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Notes on Poetry

Haiku
A Japanise poem writen in three lines; Five syllables, Seven syllables, Five Syllables

Cinquain
A five line poem containing 22 syllables and 5 lines; 2 syllables, 4 syllables, 6 syllables, 8 syllables, 2 syllables

Poetry
A type of literature that express ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form

Point of view in Poetry
Poet: The poet is the author of the poem; Speaker: The speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem

Form
the appearance of the words on the page

Line
a group of words together on one line of the poem

Stanza
a group of lines arranged together

Couplet
2 stanza

Triplet
3 stanza

Quatrain
4 stanza

Sestet
5 stanza

Septet
6 stanza

Septet
7 stanza

Octave
8 stanza

Rhythm
The beat create by the sounds of the words in a poem; Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration, and refrain

Meter
A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllabes; Meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in the poem are arranged in repeating patterns

Foot
unit of meter; a foot can have two or three syllables; Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables

Types of Feet
Iambic- unstressed, stressed; Trochaic- stressed, unstressed; Anapestic- unstressed, unstressed, stressed, Dactylic- stressed, unstressed, unstressed

Kinds of Metrical Lines
amount of foot on a line

Monometer
1 foot on a line

Dimeter
2 feet on a line

Trimeter
3 feet on a line

Tetrameter
4 feet on a line

Pentameter
5 feet on a line

Hexameter
6 feet on a line

Heptameter
7 feet on a line

Octometer
8 feet on a line

Free Verse Poetry
Unlike metered poetry free verse poetry does not have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables

Free Verse Poetry
Does not have rhyme; Free verse poetry is very conversational sounds like someone talking to you

Blank Verse Poetry
Written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does not use end rhyme

Rhyme
Words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds; A word always rhymes with itself

End Rhyme
A word at the end of the line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

Internal Rhyme
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line

Near Rhyme
a.k.a. imperfect rhyme, close rhyme; The words share either the same vowel or consonant sound, But not both

Rhyme Scheme
A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme ( usually end ryhme, but not always); uses the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern

Onomatopoeia
Words that imatate the sound they are naming; Or sounds that imitate another sound

Alliteration
Consonant sounds repeated at the begining of words

Consonance
Similar to alliteration except….; The repeated consonant sounds can be any where in the word

Assonance
Repeated vowel sounds in a line or lines of poetry .(often create near rhymes)

Refrain
A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem

Lyric
A short poem; Usually written in first person point of view;

Lyric
Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene; Do not tell a story and are often musical

Shakesprean Sonnet
A fourteen line poems with a specific ryhme scheme; The poem is written in three quatrains and ends with a couplet

Shakesprean Sonnet
The rhyme scheme is abab,cdcd,efef,gg

Narrative
A poem that tells a story; Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry because the poet needs to establish character and plot

Simile
A comparison of two things using like, as, than terms

Metaphor
A direct comparison of two unlike things

Extended Metaphor
A metaphor that goes several lines or possible the entire length of a work

Implied Metaphor
The comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated

Hyperbole
Exaggeration often used for emphasis

Litotes
Understatement- basically the opposite of hyperbole. Often it is ironic.(sarcastic)

Idiom
An expression where the literal meaning of the expression

Personification
An animal given human-like qualities or an object given life-like qualities

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