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Romantic Flash Cards

A song form in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of text is called:
strophic

a song structure that is composed from beginning to end without repetition of whole sections is called:
through-composed

a song form where the main melody is repeated for two or three stanzas but has new or significantly varied material introduced when the text requires it is called:
modified strophic

the german term for the art song is:
lied

a german-texted song with piano accompaniment that sets a short lyric poem is called:
a lied

_____ is NOT an important composer of nineteenth-century Lieder.
Heinrich Heine

A group of lieder unified by some narrative thread or a descriptive or expressive theme is called:
a song cycle

which of the following was NOT a typical theme of Romantic Lied?
praise of the Virgin Mary

the favorite romantic poets for the composers of lieder were:
Goethe and Heine

The favorite subjects for the romantic poets were:
love, longing, and nature

schubert was born in.
Vienna

Schubert organized evening gatherings of artists, writers, and musicians, called:
Schubertaids

Schubert lived a tragically short life but was a remarkably prolific composer of:
all of the above

in which genre is Schubert NOT indebted to Classical traditions?
lied

approximately how many songs did schubert compose?
more than 600

schubert wrote several song cycles, including:
Winter’s journey

Schubert’s songs Elfking was a setting of the ballad written by:
Goethe

In which form is the Lied Elfking?
through-composed

Which of the following is true of Schubert’s Elfking?
all of the above

in Schubert’s Elfking, the obsessive triplet rhythm of the piano accompaniment represents:
the galloping of the horse

Which musical devices help to portray the child’s terror in Elfking?
high range and dissonance

The composer who founded the New Journal of Music was:
Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann’s wife, Clara, was:
all of the above

Robert Schumann ended his career and life:
in an asylum, the result of mental illness

Schumann’s A Poet’s Love is a:
song cycle

Robert Schumann’s A Poet’s Love is set to texts by:
Heinrich Heine

Which of the following does NOT describe Schumann’s A Poet’s Love?
it tells a detailed story of a lost love

Schumann’s “In the lovely month of May” is from which song cycle?
a Poet’s Love

What is the form of “in the lovely month of may”?
strophic

which of the following does NOT describe Schumann’s “In the Lovely Month of May”?
it ends with harmonic resolution

The most important keyboard instrument of the Romantic period was:
the piano

Which of the following was NOT a technical improvement in the nineteenth-century piano?
A second keyboard was added

The short, lyric piano piece is the instrumental equivalent of:
the song

Titles such as Prelude, Impromptu, and Intermezzo are used for:
short, lyric piano pieces

nineteenth-century composers of the short, lyric, piano piece included:
all of the above

Which composer is known as “The Poet of the piano”?
Frederic Chopin

Chopin is considered to be the national composer of:
Poland

Chopin spent most of his productive life in:
Paris

With which famous novelist did Chopin become romantically involved?
George Sand

Chopin is credited with creating:
the modern piano style

What nineteenth-century composer’s entire output centered around the piano?
Chopin

Chopin primarily composed for which type of venue?
salon or drawing room

Which of the following did NOT characterize salons?
They were generally hosted by wealthy male aristocrats

Which of the following was NOT a genre of music written by Chopin?
symphonies

Which of the following does NOT characterize the music of Chopin?
reserved emotions

Of the following, which type of piano work has a spacious form?
ballade

What is the origin of the mazurka?
a Polish peasant dance

Which of the following does NOT characterize Chopin’s Mazurka in B-flat Minor, Op. 24, No.4?
standard A-B-A form

the term tempo rubato means:
borrowed time

The term tempo rubato, associated with Chopin’s music, means that the performer should:
take liberties with the tempo

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was discouraged from pursuing a career as a composer because:
she was a women

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel output is dominated by:
lieder and piano music

Who composed the piano cycle entitled The Year?
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel

Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year is a cycle fr:
piano

The manuscript for Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s September: At the river, from the Year, has poetic lines by:
Johann Wolfgang von goethe

the form of Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s September: at the river, from the year, is:
A-B-A’

How does Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The year reach a level of achievement beyond her brother Felix?
It is a large-scale work unified by musical and extra-musical links

which of the following describes the music in America during the early nineteenth century?
music was largely imported from Europe.

Which of the following characterizes the published devotional music in America during the nineteenth century?
simpler notation for people lacking music literacy

which nineteenth-century American composer is best remembered for his popular ballads and minstrel show tunes?
Stephen Foster

Which of the following was NOT composed by Stephen Foster?
When Johnny Comes Marching Home

The form of Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is:
strophic

Foster’s Jeanie with the light brown hair is:
a love song

Who was the first internationally acclaimed American composer of classical music?
Louis Moreau Gottschalk

Instrumental music endowed with literary, philosophical, or pictorial associations is called:
program music

which of the following compositions is LEAST likely to be an example of program music?
String quartet in B-Flat major

music written for plays, generally consisting of an overture and a series of pieces to be performed between acts, is called:
incidental music

had movies been in vented in the nineteenth century, to which genre of program music would film soundtracks be most similar?
incidental music

A multimovement programmatic work for orchestra is called
a program symphony

A piece of program music for orchestra in one movement that, through several contrasting sections, develops a poetic idea or suggests a scene or mood is called:
a symphonic poem

who was the first composer to use the term symphonic poem?
Liszt

Which of the following is NOT a type of orchestral program music?
concerto

Which composer is considered the first great exponent of musical Romanticism in France?
Berlioz

Hector Berlioz was born and spent most of his career in:
France

Which of the following is NOT characteristic of the music of Berlioz?
it relies on traditional forms

of the following, which is NOT an orchestral work by Berlioz?
italian Symphony

Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique is an example of:
a program symphony

How many movements are in Berlioz’s “Symphonie fantastique”?
five

Which of the following inspired Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique?
the actress Harriet Smithson

Which of the following is NOT true of Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique?
the program deals entirely with nature

In Berlioz’s symphonie fantastique, the Idee Fixe:
all of the above

In Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique, what is the Idee fixe?
the basic theme of the symphony, heard in all movements

The Dies irae is:
a chant from the Mass for the Dead

Nationalistic composers expressed their nationalism by:
employing native songs and dances in their works

Nationalism can be seen in all of the following EXCEPT:
Chopin’s waltzes

who was the first bohemian composer to achieve international prominence?
smetana

who composed the opera the bartered bride?
smetana

smetana’s my country is;
a set of six symphonic poems

the moldau represents:
all of the above

what scene is depicted in smetana’s the moldau?
all of the above

edvard grieg is a composer from:
Norway

grieg’s incidental music for Peer Gynt was written for a play by:
henrik ibsen

of the following, which does NOT characterize grieg’s morning mood from Peer Gynt?
prominent roles for a solo trumpet and trombone

Grieg’s “In the Hall of the Mountain King” from “Peer Gynt” is unified by a recurring:
theme

which of the following is a Finnish nationalist composer?
Jean Sibelius

The Mighty Five were composers from:
Russia

Musorgsky’s Pictures at an Exhibition is an example of:
program music

Which of the following is NOT a famous Russian ballet based on folklore?
Prokofiev’s Romeo and Juliet

Of the following, which is NOT a type of absolute music?
the symphonic poem

A large-scale work in several movements for solo instrument’s and orchestra is called:
a concerto

of the following, who did NOT write a major concerto in the Romantic era?
Schubert

What is the typical number of movements found in a concerto?
three

a fanciful solo passage in an improvisational style that is interpolated into a concerto movement is called:
a cadenza

Of the following, which does NOT describe symphony composition in the Romantic era?
composers wrote more symphonies than their classical counterparts

by the romantic era, concerts had moved from:
the aristocratic palace to the public concert hall

of the following, who wrote more than seven symphonies?
Haydn

How many movements are in a typical symphony?
four

the first movement of a symphony is usually in ___ form/
sonata-allegro

which movement of a symphony is traditionally the slowest?
the second movement

which form found in symphonies is most likely to be strongly rhythmic and dance like?
scherzo

The scheme of a traditional symphony is
fast-slow-dance-fast

Of the following, which did Brahms pursue in his younger years?
all of the above

which young composer did Robert and Clara Schumann take into their home?
Brahms

Brahmns was described as a “young eagle” by
Hector Berlioz

Brahms maintained a lifelong close relationship with:
Clara Schumann

Brahms wrote no symphonies until he was past the age of forty, in par because he was in awe of the symphonies of:
beethoven

Brahms wrote____ symphonies
4

of the following, who as a prolific composer of Lieder?
Brahms

Brahms is often described as a ___ because of his use of forms of the classical masters/
traditionalist

which of the following does NOT characterize Brahm’s symphony No.3?
programmatic images

the structure of the third movement of Brahm’s sumphony no.3 is:
ternary

which of the following best describes the style of the third movement of Brahm’s symphony no. 3?
a melancholic waltz

the opening theme of the third movement of Brahm’s symphony No.3 is first played by the:
cellos

Of which national school of composition is Dvork a representative?
Czech

Which position did Dvorak hold during his years in America
director of the National Conservatory of Music in New York City

Dvorak wrote his New World symphony while living in:
the United States

Dvorak’s symphony No.9 is subtitled:
from the new world

Dvorak’s symphony No.9 was inspired by.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s Song of Hiawatha

While teaching in America, the bohemian composer Antonin Dvorak developed a particular fondness for:
spirituals

the Afro-American symphony was written by:
William Grant Still

Of the following, who was NOT an african -american composer?
Antonin Dvorak

National styles of opera developed in:
all of the above

Which of the following was not a prominent female opera singer in the nineteenth century
Clara Schulmann

Which of the following countries was NOT a leading opera center in the nineteenth century?
England

What nineteenth-century opera singer was known as the swedish nightingale?
Jenny Lind

Of the following, which woman was a successful composer as well as a successful opera singer?
Louise Bertin

Italian comic opera is called:
opera buffa

who composed The Barber of Seville and the overture to William Tell?
Rossini

The term bel canto refers to:
a style of singing that features agility and purity of tone

which of the following as a widely loved nationalist opera composer?
Verdi

La Scala, the famous opera house where Verdi’s operas were preformed, is in:
Milan

Verdi’s opera Nabucco was hugely popular in Italy because it:
was interpreted as a symbol of Italian independence

of the following, which opera is NOT by verdi?
carmen

which verdi opera was commissioned for performance in Cairo to mark the opening of the sues Canal?
Aida

What was Verdi’s last opera, completed at age eighty?
Falstaff

The librettist for Verdi’s Rigoletto was:
Piave

Who was the source of Verdi’s inspiration for Rigoletto?
Victor hugo

Of the following, which does NOT characterize verdi’s “La donna e mobile” from Rigoletto?
it has contrapuntal orchestral accompaniment

the ensemble that follows “La Donna e mobile: in Act III of Rigoletto is a:
quartet

who dies at the end of Rigoletto?
Gilda, Rigoletto’s daughter

of the following, which does NOT characterize Singspiel?
it featured elaborate recitatives and arias

which compose has been considered to be the single most important phenomenon in the artistic life of the latter half of the nineteenth century?
Wagner

In addition to composing music Wagner was an important
writer

Wagner’s first operatic success was a grand opera entitled:
Rienzi

Wagner chose to base his stories on:
idealized fold legends

Wagner’s cycle of four music dramas is called:
The ring of the nibelung

a special theater was built at ____ for the presentation of Wagner’s music dramas
Bayreuth

Which characteristic of traditional opera did Wagner eliminate?
separate arias

What composer created the music drama
wagner

Why did Wotan deprive Brnnhildle of her immortality and leave her sleeping inside a ring of fire?
because she, overcome with compassion, attempted to save Siegmund’s life in battle

Wagner called his operas
music dramas

the concept of total artwork in which all the arts- music, poetry, drama, visual spectacle- are fused together is called:
Gesamtkunstwerk

The principal themes in Wagner’s operas, which recur throughout a work and carry specific meanings, are called:
Leitmotifs

What composer’s musical language was based on chromatic harmony?
wagner

the emotional quality of wagner’s music is heightened by the use of:
chromatic dissonance

the librettest for wagner’s music drama was:
the composer himself

In the ring cycle, who is the father of the gods?
Wotan

who are the Valkyries in Wagner’s Ring of the Nibelung?
the nine daughters of Wotan

in the orchestral prelude to Act III of Wagner’s die Walkure, the ride theme is primarily played by:
brass

which of the following does NOT characterize the music for ACT III, scene 1 of Die Walkure?
the orchestra plays a subordinate role

in Act III, scene 1 of Die Walkure, what are the Valkyries carrying on their horses?
fallen heros

why did Wotan deprive Brunhilde of her immorality and leave her sleeping inside a ring of fire?
because she, overcome with compassion, attempted to save Siegmund’s life in battle

Operas with exotic plots:
look to far-away lands for inspiration

which of the following operas is NOT an example of exoticism?
Mozart’s the Marriage of Figaro

In the last decades of the nineteenth century, composers fell under the influence of or reacted against
Wagner

Which of the following statements is NOT true about Romantic choral music
Only professional singers participated in nineteenth-century choruses

Of the following, who did not make a major contribution to choral literature
Fredric Chopin

Which of the following choral forms was NOT originally intended for performance in church?
part song

Which of the following descriptions best characterizes a part song?
a short, secular song for three or four voice parts

Of the following, which characterizes Verdi’s Requiem Mass?
The Requiem was dedicated to the memory of the poet Manzoni.

The ____________ is the most powerful part of the Requiem Mass.
Dies irae

Which of the following does NOT characterize the Libera me: Dies irae section of Verdi’s Requiem?
understated emotions

The solo voice begging for deliverance in the Libera me: Requiem aeternam section of Verdi’s Requiem is:
a soprano.

The two principal centers of nineteenth-century ballet were France and:
Russia

What Russian figure played a crucial role in the development of twentieth-century ballet?
Diaghilev

The development of Russian ballet was stimulated by the great choreographer ____________ in 1847.
Marius Petipa

Who was Tchaikovsky’s principal patron?
Nadezhda von Meck

Which of the following Russian composers was famous for his ballets?
Tchaikovsky

Which of the following is NOT a ballet by Tchaikovsky?
Eugene Onegin

Which great Russian choreographer wrote the scenario for The Nutcracker?
Petipa

Tchaikovsky’s Nutcracker is based on a story by:
E. T. A. Hoffmann.

Tchaikovsky’s fanciful ballet about a child’s Christmas gift and dreams of exotic people and places is:
The Nutcracker.

The keyboard instrument featured in the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy, from The Nutcracker, is:
the celesta.

The trepak is a folk dance from:
Russia

The post-Romantic era lasted from approximately:
1890-1910.

What name is given to the twentieth-century composers who continued the Romantic tradition?
post-Romantic

The movement that, along with post-Romanticism, ushered in the twentieth century was known as:
Impressionism

The leading composer of Italian opera in the late-Romantic era was:
Puccini

The late-Romantic Italian opera tradition was characterized by a movement toward realism called:
verismo

Which of the following composers does NOT represent the Italian verismo style?
Verdi

Verismo was a late-Romantic movement in opera which sought to:
pick subjects from everyday life and treat them realistically.

Which of the following operas is NOT by Puccini?
Pagliacci

Puccini’s Madame Butterfly ends:
tragically

Puccini’s Madame Butterfly is:
a tragic tale of a Japanese geisha and a U.S. naval officer.

At the close of the opera Madame Butterfly, the title character:
kills herself with a samurai dagger.

Which of the following exotic elements can be heard in the opera Madame Butterfly?
all of the above

In her aria “Un bel dì,” from Madame Butterfly, Cio-Cio-San sings of:
her wish for her husband to return.

The Japanese shamisen is:
a plucked string instrument.

A Japanese geisha is best compared in Western culture with:
a courtesan

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