In 1905 people were still loyal to the tsar as they accepted his promises of reform .The tsar did not carry out these reforms in 1905 because the revolution did not stop and as the tsar did not give them what they wanted then they thought that they could no longer trust him. In 1917 on top of them no longer trusting him because of him not doing the promised reforms there had been various other situations where the people thought that they could no longer trust him.
Scale and scope of the 2 revolutions
In 1905 the tsar divided his enemies up so that the protests were disorganised and lacked money . In 1917 the march was on a much larger scale more political and more organised ,at the brunt of it were the bolsheviks and this party wanted to overthrow the tsar and take charge themselves .This along with the mutiny of other troops this was a recipe for disaster.
The two wars (with Japan and WW1)
In the 1905 war with Japan was not going well but there eventually was a stalemate from this came the treaty of Washington and Russia got a very good deal from this . So even though the war was not exactly how Russia wanted to end it and they got a lot of what they wanted so this made the people less angry. In 1917 Russia was faced with a world war the casualties were much higher and by 1917 Russia losses totalled 1,300,000.This obviously was not what the people wanted and this meant that anger grew for the Tsar .
The Russian’s were massacred because of lack of guns and ammunition. Also there was a lack of food and when the Russians were fighting in their own country there was a lot of trench warfare and in winter the temperature averaged -20 degrees and if there is a shortage of food and clothes this would make the troops mad. Also when the Russians were battling in Germany this meant that the war in 1905 the German’s did not have to travel as far and the war was in Japan but in 1917 the war in Germany was much further away.
The tsar had troops to depress the revolution in 1905 but not in 1917
In 1905 when people started to revolt the tsar eventually brought his troops back from fighting in Japan after signing the peace treaty .But in 1917 he could not do this because they were heavily engaged in battle and were being pushed back as it was .This meant that he had no power apart from his secret police (who there were not nearly enough to overpower a revolution) to overpower the revolution
Nicholas taking personal charge of his troops
Nicholas left petrograd to take over the Russian military forces .This was fatal as mow he received the personal blame for Russia’s defeats and he lost control of his troops .Also Nicholas relied on the Tsarinas reports on how Petrograd was doing and the Tsar though that it wasn’t as bad as it really was because the Tsarina lied saying it was fine.
Rasputin and the tsarina
The Tsar left the Tsarina in power but she basically shared her power with Rasputin because she thought that he was god because he could supposedly cure Alexi so she done anything that he said .This was a bad move to leave the Tsarina in charge because the people though that she was purposefully ding badly because she was so that Germany would win the war( because she was German) .Also no one trusted this new mysterious figure called rasputin because there had been rumours that he had a very conspicuous social life .Also the Tsarina appointed weak and bad ministers because Rasputin told her to .
Poor railway system
The countries incompetent railway system could not supply the necessary equipment the enable the Russian army to fight properly. Men had to fight without guns .There was no food. There was surplus grain but because of the poor railway system it just sat there and rotted. They also could not get food into the cities which prices rose due to the shortage and people started to starve. In 1905 the railway system the railway was not amazing but it was no where near as bad as in 1917 also there was not as much of a need of supply of guns because the war was on a much smaller scale.
Striking in Petrograd
On the 22nd February 1917 the owners of Putilov iron works locked out after they demanded higher wages .The 20000 workers went onto the streets .On the 11th February a large crowd marched through petrograd breaking shop windows and shouting anti war slogans .In 19-5 the marches were more tame because they were not on the brink of starvation because they had a steady supply of food .In 1917 because of prices rising no one could afford food so if they got killed they had nothing to lose.
Disobedience in the troops
On the 22nd February mach troops were ordered to disperse the crowd .The troops were unwilling to do this and some joined in .This was a major turning point for the revolution .In 1905 the troops were in full support in the Tsar so he could suppress the revolution but because his troops turned against him he had no power in the 1917 revolution
200-300 words A little background to the events ,what happened before 1905 and the 1917 revolution. Comparison between the 2 wars say a little about the fact that everything went wrong in 1917 .Introduce the question .
Answer the question .Bring all of the points together and say how each contributed to the abdication of the Tsar. Say how the tsar was forced to abdicate .