Mesopotamia vs. Egypt Paper
The reason is that Egypt , although following Mesopotamia footsteps n some aspects, was in a deferent area, had deferent people, different mindsets, resources. No two colonization are completely alike; they all have their own quirks and unleashes. While Mesopotamia used cuneiform as a form of writing, Egypt used hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics featured picture symbols standing for words, syllables, or individual sounds, and they were written on papyrus. Mesopotamia carved wedge- shaped symbols into clay tablets; this process is called cuneiform.
Cuneiform is much more simple, less time-consuming, and cheaper In comparison to hieroglyphics. The season for this could be that Mesopotamia and Egyptians had access to different resources: Mesopotamia had vast plains for clay, while Egypt had the Nile River to produce papyrus reed. Also, the reason could be their purposes for writing were different. Cuneiform was ideal for record-keeping, while hieroglyphics were ideal for stories in the pyramids. Mesopotamia and Egypt both had leaders, but the image of each of these leaders is different.
Mesopotamia was made up of city-states, while Egypt was more unladed and centralized. Because of this. Mesopotamia had many kings, and Egypt had one Pharaoh that controlled everything. The Pharaoh decided all punishments, depending on his mood of the day, made all rules, and had control over Egypt, its people, and their activities. He was seen as divine, while the Mesopotamia kings were not. The Mesopotamia kings had control, but they followed Hamburg’s Code of Law. They did not have the ability to control all of the city-states, so each had their own king with his own set-up.
Egypt was more collected, and this Is why the Pharaoh had more control. The kings had to compete with another, while the Pharaoh was the sole leader. While both Mesopotamia and Egypt had social structure with social classes, the setup was different. Egyptian women had more rights and opportunity than Mesopotamia women. Mesopotamia had a patriarchal society, and Egypt did not. This could be, because Egypt was wealthier. Therefore, Egyptian women had opportunities to work outside of the house and farms. Egyptians had less of a need for slavery than Mesopotamia.
Cuneiform records show slavery as a huge for in economy and labor. The Mesopotamia had to maintain the Tigris and Euphrates and their irrigation system, farm, etc. In order to do this, they needed help. On the other hand, the Egyptians had an understanding throughout the civilization that everyone needs to take part in keep up of the Nile River. If the people of an area didn’t maintain their specific part of the river, they would be punished. This Is Just another way Egyptians were more unlace, odometer kneeing less outside Nell.
Also, pertaining to social class, the Pharaoh had more power than the Mesopotamia kings. The Pharaoh was looked at as divine, godly, “god on earth”; the kings were Just like the kings of Great Britain. They ruled, made decisions, gave orders, etc. , but they aren’t worshipped religiously as the Pharaoh was. That’s why the Pharaoh was in higher rank in the different social structures of the two civilizations. Mesopotamia and Egypt share many differences, but their similarities are also prominent.
Religion is Just one common area. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt had polytheistic religious beliefs. They had many gods for different roles in life. For example, Mesopotamia sky god, Kneel, played a big role in their life, while Amen-Ra played a big role in Egypt life. Both groups had many other gods with different roles. They both believed that their gods were related to nature in some way, and tauter had a huge impact on their religion, they held celebrations, festivals, etc. To worship, and they built monuments for worship.
The reason for nature’s role in religion could be that being agricultural societies, they needed an explanation for nature’s forces. Just as the Greeks used myths to explain scientific ideas, they used gods to explain why natural things happened. The numerous gods gave them the answer they needed to their many questions for mother nature. Another similarity would be the idea of agriculture. They both depended on agriculture greatly, and they used it to their advantage. They relied on agriculture and domestication of animals for economic reasons.
Also, they used the flooding of the nearby river(s) in each area to their advantage. The people of Mesopotamia and Egypt used the flooding of the Tigris, Euphrates, and/or the Nile Rivers to fertilize their crops; the silt was extremely helpful. Lastly, they both had a form of irrigation to make these flooding a positive experience, as well as to regularly irrigate. They had these similarities and advantages, because both civilizations were located near rivers,. They had access to this water, its advantages, and its uses.