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test 4

Johannes Brahms:
was a close friend of Clara and Robert Schumann.

Composers expressed musical nationalism in their music by
All of these.

Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berlioz and
Robert Schumann

Mendelssohn earned an international reputation, and rekindled an interest in the earlier composer’s music, by conducting the first performance since the composer’s death of:
Bach’s St. Matthew Passion

Which of the following statements is not true?
Chopin was a great orchestrator.

The Erlking (a song by Schubert) uses as a text a poem by
Goethe.

Clara Schumann considered herself primarily
a pianist

Heinrich Heine and Goethe were
Romantic poets

As a youth, Liszt was influenced by the performances of
Niccolò Paganini

A group of art songs organized around a single topic is called a
song cycle

The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz’s
love for the actress Harriet Smithson.

Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as
exoticism.

An art song is a musical composition for
solo voice and piano

The orchestra in the romantic period
was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra.

The rise of the urban middle class led to the
All of these

The Erlking, in Schubert’s song of that name, is a romantic personification of
death.

This composer called his operas “music dramas. “
Wagner

Which of the following statements is not true of the piano in the early romantic period
The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period.

The librettos to The Ring of the Nibelung were written by:
Richard Wagner.

A romantic composer who earned his living as a touring virtuoso was
Franz Liszt.

Wagner used something called leitmotifs in his operas. These were
signature tunes that represent characters, places, and things in the opera.

A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as
rubato.

Verdi mainly composed his operas
to entertain a mass public.

An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to _____ musicians.
100

An important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the
piano

Which of the following statements is not true
Romantic musicians usually composed to execute a commission or meet the demands of an aristocratic or church patron.

Liszt created the _________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
symphonic poem

Which of the following statements about Chopin is not true?
He made a living by doing concert tours and performing his own music and that of Liszt

Dvorák “found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school” in the
African American spirituals

Most of Chopin’s pieces
are exquisite miniatures.

When the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem the form is known as
strophic

Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony is unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the idée fixe.
true

Chromatic harmony is
the use of chordal structures that contain tones that do not belong to the basic scale

Clara Wieck was
All of these

A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and night time, is the
nocturne.

Instrumental music that is associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene is called _______ music.
program

Because of the French Revolution and the _____________, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras, and “composers in residence. “
Napoleonic Wars

The form of The Erlking is
through-composed.

The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and
Heinrich Heine

Which of the following statements is not true?
Fascination with the melodies, rhythms, and colorful materials from distant lands is a romantic trend known as musical nationalism.

Which of the following is not an early romantic composer?
Mozart

The word __________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text.
lied

When music conservatories were founded, women
were at first accepted only as students of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition.

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