This article discusses the effects of low carbohydrate and low fat diets on the levels of cholesterol in the body and subsequently the effect on heart health. Although both accomplish weight loss, the low fat diet shows significant reduction in low density lipoprotein cholesterol which is harmful to the heart. Introduction: For most people when the issue of losing weight arises, the question of the best form of diet between low carbohydrate and low fat diet option rarely crosses their minds. Losing weight should not be an end to itself but the general health should be taken into account.
The diet chosen should be ideal for the heart in relation to the cholesterol levels in the body. Between these two diets the low fat diet should be chosen over the low carbohydrate diet because of it efficiency in lowering the Low density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL- C. Materials and Methods: The method used to arrive at this conclusion is by the use of research on the findings of other studies done to determine the outcomes of the low-carbohydrates and low fat diet when used for weight reduction.
The first study used was on the ‘Metabolic Effects of Weight Loss on a Very-Low-Carbohydrate Diet Compared with an Isocaloric High-Carbohydrate Diet in Abdominally Obese Subjects’ (Tay et al, 2008). The second one was ‘Effects of Low-Carbohydrate vs. Low-Fat Diets on Weight Loss and Cardiovascular Risk Factors’ (Nordmann et al 2006).
Results: In the first study it was found that weight loss was the same in both groups. In the group that had low-carbohydrates and high fat diet there was a higher increase in high density lipoprotein cholesterol than in the high calorie low fat group, VLCHF 0.25 plus or minus 0. 28 mmol/l, HCLF 0. 08 plus or minus 0. 17 mmol/l; p = 0. 002) while the LDL-C remained unchanged in the low carbohydrate group but decreased in the low fat group, VLCHF 0. 06 plus or minus 0. 58 mmol/l, HCLF –0. 46 plus or minus 0. 71 mmol/l; p less than 0. 001. The second study also had similar results where the low fat diet had had marked decrease in LDL-C and the low carbohydrate diet had increase in HDL-C. Discussion:
Both studies showed that both of these diets did accomplish weight loss however in regard to the lipid profile of the blood the low fat diet had more favorable effects and therefore promote better heart health. The low carbohydrate diet has a good change on the HDL-C but shows no significant change on LDL-C of which high levels in the body are harmful for the health of the heart. Works Cited Nordmann, A. , Nordmann, A. , Briel, M. , Keller, U. , Yancy, W. , Brehm, B. Bucher, H.
“Metabolic Effects of Weight Loss on a Very-Low-Carbohydrate Diet Compared With an Isocaloric High-Carbohydrate Diet in Abdominally Obese Subjects. ” Archives of Internal Medicine 166. 3 (Feb 2006): 285-293. JACC. Web. 9 Aug. 2010. http://content. onlinejacc. org/cgi/content/abstract/51/1/59 Tay, J. , Brinkworth, G. , Noakes, M. , Keogh, J. , Clifton, P. “Effects of Low-Carbohydrate vs Low-Fat Diets on Weight Loss and Cardiovascular Risk Factors. ” Journal of the American College of Cardiology 51(2008): 59-67. JAMA &ARCHIVES. Web. 9 Aug. 2010. http://archinte. ama-assn. org/cgi/content/full/166/3/285 .