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PSY 330: 3 Part Assignment Paper

PSY 330: 3 Part Assignment

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PSY 330: 3 Part Assignment

Part I

All family members undertook the experiment. Five had heavier saliva cotton swabs and two did not. My father, two of my older brothers and my younger brother and sister all had heavy swabs. My mother and I had lighter ones. The difference in weight between the heavier swabs and the light ones was quite significant considering they contained saliva. The heavier swabs outweighed the lighter swabs by three times. Traits are qualities and patterns of behavior exhibited by any human being. These are as expressed by their mental and physical actions and activities as well as attitudes in terms of distinctiveness as well as commonness in several people.

Traits are different from intelligence and temperament since they are behavioral characteristics. Temperament and intelligence are genetic features and moreover are not acquired by choice. Theorists have conducted major researches to prove true of the Big Five theory and its impact in society has been felt considerably. Demarcations have been made in the world demographic and the five major traits have become the major descriptors for people. The empirical support backing the theory is massive with studies and experiments conducted in the world proving that these are indeed the principle traits amongst the global populace. Criticisms have also been made about the theories including critiquing the limited nature of the investigation scope, the methodologies used and the theoretical status of the research carried out. Following this, the findings are considered by critics as invalid and having insufficient scientific strength (Matthews, Deary & Whiteman, 2003).

Part II

The theory describes the mate selection process under two approaches, the social structural and evolutionary approaches. The evolutionary approach is said to favor behaviors that are mediated through evolved characteristics. The social structural approach on the other hand is guided by expectations of gender roles and cultural exchanges. Buss’s theory is linked to evolution in the sense that he states that certain emotions linked to the mate selection of human beings like jealousy are relayed across various generations. For instance, a great grandfather, a grandfather, father and son would have certain similar tastes and strategies in acquiring women.

Buss theorizes that there is a great difference in mate selection preferences and procedures between the past and the present. He states that the criteria for selecting a suitable mate that existed in the past have transformed greatly and become more advanced and covering greater scopes presently. For instance, in the past, a man looked for a fertile woman capable of producing a strong offspring while a woman sought for a male best suited for her reproductive requirements. Today men look for other elements besides strong genes and women too have extended their requirements beyond good reproductive practices. Personally, I hold the position that the mate selection process is inherited. My experience involving the choosing a good quality partner has evidenced a pattern where I tend to access prospective individuals through considering traits exhibited by my parent. It is rather unconscious, as one has no control over it (Crawford & Krebs, 1998).

3. David Buss Biography

Outline

1. Introduction

2. Birth, family, early education and childhood

3. Influences as a child

4. Dreams, obstacles, challenges and struggles

5. Life turning point

6. Research and works

a). The Evolution Of Desire: Strategies Of Human Mating

b). Dangerous Passion: Why Jealousy Is As Necessary As Love and Sex

c). The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology

d). The Murderer Next Door: Why the Mind Is Designed to Kill

e). Why Women Have Sex: Understanding Sexual Motivations from Adventure to Revenge

g). Sex, Power, Conflict: Evolutionary and Feminist Perspectives

7. Impact of the research

8. Retirement, death and legacy

Annotated Bibliography

Buss D. M. (2005). The handbook of evolutionary psychology. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons. The book offers a discourse on the evolutionary psychology theory. It discusses the human mind, its structure and reasons for the specific design. The publication also highlights recent discoveries in the psychological field and the foundations that make it. Topics like survival, mating, group living, parenting, kinship, and others will be helpful for the argument. The book also contains discussions of the psychological concept in context of medicine, law and culture, offering an extensive approach to the essay.

American Psychological Association. (2000). The American psychologist. New York, NY: American Psychological Association. The book includes the proceedings of the association and discussions regarding the evolutionary theory that Buss formulated. The analysis will enhance balance within the discussion.

H.W. Wilson Company. (2006). Current biography yearbook. New York, NY: H.W. Wilson Company. The book contains biographical information about David Buss. His life, birth, education, family, work, legacy, significance and his death are all discussed in the book. His work in the fields of behavioral sciences is also highlighted. The will be significant to the outlined discussion sections.

Thompson, C. (1999). Current Biography Yearbook. New York, NY: H. W. Wilson Company. The book also contains biographical information about David Buss. Relevant information about most of Buss’ major works is defined in the book. This will offer significant information for investigation purposes in the discussion.

Wilson, E. O. (1986). Nature humaine et evolution bio-culturelle: autour des theses de Joseph Lopreato. France: Librairie Droz. Wilson presents an informative analysis of Buss’ theory in terms of the evolution strategy. With the various standpoints given, the publication will be helpful in appraising Buss’ position and the reliability of the given premise as offered by other theorists.

References

American Psychological Association. (2000). The American psychologist. New York, NY: American Psychological Association.

Buss D. M. (2005). The handbook of evolutionary psychology. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons.

Crawford, C. B. & Krebs, D. (1998). Handbook of evolutionary psychology: ideas, issues, and applications. New York, NY: Routledge.

H.W. Wilson Company. (2006). Current biography yearbook. New York, NY: H.W. Wilson Company.

Matthews, G., Deary, I. J. & Whiteman, M. C. (2003). Personality traits. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

Thompson, C. (1999). Current Biography Yearbook. New York, NY: H. W. Wilson Company.

Wilson, E. O. (1986). Nature humaine et evolution bio-culturelle: autour des theses de Joseph Lopreato. France. Librairie Droz.

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