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World Religions Chapter 8

The movement dedicated to establishing a Jewish state in the biblical land of Israel
Zionism

Non-Jewish peoples may be referred to as
gentiles

Critical examination of a religious text is called
exegesis

The title for the person sent by God to rescue the Jewish people from suffering
messiah

The Mishnah together with commentaries is known as
Talmud

The name for God’s presence in the world is
shekinah

Jewish mystical traditions
Kabbalah

Israel declared itself to be an independent state in the year
1948

What is the name of the Jewish holy day in which sins are confessed communally, forgiveness asked, and prayers for reconciliation with God offered?
Yom Kippur

Four major branches of contemporary Judaism
Conservative, orthodox, reform, constructionist

What do Christians refer to the Tanakh as?
The Old Testament

What is the name of the land that Judaism is traditionally associated with?
Israel

Who is the first patriarch of Judaism?
Abraham

Who was the ruler when the first Temple of Jerusalem was built?
King Solomon

What is the meaning of the word “Israel”?
Wrestles with God

The name of the portable tabernacle designed by God
Ark of the Covenant

Which movement emphasizes ecstatic piety?
Hasidism

Which empire destroyed the first temple of Jerusalem in 586 B.C.E.?
Babylonia

Which country has more Jews than any other country?
U.S.

Jewish religious law
Halakhah

Unleavened bread eaten during Passover
Matzah

The ritual meal for the observance of Passover
Seder

The book of splendor-a mystical interpretation of Torah
Zohar

What expectations do the Jewish have about the Messiah?
He will be a great spiritual teacher, a divine being, and a savior who redeems humanity from sin

The coming of age ceremony
Bar Mitzvah

The Jewish ceremony of circumcision
Bris

Rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C.E. following victory over the Greeks
Chanukah

Receiving Torah from God on Sinai
Shavuot

Exodus from Egypt around 1290 B.C.E.
Passover

The Pentateuch; the whole body of Jewish teaching and law
Torah

Expressions of prejudice against Jews
Anti-Semitism

In Judaism and Christianity, the dramatic end of the present age
apocalypse

The dispersal of the Jews around the world after Babylonian exile
diaspora

The five books of Moses at the beginning of the Hebrew bible
Pentateuch

Approximate Jewish population of the world today
15 million

T/F Ultra-Orthodox Israeli leaders accept converts to Reform Judaism
False

T/F Judaism may have been influenced by outside views in the diaspora
True

T/F Moses destroyed the first set of tablets he received from God
True

T/F Apocalyptic literature focuses on God’s victory over evil
True

T/F The head of Orthodox Judaism is known as the tzaddik
False

T/F The chief goal of Reconstructionist Judaism is to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem
False

T/F King Solomon advocated and practiced strict ascetism
True

T/F The Jewish Sabbath begins Saturday night at sunset
False

T/F Reform Judaism adapted some practices from Christian church services
True

T/F Shabbetai Tzevi was a “pseudo-Messiah”
True

T/F In Judaism, only ben can become rabbis
False

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