It has impacted individuals, organizations and governments offering advantages and disadvantages throughout their existence. This report explores the benefits and constraints of robotic technology present in individuals in the first section. The second section investigates the influence of robots on organizations. Thirdly, it examines how robots welfare’s and complicates the government. Fourthly, a reflection on the future Of robots and what is technology can contribute to civilization.
In the following sections, it uncovers and analyses the expertise ND information systems of robotics and addresses issues of how individuals, organizations and governments can anticipate the innovative machinery and technology of robotics to consume in our lives. A definition of what a robot or what robotic technology will generate a better insight of the characteristics of one, “a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks” (Robot Institute of America, 1979).
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As stated, it clarifies that a robot can e reprogrammable and multifunctional; thus robots are a flexible system and the concept of being altered to meet the conditions that have changed in its environment. Robotics is a term derived from robots and it is defined as “the science of dealing with robots” (Asimov, 1982) ranging from the design to engineering, to programming to manufacturing the components to learning how to utilities and control the robot. Moreover, to fully understand the gains and losses that affect individuals, organizations and governments and to provide analyses feedback; a comprehension of the works of a robot is needed.
The basic mechanisms of a functioning robot are a programming device, controller, power supply, end manipulator and end effecter. All these separate components work in junction to operate and perform tasks. There are two systems that robots in today’s society utilities to control its actions. The system is known as either non-servo or servo. The difference between the two systems is non-servo is the basic option as it runs on a limited cycle classified as an open loop system. Examples of similar cycles are traffic lights, washing machines, and water tap, which perform repetitive jobs with limited movement.
In contrast, rover systems function according to the opposing side of a closed loop system which serves a larger range of abilities including using a manipulator arm, transferring of items and utilizes programming to controls it actions. For example, computer mouse or remote controls on a TV are systems that obey a closed loop system thus giving feedback signals. The foremost differentiation from the two systems is the understanding of its surroundings (Ross and Masters, 2010). The fundamental concepts of robotics have been examined to provide a greater insight to their contributions to the population of the world.
Furthermore, the report will investigate the benefits and limitations of the technology and its impact on separate groups of the population. Benefits & Limitations of Robotics for Individuals Robotic technology has provided households with appliances that have assisted individuals to perform daily tasks such as cleaning. Inventions including robotic pool and vacuum cleaners operate on a closed loop system utilizing a programming function of feedback signals to control the operation of the cleaner. These cleaning devices are present in many households and are adaptable to the characteristics of household life in the 21st century.
As a growing economy, many of the population may not have the time or don’t want to spend their time with the burden of completing household chores therefore computerized apparatuses such as robotic pool cleaners and vacuum cleaners are efficient and effective in fulfilling their duty. Furthermore, in assistance with household duties; surveillance technologies have en handed tremendously over the last decades but no doubt that technology has the same full capacity as a human security (Rumpus, 2014).
An innovative development of a wheeled robot comprises of a microphone, beakers and WebMD to have the ability to watch over households and its activity. It operates via remote connection Of any Internet source and a web- enabled device inclusive of PC, Mac, mobile devices and video game consoles. A readily available gadget on the market serving greatly as a household surveillance device with minimal invasion of privacy yet fulfilling its requirements as precisely close to human actions (Parsons and Carlyle, 1982).
Other applications that robotic technology has benefited humans are the purposes of personal assistance such as handicapped and/or rehabilitation errors. The robotic mobility mechanism has improved a standard quality of life for those who do not have full mobility and dexterity of their limbs and muscles. An example of such technology is the Hybrid Assisted Limb otherwise know as HAL; it is a robotic suit counteracting to muscular gestures from the patient’s in turn to assist the limbs of the suit to move in accordance.
The robotic suit delivers on an individual and organization level to assist singular and business users to assist handicapped persons and work alongside the ageing population to supply an enriched quality of life and independence. Furthermore, alternative applications of medical advances of robotics are prosthetics embracing the unfortunate persons that do not occupy all limbs giving them a sense of life. (Williston, 2013). Over the years, enhancements of prosthetic limbs have discovered the concept of thought-controlled mechanisms as previously it was by muscular gestures, which are limited.
The intuitive technology is another application of robotics consisting Of programming the device prior to each and every individual amputee. Robotics has proven to be a great asset to personal assistance to hose handicapped, rehabilitate or less fortunate and enhance their everyday life (Patriotism, 2009). In contrast, there are limitations in the robotics technology. As with any advancement, nothing is comparable to human interactions and performance. The introduction of robotics into a workplace has not accounted for occupation displacement.
Employees are concerned with their jobs as many industries are utilizing robots to complete their jobs. The problem is that individuals are losing their trades as robots are much more productive and error free (The Economist, 2014). Robotics is independent in its way yet it does require a supply of power and continuous maintenance to be able to constantly function at its full potential. Thus, robots are dependent on human actions to be complying With their needs in order for efficient and effective use of the mechanisms.
With an ageing population, not all humans are knowledgeable of the technological aspects of robots. This limits two billion of the population (WHO, 201 3) who are or will be aged over 60 by 2050. Robotics has been discovered in areas of medical services to aid those handicapped, rehabilitate or less fortunate but heir limited expertise and knowledge of the gadgets does not aid them at all. Benefits & Limitations of Robotics for Organizations Robotics technology has been a key asset in many organizations providing them with mechanisms to be able to keep up with the supply and demand of the market.
Robots are a major participant in various industries including industries, agriculture, emergency services, nuclear energy, mining, and space and ocean exploration. Some of the beneficial attributes of robotics that contribute to the welfare of organizations consist of improved productivity. Robots have the capacity to instantly produce high level of quality products with rare mistakes; they have exceptional accuracy and for most of the times can work with minimal supervision.
In addition, their capabilities are much more than humans as they able to operate without needing break time or holidays contributing to an efficient and effective productivity. The use of robots support the economic growth in the 21st century as productivity of robotics is so much greater than human operations; it is necessary for manufacturing firms to be able to keep up to date with the technological advancements. Industries utilities robotic functions such as arms to assist them with repetitive and tedious tasks of packing, welding and painting; which produce a high excellence and precise finish in less time than human workers.
Robots have succeeded in manufacturing industries of factories as they can endure the environment of a speedy, accurate and enduring workload. Moreover, robotics performs on a larger application in agriculture means. Their abilities consist of cultivating, seeding to irrigation and harvesting. Their independence permits a resourceful machine to accommodate to a great field f work that humans could not complete alone (The Economist, 2014). Furthermore, in assistance with the growing market for robotics; it has created various careers, which are always in demand.
These occupations vary from robot manufacturers to robot systems engineering to robot technicians and robotics suppliers. Currently, robotics employed personnel in areas of interaction, maintenance, inspection and supervision. With technological advancements in robotics are continuously improving over the years; there is always a definite need for skilled employees contributing to the welfare and economy (Becky, 2008). The beneficial asset of robotics is employing skilled labor thus creating knowledgeable and educated members of society enhancing organizations worldwide.
Robotic exploration is essential to uncovering areas of the world that humans have little or no access to or it is very dangerous for humans to do so. Space and undersea exploration was initially performed by humans by as far as technological advances, inventions of robotic mechanism that have the competence to explore these enormous regions utilizing techniques of navigation and surveillance to continuous supervise the universe and sea. Moreover, dangerous locations of nuclear sites that humans deter from; robots have unlimited access if their structure and programming permits them too (Wang, 201 1).
Robots are a heavy investment to an organization. Their capital initial costs are elevated and organizations will constantly input cash into their development in order to effectively maintain the welfare of their robotic devices. Although, in the long term; it may well be a remuneration as robotics produce a greater quality of products, quite independent when applied in the work environment correctly and will in turn be a better return on investment Han human personnel.
Humans need constant training and development to improve their standard of life and work; in contrast, robotics need successful application and relies on the technical personnel exterior of the organization. Overall, a robot employed in a factory environment in a Western civilization can perform two hundred and sixty days of work of eight-hour days. This accumulates to $4. 32 hourly cost. In comparison, human skilled labor may amount to $25 an hour (Financial Times, 2013). The cost difference portrays that Western societies have the option to finance robotics into the workforce hush saving expenses in the long term.
As well, there is the complication of skilled labor outsourced to developing nations so utilizing robotics in a firm can bring the ideal back that the product is made in the home country. This creates ownership and superior quality due to the manufacturing firm has more control in its own country than overseas market. In Australia, 85% of robots aren’t working in the auto industry, initially was its primary market. In present times; robots have evolved into work on dock sites which a generic robot costing companies $35 000 annually to perform its operations (Ho, 2014)
The appearance of robotics in the work industries supplies a great range of constraint for both employees and employers. Job displacement is evident in organizations, as they need for assembly line workers and simpler tasks are diminishing the need for workers with technical expertise are increasing (The Economist, 2014).. The impact of robotics emergence in the several work industries will affect workers with less skills and education, as robots are cap able of completing their duties at a much more efficient and effective rate.
Thus, it inevitable that jobs with a less set of skills and knowledge will be lost. There are features of robotics that can limit its effectiveness and performance within an organization. A robot is designed and built once so its programmed once in its life; thus to change or upgrade its configurations may be difficult. An organization’s need to constantly adjust and adapt to the market and may need to alter their equipment and technology to better suit their level of productivity.
Organizations may not have the funds to constantly purchase new set of robotics every time a market changes; the technological attributes of robots must definitely fit the business structure and size of the organization. Furthermore, physical attributes can affect organizations as well; the size, shape, power supply and working environment are all important factors of a robot and contribute to the level of performance. In addition, computerized resources including the on-board computer, memory and storage space of the robot also contribute to the overall functioning of the device.
Thus space and expertise are essential for the successful implementation of robotics within a workforce. In conjunction, employees may not be susceptible to the ideal of robotics within the work environment once may cause disruption and unacceptable. Military robots are present in today’s defense systems worldwide. The benefits of utilizing military robots instead of soldiers are tremendous and include the preservation of human life. Military robots can withstand much more damage and attack from the opponent than a human soldier.
A robotic device can be replaced if heavily damaged as opposed to homo-sapiens. Whenever a robot is shut down or shot down, a new one is simply created in its spot (Military robots, 201 1). They also do not hold an emotional characteristic thus are at an advantage to humans. In addition, they can access areas that pose a risk to humans including active war zones and enclosed spaces. They’re physical and mentally stronger than humans therefore making them weather resistant, ability to handle terrains that humans cannot and ability to transport heavy machinery and equipment to desired location without trouble.
Technology is a two way street thus there are constraints of exercising robotic technology within the government. It’s still an innovative development and humans do not have full capabilities of it. There is an ongoing concern that robotics could possibly be lost to technology and humans are no longer the period race. This implication can be due to malfunction, mistreatment or misuse and there is no standardized law or regulation for manufacturers, designers and engineers to comply and no one is held responsible when an occurrence does unfold.
Moreover, robots are flexible in its mobility and operations; robotics is not as flexible as the science of the tech oenology. The initial development requires the designer and engineer to program the robot; this means they can add every possible scenario and situation into a robot thus meaning a robot is preprogrammed to do what its meant to do in that scenario. It is limited in the sense that it cannot determine between what is right and wrong, lack of awareness of its environment, consequently could fail in the aspect when there is a change to its norms.
Ultimately, humans do not have complete control over robotics as it is still an upcoming technology and it’s a continuous learning experience for the whole population. There is the opportunity that robots can deter from human interactions and their preprogrammed brain may deter from humans and have their own perceptions thus having freedom. The possibility is inevitable and has raised issues of once throughout the decades of robotics. Other limitations of robotics in the government are common actions controls.
With all technology, there is a risk apparent; hence robotics is not protected from this ideal. Robotics communication is controlled usually via a wireless connection. A wireless connection is not secure all the time. For example, if a robot is using radio signals to command its actions; this signal may be blocked, intercepted and/or altered to change its original course of action. Thus again; which of the creators of the mechanism would take responsibility for the malfunction.
The constraint is there is no responsibility taken if a robot does not serve its purpose; malfunctions are bound to happen; yet there is no clear regulation or guideline asserting what the follow-up course of action is (The Economist, 2014). Moreover, another limitation of robotics within a government is the high capital investment of obtaining them. Robots are expensive, they require skilled labor to correctly design, manufacture and program them in order for an effective implementation and usage throughout.
The Australian government have deterred from funding its budget to defense sectors due to only 0. 05% of the taxpayers money is being allocated to national security (Australian Government, 2014). The Australian government have not entered the robotics market as predominantly as other nations. The united States defense expenditure accumulates to 57% of their budget (Whitehorse, 2014). The defense expenditure covers the continuous training and development of their nation’s security armies, navies and aviation but also robotics. The future of robotics is dependent on Generation Y and Z.
Generation are the current engineers, designers, manufacturers and programmers and tangentially will encourage technological acceleration and advancement as automation in their life is very dominant and reducing technology in today’s society life is challenging. Generation Z are born into a world where technology is part of their everyday life, they are met with devices and mechanisms at a very young age and are dependent on it. From my understanding, believe that robotics will eventually disperse into everyone’s life. It is present in so many domains that we are bound to encounter one.
Although robotics can aid us on an individual, organizational and government level; suggest than scientists concentrate on businesses ND policymakers. The reason for this is due to no regulatory body that places laws and legal issues upon robotics. Any market that isn’t regulated; it can cause disruption economically and politically. Know there are institutes and parties that are interested in the development Of the robots but there isn’t a clear parry that helps set out guidelines to the population of what is acceptable and what is not.
Moreover, it’s a state of the art technological advancement thus limited expertise and knowledge but they are feedback from users of several versions of robotics and from various perspectives to id an insight of previous implementation of robotics in the field and its constraints. It is evident that technology is continuously developing and to achieve maximum satisfaction for the population, organization and governments need to analyses previous adoption of robotics into the field. Experience of previous implementation of robotic technology into the workforce has given great feedback and insight how the employees and managers interact and feel about the technology” (Hickman, Lolled, 1975). Robots date back to the sass and have benefit and limit the population in various ways. The future is known but there is substantial endeavourers to accomplish to succeed in robotic technology development. The future opportunities of robotics are emerging with limitless prospects of what technology can provide for individual users.
A contemporary application Of robotics in an individual’s life is medical services such as surgery. It is still a ground-breaking expansion from the traditional manner of performing operations yet it has displayed some beneficial indicators including precision and less invasion of privacy. Physical aids of robotics incorporating software and hardware to perform small incision wounds therefore quick surgery time yet an effective operation reduces the risk of surgeon fatigue, less blood, less trauma, less pain thus less time spent in hospital giving them a better quality of life.
Besides the positive effects of robotic surgery, robots have permitted medical services to be easily accessed for those with limited resources and time. As medical staff comprising of doctors, surgeons and nurses are in demand; robots aid this by their presence and performing simple tasks instead of medical staff. It is still in the process of being developed and released throughout the world but it ay be something Of the future. It’s a global phenomenon in healthcare. Another practical application of robotics in individuals is the concept of household robots.
At the moment, some of the mechanisms that assist with daily household tasks are vacuum cleaners, pool cleaners, and lawn mowers. They’re independent devices that don’t require much human supervision. The future of robotics to perform other household duties are currently developing; Japan and Korea have attempted to input robots throughout several homes. Scientists have devised a device that mops, iron, clean due to TTS state-of-the-art technology of three-dimensional visual aids to guide the robot effectively. It will take any decade for the robot to become mass produced and available on the market.
Humans may prepare themselves for a life With limited household duties. Development of individual robotic technology especially for households is not as productive as organizational or government progress. The market is not as dominant and individuals do not have the same level of capital that larger corporations do to invest innovation into household users. A market that has accelerated over the last decade is the development Of smartness and tablets. The entertainment sector of robotics is limited in its products and resources.
There is a general interest of the public to seek entertainment products and services daily. Individuals can expect the introduction of robotic devices being incorporated into their social welfare. Another technological aspect of robotics is the future of cloud robotics. Cloud computing is present and succeed in the market. Cloud robotics continues the same concept but the cloud is existent with a network of robotics; having a huge potential in sectors of entertainment, transportation, surveillance, healthcare, education for the individual. The constraints addressed earlier in the report are job displacement.
There is a concern that jobs may be lost to robots. Companies and organizations need to form an agenda to aid workers may they lose their job to transfer their skill set or educate them to another job appropriate. Companies need to learn to adapt as there “is a major shift form production line workers able to program, repair and service the array of workers in any factors may be engineers and technicians and other white collar specialists rather than blue workers” (Donovan, 1990).