Unit 3: World History

Crucifixion
a form of execution where the victim is bound or nailed to a cross

Doctrine
ideas that are taught as truth in a religion

Gospel
the teachings of Jesus Christ and the story of his life

Heretic
someone who has beliefs that contradict a religion’s doctrine

Messiah
someone regarded as a savior or liberator of a people

Trinity
the union of three persons in Christianity, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit

The four books of the New Testament that detail the life and teachings of Jesus are called _____.

gospels

Christianity is a ________ religion.
monotheistic

The sacred text of Christianity is the Bible which is composed of the _____.
Old and New Testament.

Emperor _________ established the Edict of Milan in 313.
Constantine

Christianity came out of Judaism, and its founder is Jesus of Nazareth.

Christians believe that Jesus was crucified on a cross, that he died and was buried, and that he rose from the grave to live again.

Christians believe Jesus was both God and man.

The title “Christ,” which means savior, was given to him.

Christianity spread through proclamation and persecution in the first century.

Christianity came into conflict with Roman law.

Christianity was declared the official religion of Rome in 391 by Theodosius I.

Chattel
a type of slavery where the slave is the sole property of the master with no rights

Infanticide
the practice of killing newborn babies or infants

Populace
the general public living in a city or region

Subordinate
being lower in rank or status to another person

Syncreticm
philosophy that attempts to combine different systems of beliefs or practices

The _________ depicts the role and status of women in Indian society.

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Ramanaya

Chandragupta rebelled against the governors of _____.
Alexander

What Indian ruler was converted to Buddhism?
Ashoka

The main trade route that connected China with Rome was called the _____.
Silk Road

The state religion of the Han Dynasty was _____.
Confucianism

What things did the Han Dynasty standardize?
Writing; Weights and Measures

What are the reasons for the Olmec civilization to be the “mother culture” of later Mesoamerican societies
a 365-day calendar; building pyramids and temples; cultivating corn; similar religious rituals; the same gods of fertility, sky and nature, and war

The Olmec civilization was located in _____.
Mesoamerica

The two classical civilizations in India were the Maurya and Gupta Empires.
-The Mauryan Empire was the first to unify India.
-The most famous Mauryan leader was Ashoka, who denounced violence and took up Buddhism.
-Buddhism believes all human suffering is caused by human desire that can be controlled.
-The Gupta Empire was known for its magnificent art, architecture, and literature.
-Indian women were expected to be subject to men and could not select their marriage partner.

The Han Dynasty was broken into two parts; the Former and the Latter.
-It was the longest dynasty in Chinese history.
-The Han Empire adapted Confucianism as the state philosophy.
-Confucius placed emphasis on morality, justice, sincerity, and social relationships.
-The Han Dynasty began an examination for the people to determine who could get a government job.
-The greatest Han ruler was Han Wu Ti.
-It was a male-dominated society.
-The practice of foot binding was done on many girls.
-They greatly expanded the Silk Road.

The Olmec civilization was the “mother culture” to the Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs.
-Olmec means “rubber people” because they used rubber to make balls and other things.
-They developed drainage systems.
-They built large stone heads.
-They disappeared mysteriously.
-They used a 365-day calendar.

Siddhartha Gautama founded the religion of _____.
Buddhism

The two hundred years of Roman Peace (30 B.C. – A.D. 235) is called _____.
Pax Romana

Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar composed the _____.
First Triumvirate

metallurgy
the study of metals and the process for refining and making things from them

aristocracy
people of the highest social class or nobility

cynicism
a philosophy that doubts the attitude, beliefs, or character of others

democracy
a form of government where every citizen gets to participate

diaspora
the scattering of a people from their homeland

Torah
the primary holy book of Judaism

syncretism
philosophy that attempts to combine different systems of beliefs or practices

Socratic method
a means of arriving at truth by questioning, obtaining answers, and criticizing the answers

skepticism
philosophy that believes true knowledge is not possible

polytheistic
a belief that many gods control the universe

philosophy
a particular system of thought or doctrine

oligarchy
a small group of people who together govern a nation

monotheistic
a religion that worships one god

messiah
someone regarded as a savior or liberator of a people

inductive reasoning
reaching conclusions based on observation

Match the famous Greek philosopher with the writing or idea attributed to him.
Socrates; Socratic Method
Plato; The republic
Aristotle; Inductive reasoning

World History is the story of the interaction between _________, the environment, and ideas that form _________, societies, and civilizations.
people; cultures

Egypt and Kush believed in a _________ form of religion.
polytheistic

The Xiongnu and Scythians were ____________ tribes.
nomadic

Ashoka was the famous king of ______ who renounced violence.
maurya

Roman civil law was written down on __________ tables.
twelve

This Roman issued the Edict of Milan, which formally established tolerance for all religions
Constantine

The three kings that reigned during the Golden Age of Israel were:
David, Solomon, and Saul.

This became the universal language with changes done by the Romans.
Latin

Aristotle’s teacher
Plato

Reasons why Kush is considered a satellite of Egypt are:
Their pyramids and tombs are similar.
They had similar religious beliefs and gods.
Their art and architecture were much the same.

Reasons why Kush was its own distinct culture include:
development of own language
religious beliefs that predate Egypt

The world’s oldest recognized monarchy is found in _____.
Kush

The three main kings during the golden age of Israel were _____.
Davids, Solomon, Saul

The Hebrew nation was split into two parts: _____.
Israel and Judah

This tribe migrated across Africa bringing iron technology with it.
Bantu

Two things societies with iron technology developed socially are _____.
divisions of labor
hierarchical social classes

The Xiongnu and Scythians greatly influenced this region.
Central Asia

The Asiatic Huns were also known as the _____.
Xiongnu

Most of what we know about the Scythians comes from the _____.
Romans and Greeks

The Xiongnu became the direct ancestors of the Mongols, who ruled China up to World War I.
FALSE

The Jewish Torah is composed of _____ books.
Five

This tribe migrated across Africa, bringing iron technology with it.
Bantu

The Scythians and Xiongnu were _____ societies.
Nomadic

Judaism, like Christianity and Islam, traces its roots to _____.
Abraham

The single most important event in Jewish history is their exodus from _____.
Egypt

Evidence seems to suggest that the art of metallurgy began in _____.
Africa

Place these languages in the order they appeared.
Egyptian; Semitic; Phoenician; Greek; Roman

omnipotent
omniscient
omnipresent
all powerful
all knowing
in all places at all times

The _____ language was spoken in Egypt.
Coptic

Which of these regions was not influenced by the Scythians?
Africa —- But Afghanistan, Russia, Mediterranean were

In what order did the four diasporas mentioned in the lesson occur?
Assyrian
Babylonian
Greek
Roman

The sacred book of Judaism is called the _____.
Torah

The Scythians divided into what two branches?
Iranian and Indian

Some of the benefits of iron technology in agriculture include:
More land could be cleared.
More diverse crops could be grown.

This leader made all citizens over thirty eligible to serve on the council and gave more power to the Citizen Assembly.
Cleisthenes

This first Athenian reform leader established the Citizen’s Assembly, forbade enslavement for debts, and made fathers responsible for seeing that their sons learned a trade.
Solon

The alliance of Greek city-states was called the _____.
Delian League

The defining moment in Greek history is the _____ wars.
Persian

This battle eliminated Persian influence in Greece and Athens.
Salamis Bay

Plato’s famous teacher was _____.
Socrates

A civilization whose impact can be felt on history for a very long time is called _____.
Classical

______ is considered the father of Greek tragedy.
Aeschylus

The introduction of female characters in plays is attributed to _____.
Euripides

The Socratic method is named after this Greek philosopher.
Socrates

Inductive reasoning is attributed to _____.
Aristotle

From the lesson, the discovery of philosophy can be attributed to the _____.
Egyptians

Which of the regions or nations did Alexander not conquer?
Italy and China; but did Indus Valley, Egypt, Mesopotamia

After Alexander’s death, Greece and Macedonia were ruled by _____.
Antipater

Alexander the Great eventually established his administrative headquarters at _____.
Babylon

Alexander was the son of _____.
Philip II

After Alexander’s death, Egypt was ruled by _____.
Ptolemy

The philosophy that believed pleasure was the greatest aim in life was called _____.
Epicureanism

This philosophy believed it was important to completely control one’s passions and emotions.
Stoicism

The __________ is considered the sacred text and holy scriptures of Zoroastrianism.
Avesta

Many regard Zoroastrianism as the first __________ religion in the world.
Monotheistic

Herodotus is famous for writing _____.
The Histories

A ________ was a Persian provincial governor.
Satrap

The location of the famous stand by three hundred Spartans against the Persian army is called _____.
Thermopylae

The way of life where a person withdraws from society to devote self to prayer and solitude is called _____.
Monasticism

Cyrus
Cambyses
Darius
Xerxes
1-respected the customs and religions of the people he conquered
2-one of the few generals in history to ever conquer and occupy Egypt
3-was defeated by the Greeks at the Bay of Marathon
4-was defeated by the Greeks at the Bay of Salamis

The library at _____ in Egypt became the center of research, literature, and science.
Alexandria

The Greek philosophy of exploring all possibilities and examples before reaching a conclusion is called _____.
Inductive Reasoning

The famous philosophy work the Republic, which envisioned a utopia, was written by _____.
Plato

One of the legends surrounding the origins or Rome involves two brothers _____.
Romulus and Remus

The early Roman government was a ________.
Monarchy

Roman society was composed of two groups:
Plebeians
Patriarchs

The rulers of Italy before the Romans were the _____.
Etruscans

Which of the following was not one of the Roman Senate’s powers in the early days?
exercise complete control over the common people or plebeians; BUT THESE WERE:
-check and balance on the king’s power
-judge the actions of the king
-approval or veto of a new king

The First Triumvirate consisted of _____.
Crassus
Pompey
Julius Caesar

This Roman leader was assassinated in 46 B.C.
Julius Caesar

The end to the Roman Republic occurred when ________ came to power.
Caesar Augustus

cataract: a series of rapids and waterfalls on a river
collective learning:the ability to learn and transfer knowledge to others
consonant:a speech sound other than a vowel
indigenous:people groups that are native to a region
logographic:a system of writing in which signs or characters represent meanings, such as modern Chinese
mercenaries:professional soldiers paid to fight for a country other than their own.
polytheistic:a belief that many gods control the universe
covenant a solemn agreement between two or more parties
diaspora the scattering of a people from their homeland
Messiah Someone regarded as a savior or liberator of a people – e.g., Jesus Christ
monotheistic a belief in one god controlling the universe
protectorate a region controlled and defended by a more powerful state
religion beliefs concerning the existence, nature, and worship of a deity or deities
revenue money that comes into a business from the sale of goods or services
Torah the primary holy book of Judaism

anvil a piece of iron on which heated metal is beaten into shapes
hierarchical the formally ranked order of a group
metallurgy the study of metals and the process for refining and making things from them
savannah large flat grassland located in a tropical or subtropical region
smelting to melt ore in order to get metal from it
steppe a vast, semi-arid, usually grassy plain
vassal someone who shows loyalty to another in return for being allowed to occupy land
anarchy absence of any system of government in a society
aristocracy people of the highest social class or nobility
democracy form of government allowing every citizen to participate
despot a tyrant or ruler with absolute powers
oligarchy a small group of people who together governs a nation
tyranny exercising power with cruelty and injustice
tyrant a person who exercises power with cruelty and injustice

anthropomorphic human form and behavior attributed to deities in mythology
hubris excessive arrogance or ambition that leads to the downfall of a hero
inductive reasoning reaching conclusions based on observation
metaphysical the philosophical study of the nature of being and beings
mythology stories which are not necessarily true about ancestors, heroes, and gods
philosophy a particular system of thought or doctrine
Socratic method a means of arriving at truth by questioning, obtaining answers, and criticizing the answers
sophistry method of argumentation that seems clever but is flawed or dishonest
utopia an ideal or perfect place where everyone lives in harmony
virtue the state of being moral, good, or righteous
cynicism a philosophy that doubts the attitude, beliefs, or character of others
dynasty a succession of rulers from the same family
judiciary the branch of government that administers justice
skepticism philosophy that believes true knowledge is not possible
syncretism philosophy that attempts to combine different systems of beliefs or practices
monasticism-way of life where a person withdraws from society to devote self to prayer and solitude
satrap-a Persian provincial governor

confederacy an alliance of people or states
imperator a victorious military commander during the Roman Republic
imperium use power of the state to enforce the law
oligarchy a small group of people who together govern a nation
patrician a member of an aristocratic family in Rome
plebeian one of the ordinary citizens of Rome
ratify to give formal approval to an agreement
triumvirate a group of three people who jointly share authority or power

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Unit 3: World History. (2018, Jan 22). Retrieved from http://paperap.com/paper-on-unit-3-world-history/

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