On April 2001, in the demands for international accounting coordination, the International Accounting Standards Board ( refer to IASB in the undermentioned context ) took over its predecessor known as IASC ( Board of the International Standards Committee ) and was dedicated for international accounting criterions scenes. At the first meeting of IASB in London, UK, the chief highlighted statement was that “ any existing criterions issued by IASC would stay being adopted by ISAB until amended or withdrawn and still named as International Accounting Standards ” ( April, 2001 ) , but all new issued criterions thenceforth should be designated as International Financial Reporting Standards ( abbreviate as IFRS ) .
IASC was ab initio established in 1997 by Austrian, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, English and USA and 16 major professional accounting organic structures. After the figure of states are increasing highly fast. Right before the IASC was taken over ; there were in entire 112 states and 153 accounting professional parties involved.
ISAB ‘s first IFRS-1was so issued in June, 2003.
So far, there are 41 IASs which were ab initio issued by IASC from 1993 to 2001 and 9 IFRSs after the replacement.
Structure of IASB
The IASB has a parent independent entity, which called the IFRS Foundation. IFRS Foundation was incorporated as a non-profit organisation in the province of Delaware, although the Board ‘s headquarter is located now in London, UK.
There are 22 legal guardians in the Foundation ( ab initio was merely 19 legal guardians ) . Their occupations are non involved in any scene of IFRSs, which entirely under IASB ‘s duty, but to supervise the work done by IASB, reappraisal effectivity of standard-settings, appoint the council ‘s and board ‘s new members, and do finance by raising financess.
( See Illustration 1. )
Illustration 1 IFRS Structure ( beginning: IFRS Foundation, Who we are, 2011 )
Under IFRS Foundation, there are three subdivisions: IFRS consultative council, IASB and Interpretations Committee who take attention of the standard-setting.
The consultative council has approximative 40 members. Their occupations include supplying any strategic advises to the IASB and informing to the Foundation.
“ The upper degree Monitoring Board approves, appoints the new legal guardians of IASB Foundation and oversees them. Monitoring Board was formatted of public capital market governments by the meeting in Mid-Jan, 2009 ” ( Byatt, 2009 ) .
International Accounting Standards Board
The aim of IASB is “ to put up one whole set of fiscal coverage criterions which is high-qualified, apprehensible, enforceable and internationally acceptable on the footing of clearly articulated rules ” ( IFRS Foundation, 2011 ) .
Until this twelvemonth, there are 15 board members in the IASB. Each member has a vote right. “ But sing fairer on geographical distribution, the figure might spread out to 16 members by July, 2012 harmonizing to foundations proposal ” ( IFRS Foundation, 2010 ) .
By and large talking, their mundane work is to put proficient docket, to project planning, to public the treatment paper, to O.K. new criterions, and to exposure bill of exchanges and readings. In May 2002, the IASB published the concluding version of Preface to International Financial Reporting Standards. In this papers, the Due Process was regulated as following stairss:
identify and reexamine all the jobs and issues that are related to ;
research on different states demands and patterns ;
acquire advices from Advisory Committee, whether to publish the docket ;
organize a consultative squad to supply information of this undertaking ;
print the treatment bill of exchange and garner all the remarks ;
print a exposure bill of exchange approved by at least nine members ;
see the remarks received within the clip of treatment ;
see the demand to keep a hearing and the demand for field trials ;
O.K. the concluding bill of exchange voted by at least nine members ( IASCF,2010 ) .
In in-between 1990 ‘s, PeopleA were moreA criticalA of internationalA accounting criterions, A lessA recognized this. CriticismA focused onA internationalA accounting standardsA gave excessively many picks onA accounting patterns. It harmed the comparison ofA accounting studies, A and therefore would non be contributing to bettering the quality ofA accounting information.
But today, the convergence of IFRS is the tendency, particularly after the new formation of IASB. With great attempts of IASB and of class many other accounting organisations, more and more states join the ground forces to application of IFRS.
In 2006, China has announced the roadmap of convergence of China Accounting Standards and IFRS. Particularly the international fiscal crisis of 2008 is likely to speed up this state of affairs.
In August 2008, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ( SEC ) proposed a Proposed Roadmap for the possible usage of fiscal statement sing how to transition to IFRS from current Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ( U.S. GAAP ) . Finally, if achieved, all US capital markets should publish files under IFRS in 2014. ( SEC, 2008 ) Furthermore, the committee statement in February 2010 reiterated the support of set uping a set of planetary high-quality accounting criterions, developed a work program on following the IFRS, and said that the SEC would do a concluding formal determination on whether to follow the IFRS. ( SEC, 2010 ) At the working degree, the convergence of FASB and IASB for rapid procedure is on agenda.
In December 2009, Japan Financial Service Agency officially released the roadmap on acceptance of IFRS, supplying a dependable model for portion of voluntary companies ‘ early uses of IFRS. Around 2012, Japan will besides do a concluding determination on whether to coerce all the companies use IFRS by the terminal of 2016. ( FSA, 2009 )
Apparently, the convergence ofA international accounting standardsA has becomeA the consensus ofA the worldA and isA transformed intoA practical actions.
However, based on economic, political, and cultural backgrounds, the acknowledgment on current international accounting criterions would still change grades. The different degrees of economic development would be a major restraint factor.