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The Age of the Puritans (1625-1660)

English civil war
War during the Puritan age

Pilgrim’s Progress by Bunyan
England’s greatest allegory

Paradise Lost by Milton
England’s greatest epic

Charles 1
Reigning monarch during Puritan age

Couplet
George Herbert used the _____ in his anagram poem

Waller
Created the couplet

Herbert
Known for his saintly life and intense devotion to God

The Collar
Poem about transformation from rebellion to submission

The Anniversary
Poem about the eternal love of a couple

The Now
Poem that describes the importance of the past and present

John Milton
Greatest poet of the time and second greatest writer in English lit

John Milton
Wrote Paradise Lost

John Bunyan
Wrote Pilgrim’s Progress

Oliver Cromwell
Led the Roundheads

To the Virgins, to make much of time
“Gather ye rosebuds while ye may, Old Time is still a-flying”

Robert Herrick
Used “Carpe Diem”

To Althea, from Prison by Lovelace
“Stonewalls do not a prison make, nor iron bars a cage”

To Lucasta, going to the war by Lovelace
“I could not love thee (deare) so much, lov’d I not honor more”

Metaphysical poets
Expressed devotional themes and emphasized the complexities and contradictions of life in their poetry

The Bait by Donne
A response to Marlowe’s “passionate shepherd” poem

Metaphysical conceit
Points out an unusual parallel between highly dissimilar element

John Donne
First and greatest of the metaphysical poets

George Herbert
Most important Meta. Poet (saintly life/intense devotion to God)

Wonder
Poem that shows idyllic reflections of spiritual childhood

Thomas Ken
A hymn writer, doxology, and “Now”

23
How many sonnets did Milton write

Lycidas by Milton
England’s greatest pastoral elegy

Marvell
Milton’s assistant, also combines elements of meta. and cavalier poets. Wrote “On Paradise Lost” and “to his coy mistress”

Cavalier poets
Shallow writers of the age

John Donne
Wrote:
The Bait
A Hymn to God the Father
The Anniversary (2 years!)
Reunification
Meditation 17
A Valediction: forbidding Mourning

Meditation 17
“No man is an island, entire of itself”
“Never send to know for whom the bell rolls; it tolls for thee”

Ex. Book and island

A Valediction
Compares his and his wife’s souls to the two points of a compass which are forever joined even though forced apart

George Herbert
Writes about his own anxiety of his relationship with God

The Pulley by Herbert
Expresses mans need for rest

Traherne
Wrote Wonder, reflecting child like spirituality

Traherne
Wrote:
Wonder
On Christmas Day

The Constant Lover
Shows the irony of a mans love for 3 days

Herbert
Wrote some poems in shapes

Robert Herrick
Wrote “To the Virgins, to make much of time”

Waller
Wrote “Go, lovely Rose”

Lovelace
Wrote:
To Althea, from Prison
To Lucasta, Going to the Wars

Herbert
Wrote:
*Anagram
Bittersweet
Love
*The Pulley
Discipline
*The Collar

Vaughan
Combines love of nature with mysticism. Wrote “Friends Departed” and “Peace”

Crashaw
Wrote “An Epitaph”

On his having arrived at the age of twenty three
“How soon hath Time, the subtle thief of youth, stolen on his wing my three and twentieth year!”

In Defense of Books by Milton
Warns about restricting books

The Bait by Donne
“For thou thy self art thine own bait”

The Author’s Resolution in a Sonnet by Wither
“Shall I wasting in despair die because a woman’s fair?”

Suckling
Wrote the constant lover

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