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Medical Terminology plus Paper

Words: 728, Pages: 3

Paper type: Essay , Subject: Digestive System

Medial
Imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves
Lateral
lyig at or extending toward the right or left side
intermediate
between a more medial and a more lateral structure
Proximal
Closer to trunk
Distal
Farther from the trunk
Superficial
near the outer surface
Deep
Further away from the surface
Frontal or coronal plane
Divides the body into fron and back halves
Sagittal or lateral plan
Divides the body in right and left halves
Transverse or cross-section plane
Divides the body into horizontal planes
Dorsiflexion
movement of the foot and the leg so that the toes are brought closer to the shin
Plantar flexion
flexion of the entire foot inferiorly, as if pressing an automobile pedal
Pronation
lying face downward
Rotation
to twist or revolve
Supination
Lying flat on the back
11 body systems
Respiratory, Reproductive, Digestive, Nervous, Endocrine, Urinary, Lymphatic, Circulatory Muscular, Skeletal, Integumentary
ICD-10 has how many procedure codes
72,081
In ICD-10 how many of the 72081 seven character alphanumeric procedure codes are in the Medical/Surgical Section
62,022
Character 1
Section
Character 2
Body System
Character 3
Root Operation
Character 4
Body part
Character 5
Approach
Character 6
Device
Character 7
Qualifier
Pituitary gland is in which body cavity
Cranial
Blood held back from an area
Ischemia
amyl
starch
cheil
lip
choledocho
common bile duct
cholecyst
gallbladder
viscer
internal organs
ana
up
ase
enzyme
chezia
elimination, defecation
ectasis
stretching, dilation, widening
emia
blood condition
genic
pertaining to, producing, producted by or in
iasis
condition of
ole
little, small
plasia
development, formation, growth
prandial
meal
ule
little, small
um, ium
structure, tissue, thing
y
condition, process
borborygmus
rumbling sound made by the movement of gas in the intestine
aphthous stomatitis
canker sores
oral leukoplakia
thickened white patches of epithelium occur on the mucous membranes especially of the mouth.
achalasia
failure of a ring of muscle (as a sphincter) to relax
anal fissure
torn lining of the anal canal
anal fistula
small tunnel that forms under the skin and connects a previously infected anal gland to the skin on the buttocks outsie the anus
cirrhosis
chronic degeneration of the liver
4th most common cancer in the US
colorectal cancer
Crohn’s disease
chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract, a type of inflammatory bowel disease
dysentery
disease characterized by severe diarrhea with passage of mucus and blood and usually caused by infection
hemochromatosis
inherited disorder of excessive body accumulation of iron
intussusception
telescoping of the intestines
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
cluster of symptoms, consisting most commonly of abdominal pain, bloating, constipation and diarrhea
viral hepatitis
inflammation of the liver caused by a virus
volvulus
torsion of a loop of intestine, causing obstruction
cheilosis
fissuring and dry scaling of the vermilion surface of the lips and angles of the mouth, a characteristic of riboflavin deficiency
cholestasis
condition caused by rapidly developing (acute) or long-term (chronic) interruption in the excretion of bile.
deglutition
medical term for swallowing
emulsification
breaks apart lart fat globules so fat can be digested
eructation
gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth; belching
glycogenolysis
breakdown of glycogen especially to glucose
mesentery
double fold of peritoneum which stretches around the abdominal organs
mesentery parts include
omentum and mesocolon
sialoadenectomy
removal or excsion of salivary gland
steatorrhea
an excess of fat in the stools
azot/o
urea, nitrogen
cali/o calyx
cup shaped organ
ket/o
ketones
pyel/o
renal pelvis
trigon/o
area within the bladder
trophin
stimulation the function of (to turn in or act on)
vesic/o
urinary bladder
-in, ine
a substance
poietin
substance that forms
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the renal parenchyma and renal pelvis
diabetes insipidus
antidiuretic hormone is not sereted adeuqately or the kidney is resistant to ADH’s effect
nephrotic syndrome
nephrosis
uremia
waste accumulates in the blood causing a toxic state often characterized by azotemia, or too much nitrogen in the blood
arteriovenous fistula
abnormal connection between an artery and a vein bypassing the capillaries, used with hemodialysis patients
cyesis
pregnancy
episi/o
vulva
galact/o
milk
lact/o
milk
metr/o
uterus
uter/o
uterus
hystero
uterus
myom/o
muscle, tumor
phor/o
to bear
-arche
beginning
tocia
labor, birth
horiocarcinoma
malignant tumor of the placenta
adnexa uteri
ovaries, fallopian tubes, and supporting ligaments
chorion
outer layer of two membreans surrounding the embryo
fimbriae
finger projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
parturition
the act of giving birth
uterine serosa
outermost layer surrounding the uterus
vulva
labia, external female genitalia

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This academic paper is crafted by Mia. She is a nursing student studying at the University of New Hampshire. All the content of this sample reflects her knowledge and personal opinion on Medical Terminology plus and can be used only as a source of ideas for writing.

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