failure.” Even though the Articles had some successes, there wasn’t too many.One of the successes was that the negotiation of the Treaty of Paris, which ended up ending the Revolutionary War.Another successful section was the passage of the Northwest Ordinance.In the Northwest Ordinance, formal procedure for transforming territories into states was established.The Ordinance included a Bill of Rights, which guaranteed freedom of religion, the right to trial by jury, public education and a ban on slavery in the Northwest.The Articles were key as to guide the new nation through a critical period of it’s beginning. Also through the successes there were the failures produced by the Articles of Confederation.Measures that were passed by Congress needed to seek the approval of nine out of the thirteen states.Under the Articles, the government was severely limited in its powers.They could not raise money by collecting taxes; they could only ask the states, of which did not have give the money.They also had no power over foreign commerce and could not regulate trade between the states.Laws could be passed, but the states could not be forced to agree with them.Since the states did not have to comply, often times they did not cooperate.Soldiers were unable to be drafted by the government and states were often asked to provide them willingly. Some of the failures of the Articles had caused a couple cause and effect circumstances.The inability to pay off the debt had caused the United States to seem less like a nation in the eyes of other countries.
2nd Essay Sample on The Articles of Confederation
From 1781-1789 the Articles of Confederation provided a weak form of central government which lacked foreign respect, was in an economic depression, and had no domestic control.Although one of the provisions of the Treaty of Paris (1783) was for Great Britain to abandon the Northwest Territory, they did not. Britain was in direct violation of the Treaty of Paris and America had little power for enforcing this. Moreover, the British attitude towards the former colonies was resentful. The British Orders in Council (1783) barred American trade, and hurt overseas interests. Great Britain was building up exports to America, but holding imports to a minimum which hurt the economy greatly.
Not only was America’s relationship with Britain one-sided, but the former colonies had problems relating with Spain. In 1784 Spain closed off the Mississippi to American trade, which prevented farmers from selling their goods from beyond the Appalachians to the continental states. Although a stronger central government might have been more effective in settling these foreign problems, America was too weak militarily and economically to challenge a European country. As a result of the Revolution, the United States had around forty two million dollars in debt, mostly to patriots and war veterans. Because of the unfavorable trade relations and the need to pay off debts, the states began printing their own money, which soon became worthless.
Because the Articles of Confederation couldn’t levy national taxes, the states had to assume the responsibility for paying off debt. Some states began to tax heavily to pay off debts, however, with the economy far from booming, many citizens were often unable to pay and therefore imprisoned. The lack of a strong organization of the states was clearly the root of the problem.