There are many different theories as to the causes of domestic force ( maltreatment ) . These include psychological theories that consider personality traits and mental features of the wrongdoer, every bit good as societal theories which consider external factors in the wrongdoer ‘s environment, such as emphasis, societal acquisition and drug and intoxicant maltreatment.
Psychological theoriesfocal point on personality traits and mental features of the wrongdoer. Harmonizing to this theoretical attack, features associated with persons who abuse their spouses include low self-esteem, isolation from societal support, a manipulative nature, and a desire for power and control ( Suman Kakar 1998 ) . These persons are likely to be unwilling to take duty for their ain actions, have utmost feelings of green-eyed monster and possessiveness, be excessively dependent on the victim, and/or have certain mental or psychological upsets.
An of import facet in the psychological theory is power and control. In some relationships, force arises out of a sensed demand for power and control. This is where the maltreater may utilize force as a scheme to derive or keep power and control over the victim. Abusers may experience the demand to command their spouse because of troubles in modulating choler and other strong emotions, or when they feel inferior to the other spouse in instruction and socioeconomic background. For case, in our society today, adult females have moved off from being merely a “ homemaker ” and taken up the function as a “ calling adult female ” . No thirster are adult females remaining place and be givening to the house while work forces go out and work. In fact, a batch of adult females have taken over occupations that were antecedently held my work forces ( adult females politicians ) . This has brought about a power battle in the household which frequently leads to domestic differences and maltreatment: Some work forces with really traditional beliefs still think they have the right to command adult females, and that adult females are non equal to work forces, while adult females on the other manus, are competing for power and control.
Stressmay be increased when a individual is populating in a household state of affairs, with increased force per unit areas. Social emphasiss, due to inadequate fundss or other such jobs in a household may farther increase tensenesss. Violence is non ever caused by emphasis, but may be one manner that some ( but non all ) people respond to emphasize. Families and twosomes in poorness may be more likely to see domestic force, due to increased emphasis and struggles about fundss and other facets. Some speculate that poorness may impede a adult male ‘s ability to populate up to his thought of “ successful manhood ” , therefore he fears losing award and regard. As a consequence of him non being able to economically back up his married woman, and keep control, he may turn to violence as ways to show maleness.
Social acquisition theorysuggests that people learn from detecting and patterning after others ‘ behavior. With positive support, the behaviour continues. If one observes violent behaviour, one is more likely to copy it. If there are no negative effects ( e.g. victim accepts the force, with entry ) , so the behavior will probably go on. Oftentimes, force is transmitted from coevals to coevals in a cyclical mode. Harmonizing to Faith St Catherine of the Women ‘s Resource and Outreach Centre in Jamaica,“ there is a civilization of maltreatment, particularly among the interior metropolis hapless… ” Surveies have found that about one half of opprobrious work forces grew up in places where their male parent or measure male parent was an maltreater. An environment where force is either taught, by illustration, or accepted as “ normal ” will form upon a kid ‘s mind. For case, a immature male child may see his male parent come place from work rummy and angry, shouting at his female parent. He watches his female parent effort to delight and pacify his male parent ‘s bibulous behavior. The immature male child is being taught that force gets consequences. He is developing his ain thoughts about what makes a adult male.
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Drug and/or intoxicant maltreatmentmay be a precursor to domestic force. Substance maltreatment leads to out-of-control behavior. A rummy or high individual will be less likely to command his or her violent urges. However some have argued that maltreaters use drug and intoxicant as an alibi for their action. Yet, intoxicant is an of import hazard factor for spouse maltreatment. Harmonizing to University of the West Indies professor and gender expert in Trinidad, Rhoda Reddock: in Trinidad, many of the most ghastly slayings and sexual force are linked to mental disease brought approximately by drug and intoxicant dependence, severally. Since intoxicant lessenings control and raises the potency for moving on urge, it is non surprising that some feel it can be a accelerator for maltreatment. Often a individual is able to keep control of violent emotions when he is sober, but after a few drinks, he becomes opprobrious. The intoxicant has dulled his marbless and diminished his ability to command his pique.
In the Caribbean or more specifically in Barbados, domestic force is going more and more evident in the society. Domestic force is rarely reported in the island, therefore why the true incidence of domestic force is unknown. In November of 2005, harmonizing to The World Health Organization ( WHO ) one adult female in every three ( 3 ) adult females are reported to be sexually abused during childhood or adolescence. The survey revealed that the most common signifiers of force is meted out by loved 1s. As mentioned earlier, domestic force is besides known to be closely linked with drug and intoxicant maltreatment. Harmonizing to Tessa Chaderton-Shaw, director, of the National Council of Substance Abuse ( NCSA ) ,“ There are many cross-cutting issues with substance maltreatment anddomestic force…“ She besides stated that, “ It can take to isolation, shame, guilt, initial denial, loss of support, low self-pride and a possible for condemnable engagement. ”Peoples so became more cognizant of Domestic Violence in the state, and the consciousness has invariably been turning. Even the Barbados Police Force has taken domestic force under more serious consideration and had devised a strategic program to turn to domestic force and cut down its happening, harmonizing to Sergeant David Wiltshire. Wiltshire said that officers were sent to the United States and England for developing to react to domestic force issues.
- Theories– hypertext transfer protocol: //social.jrank.org/pages/210/Domestic-Violence-Causes-Domestic-Violence.html
- hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domestic_violence # Psychological
- hypertext transfer protocol: //wost201h_domviol.tripod.com/groupactionproject/id4.html
- Suman Kakar– Condemnable Justice Approaches to Domestic Violence ( 1998 ) .
- Rhoda Reddock & A ; Faith St Catherine– hypertext transfer protocol: //www.jamaicaobserver.com/magazines/AllWoman/html/20061203T000000-0500_116180_OBS_CARIBBEAN_FACES_DOMESTIC_VIOLENCE_CHALLENGE_.asp
- Barbados & A ; Domestic Violence– hypertext transfer protocol: //archive.nationnews.com/archive_results.php? mode=allwords & A ; IncludeStories=1 & A ; numPer=20 & A ; start=0 & A ; keyword=Domestic+Violence & A ; smartText