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Use of Figurative Language in Poetry and Prose

Alliteration
repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more words or syllables

Analogy
comparison of similar traits between dissimilar things to highlight point of similarity

Figurative Language
-word or phrase that departs from literal language
-metaphor and simile
-ex. Winter’s end implies the end of a person’s life

Hyperbole
deliberate exaggeration for effect
-ex. the whole world’s problems are on my shoulders

Imagery
-words/phrases that appeal to the senses
-ex. the siren in the night played a haunting tone

Irony
-use of words to suggest opposite of intended meaning
-ex. parent tells teen “Oh, your room is really clean.”

Literal Language
-the actual definition of the word
-ex. winter’s end is the end of winter

Metaphor
-figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else
-ex. diverging roads metaphor for choices people must make in life

Personification
-assignment of human trait to nonhuman item or characteristic
-ex. the angry sea

Simile
-figure of speech that has direct comparison between unlike things using like or as
-ex. you are as quiet as a mouse

Symbol
-usually concrete objects or images that represent abstract ideas
-ex. eagle = symbol of freedom

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