birth date of emily dickinson:
december 10, 1830
date of death of emily dickinson:
may 15, 1886
how did emily die?
from bright’s disease – kidney failure
where did she live her whole life?
emily’s relationships with family?
dad – admired his “pure and terrible” heart, he encouraged her education (but not “crazy” books)
mother – “was never a mother”, became close with mother after she had a paralyzing stroke
older brother, austin: close, humor, learning, competetive
little sister, vinnie: close, shared secrets, protected privacy
dickinson’s educational journey:
went to amherst academy and then went to mount holyoke female seminary for only one year, returned home and educated herself
dickinson’s religious issue:
she felt pressured to join a church but felt doubt and eventually stopped going to church services
many of dickinson’s poems discuss/are about:
discuss death and it’s effects/process/etc., herself and her thoughts vs. people around her
when did emily begin writing poetry?
late teens/early 20s
what originally inspired her poems?
sufferings of loss, loneliness, and death
in what year did dickinson’s love move?
who was dickinson’s love?
reverand charles wadsworth – an older married man who dickinson admired and loved
what happened with dickinson’s love and what resulted?
he moved to california and in that year emily wrote 366 poems and began to withdraw from the world
by middle age, dickinson:
stayed in her house/garden and maintained contact with family and friends privately, but she did make an alliance with the neighborhood children
what did emily ask vinnie to do once she died?
burn all of her correspondance from family and friends
emily’s poem publishing journey:
emily died, but vinnie found the poems and persisted to get them pusblished and four years after emily’s death the first volume of her poetry was published
how many poems did dickinson write?
while dickinson was alive, how many of her poems were published?
what does allen tate say about emily’s poems?
even though emily was reclusive, her poems reveal that her life was “one of the richest and deepest ever lived”
during emily’s lifetime, she was (poetry):
what did emily have difficulty with?
having no women’s rights
odd, deep, incorrect spelling/grammar, random, remorse, unusual
death is considered what in emily’s poems?
as kind, polite, caring, “easy-going”.
author’s attitude towards the subject
how i feel when i read it
poem with rythm but no rhyme
poem with no rhythm but rhyme
poem with rhythm and rhyme
a group of lines whose pattern is repeated throughout the poem
2 line stanza form
3 line stanza form
4 line stanza form
5 line stanza form
6 line stanza form
7 line stanza form
8 line stanza form
14 line stanza form
irregular number stanza form
blank or free
rhyme found at end of line
middle word rhymes with end word in a line
first syllables of lines rhyme
masculine similarity of sound
rhyme of one syllable (house, mouse)
feminine similarity of sound
rhyme of more than one syllable (lightening, frightening)
forced rhyme, looks like it would rhyme but it doesn’t (wind, kind)
internal pause in a line (-)
the smallest rhythmic unit in a line of poetry
the number of feet in a line of poetry
comparison using like, as, or than
comparison without using like, as, or than
metaphor throughout the entire poem
goving human traits to a non human object
a contradictory statement that can make a point “war is kind”
words that sound like their meaning
repetition of vowel sounds (a e i o u y) (have to make the same SOUND, not letter)
repetition of consonance sounds (have to make the same SOUND, not letter)
a short poem expressing thoughts of a speaker
rhythmic, compresses language using figures of speech to appeal to the emotions
usually unstressed hints:
articles of speech (a an the), prepositions, pronouns, conjuctions (but not yet so)
usually stressed hints:
one syllable nouns and verbs, 2 syllable words are stressed on first syllable, lines end in stressed syllable
the repetition at the beginning of a line in a poem/speech for effect
an imperfect rhyme, half rhyme, ends in same consonant or vowel sounds
***key aspects of dickinson’s work:
odd style, unusual imagery, untraditional meters, inexact rhymes, grammatical errors, slant formula = ABCB.