The army is made up of ordinary people. The human beings who have the common sense of humanity, have a compassionate nature, are equipped with loving souls, loving souls, romantic souls. This ordinary human being has been trained by his physics, his mind, his durability and exposure to various scenarios and introduced with various weapons is also challenged with various tests. They undergo the process of physical, spiritual and spiritual transformation, and eventually builds on strength, built-in resilience and built-in subtleties that produce the spirit of humanity and the spirit of the hero. They are developed in the dimensions of military culture that emphasize discipline which upholds the spirit of loyalty and practice obedience when performing missions.
They are ready to heat and rain, they are ready to fight and they are ready to fight. They are stubborn if they have to end the history of other human beings and at the same time have also been banned for shedding their blood, wounding their bodies and chewing their flesh and even being able to sacrifice their lives. Every courage and willingness is done not for the sake of himself, nor for his personal interests, but to uphold the command, uphold the command, fulfill the duty and fulfill the obligations. They do everything to help fulfill their desires and help achieve the goals set by the higher authorities. The goals and goals that are often and generally set by non-military leaders, in the name of the Head of State in the name of the Head of Government. That’s where the tower of obedience and the merit of the Armed Forces loyal to the civilian leadership in a government-run and state-run system of public leadership.
However, such relations are not comprehensive but the Army is comprised of human beings who are also equipped with common sense, mind, instinct and passion. Leaders and military personnel also have emotions, aspirations, ideals and ideals. Therefore, military culture as well as military and public relations forms are not stereotypical. There are various models and patterns. If the Armed Forces is a sectarian, they are divided into various sects where each sect is influenced by the history of the establishment, the role tradition, the political landscape, the racial composition, the population distribution, the geographical location, the financial resources, the moral ethics, the religious holds, and even the various factors others. The Armed Forces have continuously made various adjustments to function effectively, so that their organization remains relevant in the natural space it operates. Adaptation wisely is pioneered to ensure it does not end up as a dying dinosaur. The appearance of military culture is determined by the environmental reference. Its existence, like water that is rounded by sewers. It is a strategic thought that is not new to this day, it has long been contained in the recipe of the Art of War since 500 years before AD based on the discovery of the writings produced by Sun Tzu “Just as water adapts itself to the conformation of the ground, so in war one must be flexible, he must often adapt his tactics to the enemy situation “.
Accumulated various theories, accumulated research treasures and there are numerous examples of military relations with the public. Among them is the Pure Soul program at the Al-Ikhlas Parent Nursing and Care House, Pulau Meranti Puchong where members of the Navy present cleaning in the area. The National Blue Ocean Strategic program launched by the Prime Minister of Malaysia involves the involvement of the Armed Forces, Royal Malaysian Police, Maritime Team Malaysia and other uniformed bodies to ensure the security and the comfort of the public and the nation is more secure.
The element of manners and ethics, wisdom and morality in military relations with the public, and trying to link in the context of Malaysia. Potential relationships lead to misery and misery, a relationship that has the potential to build harmony and prosperity. Clearly, the Armed Forces are a necessity, a must to be abolished. It is not merely a requirement that comes from the logic of human thinking, it is an obligation that is a claim of one fardu kifayah in Islam as instructed in verse 60, surah Al-Anfaal, meaning: “Prepare for them (the enemy who invades) the kind of strength you can provide and the complete cavalry for battle, (which by preparation) you make the enemy of GOD, your enemy and other enemies you do not know; while Allah knows it. Whatever you spend on the path of GOD will be perfected for you, and you will not be wronged. “
Surah Al-Anfaal revealed in Medina explains the rukun and manners of war determined by Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala. It includes guidelines for the distribution of war booty, prohibition of retreat during war, the law of the prisoner of war, the duty of obedience to the leadership of the war, the necessity of reconciliation, the duty of preparing for war equipment, mental resilience, patience, trafficking and remembrance of God during war. It outlines the purpose of war in Islam, the treacherous ban on Allah and the Messenger and the message, as well as the prohibition of betraying the covenant. The verse clearly warned the importance of preparing the mighty warriors again. The armed forces are equipped with the finest equipment, a guerrilla warrior and anxious on the enemy side.
Did the army have succeeded in professionally protecting the public interest or the army has allowed itself to associate tyranny and increase the state of affairs, to more damage and more lives lost. Did the military exercise the responsibility of standing on the principle of justice, defending the truth or the army had allowed himself to defend the tyranny and helped to prolong the tyranny. The information needs to be carefully screened, objectively analyzed, so that the choice is rice, which is discarded is the least.
Every information from an event that has been and is happening must be guided and guided. How important is the role of information, and even accurate information is confirmed by Sun Tzu since 500 BC, when information and communication technology is still too primitive when information and communication technology is not as sophisticated today. Military-community relations have taken place since the existence of a state-of-the-art concept where nations and citizens have security protection from the military. The history of this relationship can be found in notes by Sun Tzu (The Art of War) and Clausewitz (On War). These two thinkers argue military organizations are ‘servants of the state’. The military organization is seen as a must to ensure the safety of the people, the sovereignty of the country and the survival of the states. Thus the army was equipped with the destructive warfare equipment and its members were trained to fight. A strong and respected country is represented by a strong army of either the army, the sea and the air. Military organizations are very organized, complete and able to carry out their duties efficiently. In addition to Sun Tzu and Clausewitz, Samuel Huntington’s opinion in his book The Soldier and the State, the most recent is very well-known and often debated. Huntington saw the need for public rulership in military-US relations during the Cold War.
The Ministry of Defense is led by the Minister of Defense with the help of a Deputy Minister. The Ministry of Defense’s organization consists of two main services namely the Civil Service and the Malaysian Armed Forces (ATM). The Ministry is responsible for the implementation of the National Defense Policy and the management of defense affairs as well as the resources available to the Armed Forces (AT) to defend the country. The National Defense Policy reflects the country’s desire to defend its strategic interests and safeguard national security. The defense policy outlines three key principles, namely national strategic interests, defense principles and defense concepts. It underscores the need to maintain a stable and secure national strategic importance area.
National strategic importance areas can be seen from three layers namely the nearest, regional and global areas. The nearest areas include terrestrial land, waters, space, Exclusive Economic Zone (ZEE), Straits of Malacca and its entrance exits, and Straits of Singapore besides sea and air links connecting Peninsular Malaysia with Sabah and Sarawak. Regional areas deemed important by Malaysia include Southeast Asia, including the Andaman Islands as well as the South China Sea. Malaysia sees any developments in the region will also affect its safety and development. This is important because Malaysia shares land or sea borders or both with almost every member of ASEAN. Any disruption to the security of the region, whether in the form of regional or regional internal conflicts, will have an impact on national security. The growing trade relations of the country, the emergence of new markets for its outputs, increased foreign investment and the nation’s acquisition of private companies with worldwide interests, have made the country’s interests reach beyond the region’s immediate and regional . Under such circumstances, it is of interest to the state to ensure the security of the world is preserved.
Taking into account the factors of national strategic importance and competition in various other interests, Malaysia’s defense revolves around the key principles of Capability for Self-Reliance, Regional Cooperation and External Assistance. As a sovereign and sovereign nation, Malaysia recognizes that the most appropriate measure to safeguard the interests and national security is through efforts towards self-sufficiency which is the core of national defense. This principle emphasizes the ability of the Armed Forces in the capacity of national independent capacity. It involves not only the combat forces but also the logistical support networks of military-industrial cooperation in line with the priority of the nation’s development program. In this connection, independent capabilities are not limited to the Armed Forces’ efforts alone but should involve all relevant Government agencies and the masses. However, taking into account its limits, the country’s independence capabilities are generally based on two bases. First, it has the ability to act alone without external assistance in matters concerning domestic security, and secondly, has the ability to act alone in defending territorial sovereignty and security interests in the immediate vicinity of the threats beyond the low and middle level.
Due to the geographical position of the country in the middle of Southeast Asia, it is inevitable that Malaysia’s strategic interests have a close relationship with other regional countries. Based on this position, Malaysia’s security is part of the safety of ASEAN member states. As such, any threat to ASEAN or any ASEAN country is also seen as a threat to Malaysia. Accordingly, Malaysia is giving priority to regional cooperation. In the context of regional cooperation, Malaysia also supports the establishment of bilateral defense cooperation between ASEAN countries. A bilateral defense cooperation network with ASEAN countries will greatly assist in the process of building confidence and promoting transparency. Along with this approach, Malaysia will encourage and contribute towards developing a solid and effective ASEAN union to ensure safe Southeast Asia. Malaysia sees the establishment of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) as an important development towards the continued peace and stability of the region. This ASEAN initiative has brought together members to share views on security issues involving common interests. The dialogue process is proven to be an important mechanism for building confidence. ARF activities will be able to create more intimate collaboration and better understanding among ARF participants. To complement regional cooperation efforts, Malaysia is also well aware of the need to seek external assistance from countries outside the region. The aid includes moral and physical support, training facilities, technology transfer and equipment supplies. Towards this endeavor, Malaysia has taken steps to establish and enhance defense relations with countries outside the region. Although the state is responsible for the Safe, Free and Blazing Regime (ZOPFAN) principles, this should not be waived for the assistance of resources outside of the region when required.
It is difficult to identify the appropriate role for military organizations in the context of military-community relations when peaceful countries are peaceful. The armed forces established for the purpose of defending the country, may be used for other purposes and may also be misused. With the new interpretation of the threat and security, it has made the army as unnecessary and possibly burdensome. All these developments have led to the traditional dimensions of military-community relations have changed. New Academic Publishers Hence, troops today have to work hard to make their values and needs clear. These efforts must be viewed by the community or something that is relevant to the needs of the community or to solve something that the government can not conclude. Thus, military organizations will be relevant and will indirectly purify military relations – society. The Blue Ocean Strategy conducted by the army has opened the eyes of the people in the interests of the army to the people and how useful the army would be if the government ruled wisely. In conclusion military-society relations in Malaysia are still in a positive sphere and issues that are debated over issues that are played by the west. Malaysia may be able to imitate the methods Singapore has done that reinforce the sense of ‘belonging’ or ‘all-armed’ in an effective way.