Religious Studies Questions & Answers Chapter 8-10

Why is Venice home to a vast amount of Byzantine art?
Venetian mercenaries looted Constantinople’s art during the Fourth Crusade.
According to Augustine, the singing of hymns and psalms in church was established to
prevent people from becoming bored or sad.
The word evangelist comes from a Greek word meaning
“bearer of good.”
The Byzantine emperor Justinian began construction of Hagia Sophia in 532 CE to
divert attention from domestic turmoil stirred up by warring gangs.
Why did the Byzantine emperor Leo III inaugurate a program of iconoclasm?
He argued that God, in the Ten Commandments, had prohibited images.

Early Christians developed symbols to identify themselves to each other because they
feared persecution for their faith.
Which sect is associated with the Dead Sea Scrolls?
the Essenes
According to the evangelist Paul, sinners could earn redemption by
showing their faith in Christ and his salvation.
San Vitale is unique for its
octagonal shape.
In an effort to try to maintain a strong, collective Jewish identity after the Diaspora, rabbis
wrote down the Oral Torah.

Conquered Africans were perhaps eager to convert to Islam to
avoid enslavement.
Muslim calligraphers placed great emphasis on beautiful writing style primarily to
reflect the beauty of the Muslim faith as fully as possible.
The Qur’an advises Muslim women to dress modestly to
avoid harassment.
Traditional Arabic music is based on the intonations and rhythms of
The design of most mosques is inspired by
Muhammad’s house in Medina.
The word “hadith” refers to
Muhammad’s sayings.
Contributing to Islam’s rapid spread, the mosque held appeal for its
provision of a sense of community.
Muslims generally avoid figurative imagery in the decoration of their mosques because
Muhammad warned that image makers would face punishment on the Day of Judgment.
Muslims believe that in 610 CE the Archangel Gabriel first visited Muhammad to
deliver messages from the one and only God.
The explosion in book availability in the Arabic world was enabled by the eighth-century
introduction of the art of papermaking.
Charlemagne admired the monastery of St. Gall for its
functional, orderly arrangement.
Benedictine monks at Cluny introduced
choral music.
The Hiberno-Saxon style in manuscript illumination is notable for its role in
unifying Anglo-Saxon visual culture with Christianity.
Pope Urban II presented the Crusades as
a Holy War.
The Song of Roland describes
Charlemagne’s defeat of the Saracen Muslims.
Why was courtly love poetry written in the common language of everyday life instead of Latin?
A greater number of people would be able to enjoy it.
All of the following were motivations for the First Crusade EXCEPT
creating a homeland for Jews.
Which literary work describes a scene similar to the Sutton Hoo discovery?
Although the first three Crusades were political and religious failures, they succeeded in
stimulating Western trade with the East.
Which medieval cult is connected to courtly love literature?
the Cult of the Virgin

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