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Meter and Scansion- Poetry

amphibrach
a foot with unstressed, stressed, unstressed syllables
ex- chicago

anacrusis
an extra unaccented syllable at the beginning of a line before the regular meter begins
ex- mine / by the right / of the white / election

amphimacer
a foot with stressed, unstressed, stressed syllables
ex- attitude

catalexis
an extra unaccented syllable at the ending of a line after the regular meter ends (opposite of anacrusis)
ex- Ill tell / you how / the sun / rose

caesura
a pause in the meter or rhythm of a line
ex- Flood-tide below me! II I see you face to face!

enjambment
a run on line, continuing into the next without a grammatical break
ex- Green rustlings, more-than-regal charities
Drift coolly from that tower of whispered light.

Iambic
unstressed – stressed
ex- bal-loon

trochaic
stressed- unstressed
ex- so-da

anapestic
unstressed-unstressed-stressed
ex- con-tra-dict

dactyllic
stressed-unstressed-unstressed
ex- ma-ni-ac

spondaic
stressed-stressed
ex- man-made

pyrrhic
unstressed-unstressed
ex- of the

number of metric feet
monometer
dimeter
trimeter
tetrameter
pentameter
hexameter
heptameter
octometer

types of stanzas
couplet- 2 lines
tercet- 3 lines
quatrain- 4 lines
cinquain- 5 lines
sestet- 6 lines
septet- 7 lines
octet- 8 lines
X lined stanza- 9 or more lines

meter
poetry’s rhythm, or its pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, measured in units of feet

scansion
the analysis of the mechanical elements within a poem to determine meter, feet are marked off with slashes (/) and accented appropriately as stressed or unstressed

stanza
a series of lines in a poem, set apart much as a paragraph would be in an essay or narrative

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