-Physical Fitness: the ability of the body to carry out daily physical activities without getting out of breath, sore, or overly tired. -A certain amount of physical activity has been shown to keep you healthy and lower your risk of certain diseases. -Exercise is an excellent way to keeping a high level of activity in your daily life. -Exercise is any physical activity that improves or maintains physical fitness. -Exercise can be set of formal activities or can be informal play. -Stay Active, Stay Alive
-Sedentary lifestyle has been linked to increased risk of developing many illnesses, such as chronic disease. -Chronic disease is a disease that develops gradually and persist over a long period of time. Physical Benefits -Heart and lungs get stronger, allowing more blood and oxygen to circulate in the body. -Blood cholesterol levels are kept within a healthy range, and blood vessels are kept strong and healthy. -Building muscular strength and endurance and also flexibility of our joints makes our muscles more efficient at controlling our movements and protects against injuries.
Mental Benefits -Regular exercise has positive effects on feelings of depression and anxiety. -Exercise helps reduce stress and helps us sleep better. -Exercise releases chemicals called endorphins. -Endorphins give you a feeling of wellness and happiness. Social Benefits -Many people feel increased self-esteem as they exercise. -This feeling is a result of positive body changes that occur because of exercise. -Increased self-esteem lead people to socialize with others more. 5 Components of Health-Related Fitness
-Health-related fitness describes qualities that are needed to maintain and promote a healthy body. 1. Muscular Strength: amount of force that a muscle can apply in a given contraction. -Examples: Lifting a weight Pushing a large piece of furniture 2. Muscular endurance: allow you to carry out tasks that require muscles to remain contracted for a period of time. -Example Cross-country skiing Gymnastics 3. Cardiorespiratory Endurance: the ability of your heart, blood vessels, lungs, and blood to deliver oxygen and nutrients to all of your body’s cells while you are being physically active.
4. Flexibility: the ability of the joints to move through their full range of motion. -Having good flexibility is important because lack of use can cause joints to become stiff. 5. Body Composition: refers to the ratio of lean body tissue (muscle and bone) to body fat tissue. -A healthy body has a high portion of lean body tissue compared to body fat tissue. Skill Developed by Fitness -Skill-related fitness describes components of fitness that are important for good athletic performance. -The six components of skill-related fitness are: -Condition -Balance
-Agility -Power -Speed -Reaction Time Sports and Fitness -A great way to achieve total physical fitness is to get involved in an organized sport. -Organized sports allow improvement of social and communication skills. -Sports are not limited to athletes. -You should consider several things when deciding what sport to complete in. Sports and Competition -Competition takes different forms -Informal games between friends -Competition develops motivation, leadership, and cooperation skills. -Be a good sport -Winning is never an excuse to be inconsiderate or hurtful.
– Be a good loser. Accept that you will win some and lose some. Physical Activity is for EVERYONE -It is never too early for you to develop a healthy lifestyle of lifelong physical activity. -By beginning good habits in your early years, and making a commitment to lifelong activity, you can delay or prevent some of the chronic diseases with growing older. – People who suffer with asthma and diabetes often do not want to take part in physical activity, yet physical activity is always a part of the treatment plan for people who suffer from these diseases.