The Russian citizens were not involved in the legislative process and therefore, did not give much credit to the laws, as they were not codified until 1833. The legislative process was arbitrary as it tended to protect the nobles and not normal citizens. Such practices ended at the time Of the revolution in 191 7, when Russia became a republic. The 70 years of communism contribute to reinforce the absence of law in Russia. The government improved the law regarding the protection of intellectual property and proprietary information over the past few years.
Some laws have been determined to protect patents, brands or labels of origin, copyrights, software, etc. However, the law system for property rights is not enough developed and has to be improved to ensure a satisfactory protection and reach the level of the European legislation. Therefore, companies are still facing high risks. The risks are both external (I. E. Viruses or hacking in order to get some confidential information about the company’s activities) and internal (I. E. Thefts of trade secrets or competitive intelligence).