The early Christian church had very little power in Europe during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

The Middle Ages span nearly one thousand years.

The art and literature of Ancient Greece and Rome was of little interest to artists and writers in the Renaissance.

Our understanding of the musical culture of ancient civilizations is limited by the few fragments of music that has survived.

Trade flourished in the later Middle Ages when a merchant class arose outside of feudal society.

The Renaissance marks the passing of European society from a predominately secular society to a more sacred one.

Professional women musicians made their mark on society.

Fall of the Roman Empire
The beginning of the Middle Ages is marked by the:

The Roman Catholic Church
During the Middle Ages all power came from which religious organization?

Which secular leader in the Middle Ages promoted a strong, centralized government?

Culture in the Middle Ages was largely shaped by the rise of:

The act of supporting an artistic project, either financially, intellectually, or both, is known as:

Hildegard of Bingen
One woman composer and author who was active in church society in the Middle Ages was:

The main European port of cultural exchange of Eastern luxuries was:

The Crusades
The violent series of events that took place as part of an a temp to capture the Holy Land from the Muslims is known as:

The Virgin Mary
The most idealized woman in Western culture during the Middle Ages was:

The surge in rational, scientific problem solving in the Renaissance is called:

The Americas
During the Renaissance, lands new to the Europeans were discovered, including:

Johannes Gutenberg
One of the major advancements in the Renaissance was the invention of printing, pioneered by:

Musical literacy in the cultivated middle and upper class in Renaissance society is marked by the rise of the musician who plays for the love of music and not professionally, known as a ____ musician.

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Gregorian chant features regularly phrased melodic lines supported by instrumental accompaniment.

The liturgy refers to the set order of services and structure of each service.

Most surviving examples of Gregorian chant are anonymous.

The chants of the church only used the major and minor scale patterns found in later music.

Early notation used neumes, little ascending and descending signs written above the words that suggested the shape of the melodic line.

The two main services for the Roman Catholic church are the daily offices and the mass.

The texts of the Mass service that are specific to a particular feast day are called the Ordinary.

The medieval motet can have a combination of sacred and secular texts.

The Kyrie is not a part of the Mass.

Hildegard’s chant Alleluia, O Virga mediatrix was intended for performance on a feast day for the Virgin.

The text setting in Alleluia, O Virga Mediatrix is mostly syllabic.

A unique feature of Hildegard’s chant is her occasional use of an upward leap of a fifth, lending an expansive feel to the music.

The medieval motet usually features multiple texts occurring simultaneously.

The first type of polyphony was Gregorian Chant.

Responsorial Singing
Music performed with exchanges between soloist and chorus is called:

Perotin and Machuat are two of the main composers.
Which statement about the Notre Dame School is NOT true?

Greek text
The text of the Kyrie has a:

The Proper
The text Alleluia, O Virga mediatrix is from which portion of the Mass?

Her historical writings about the saints.
Hildegard was known for all of the following EXCEPT:

The bottom voice
Which voice in the organum carries the original chant in sustained notes?

The vocal rang in the work Puis qu’on oubli is low, best suited for men’s voices.

Puis qu’on oubli is in triple meter with gently syncopated rhythms.

Puis qu’on oubli has no repeated musical selections.

Instrumental music in the Middle Ages was generally improvised rather than played from notation.

The medieval French chanson can be described as a secular vocal composition set to a courtly love poem.

Secular music
Machuat’s Puis qu’on oubli is best classified as:

This texture of Puis’ qu’on oubli is best described as:

Courtly love
The text of Machuat’s chanson Puis qu’on oubli tells of:

In which poetic form is Machaut’s chanson Puis qu’on oubli set?

A courtier
Machaut is best described as:

The refrain
The repeated text and music heard three times in Machaut’s chanson Puis qu’on oubli is called:

Ars nova
Which era does Puis qu’on oubli exemplify

Mainly upper classes and the aristocracy
Troubadours, medieval poet-musicians from the southern region of France, belonged to:

Political and moral songs along with love songs centered on the idea of “unrequited love”.
The poems of the troubadour and trouvère repertory include:

Devotional services
NOT actively associated with secular music in medieval society:

Guillotine de Machaut
Which composer lived and worked during the Ars Nova

They performed only music written specifically for instruments.
NOT true of medieval instrumentalists:

Loud (haut) instruments
To which category of medieval instruments do the sackbut, crumhorn, cornetto, tabor, and nakers belong?

Poet-musicians in Germany in the Middle Ages were known as:

The recorder, lute, and hammered ducimer all were categorized into which group in the Middle Ages?

The earliest secular songs that have been preserved are in which language?

The crusades
What event inspired Raimbaut to write his famous epic?

One of the earliest examples of secular polyphony comes from:

An ostinato
The lower two voices in Sumer is icumen in sing short repeated ideas known as:

A round
The constant imitation from beginning to end in between the voices of Sumer is icumen in is characteristic of its genre, which is:

The text of Sumer is icumen in celebrates:

Du Fay sometimes used a chant or popular song as the basis for his compositions.

Guillaume du Fay used L’homme armé as a cantos forums in one of his masses.

Palestrina’s Gloria from the Pope Marcellus Mass belongs to the proper, the variable part of Mass celebration.

The Pope Marcellus was written for six voice parts.

The harmony of Palestrina’s Gloria from the Pope Marcellus Mass is best described as full and consonant.

The text of the Gloria in Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass is easily understood, due largely t it’s syllabic nature and Palestrina’s frequent us of homorhythm.

Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass was probably intended for a cappella performance.

During the Renaissance, the Mass was recited and sung in the vernacular (language of the people).

The Virgin Mary
The text of Josquin’s motet Ave Maria…Virgo Serena praises the virtues of:

In which language is Josquin’s motet text written?

Imitative polyphony
The predominant texture in Josquin’s motet Ave Maria…Virgo Serena is:

Each voice sings a different text praising the Virgin Mary
Not true about Josquin’s motet:

In long note values and homoryhthmic texture
How does Josquin provide a contrast in the final two lines of the text. “o Mater Dei, memento mei”?

Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
The sections of the Mass Ordinary:

Only Gregorian chant was used as the fixed melody.
Not true of cantus-firmus technique in the Renaissance:

Monophonic texture and sung in the vernacular.
Not typical of the Renaissance motet:

The Catholic Church’s effort in the early sixteenth century to recapture the loyalty of its followers through a return to true Christian piety is known as the:

Make the words more understandable
Which was a recommendation of the Council of Trent regarding music for the church?

The recording of Susato’s dances features mostly soft (Bas) instruments.

The performance forces for Arcadelt’s madrigal requires is four-voice SATB ensemble.

Arcadelt’s madrigal II bianco e dolce cigno features the melody mostly in the high voice.

Arcadelt uses word painting to portray the images in the poetry of this madrigal.

Arcadelt emphasizes the last line of the poem in the madrigal by not repeating it.

Fair Phyllis features repeated sections with repeated text.

The English madrigal preceded the development of the Italian madrigal by some twenty years.

The principal genres of Renaissance secular music were the chanson and the motet.

The madrigal flourished principally in France.

Women were barred from secular music making in the Renaissance.

Specific instruments to be used were often identified in the musical scores for Renaissance dance music.

Josquin des Prez wrote only sacred Renaissance music.

The Susato dances are examples of which kind of instrumental dance?

Two sections, each repeated AABB
The musical structure of each of Susato’s Three Dances can be described as:

What meter is heard in Susato’s Three Dances?

Which instrument heard in Susato’s Three Dances is a cross between a woodwind and a brass instrument?

Light and pastoral
The mood of Farmer’s madrigal Fair Phyllis can best be described as:

Farmer’s Fair Phyllis is set for ____ voices.

Farmer “paints” the first line of the text, “Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone,” through:

“Up and down he wandered”
At which point in the text of Fair Phyllis does the work change to an imitative texture?

A music printer, a composer, and an instrumentalist
Tielman Susato was well known for his work as:

Arcadelt did not live and work in:

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Music Unit 2. (2017, Dec 12). Retrieved from http://paperap.com/paper-on-music-unit-2/

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