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Muscle Development in Space Essay

Maintaining strong muscles is a big enough challenge on Earth. This is even more challenging while traveling in space. Space travel takes a tremendous amount of time to travel in between places and to perform missions. These times can be years or even generations in the future since astronauts are traveling in a different dimension. For example, one day on Venus would be equivalent to 243 days on Earth. As time moves on everything starts to degrade, including muscles due to zero gravity. Zero gravity is a condition of weightlessnessexperienced in orbit or in free fall.This causes several systems of the body and muscles to relax, as they are no longer fighting the pull of gravity. Astronauts, as soon as weeks to months start to experience long term health effects. Calcium in their bones can start to seep out through their urine. Loss of calcium results in muscle mass loss and weakening of bones. Astronauts are more likely to break bones if they slip or fall while attempting to complete a task. To prevent muscle and bone loss astronauts exercise for about two hours a day in space. Even with exercise, adjusting on Earth after a mission could take months, even years of rehab. This is a problem for astronauts that have very long missions since their bones, even with exercise, will be even harder to repair once they get back to Earth. Also, since their bodies will become frail during the missions, the astronauts will not be able to perform at their best.

A strong mind needs a strong body to be able to handle the tasks given during the mission. In addition, some missions might require to go on different planets with lighter or heavier gravities. The constant changing of gravity on the astronauts will result in even more muscle loss and rehabilitation time. Maintaining strong muscles is a big enough challenge on Earth. This is even more challenging while traveling in space. Space travel takes a tremendous amount of time to travel in betwee…

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