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Kyoto Treaty on Global Climate Essay

During a United Nations' conference of parties on December of 1997 in Kyoto Japan, the United Nations had a convention on climate change. In the convention the United Nations proposed a solution to the threat of climate change leading into an arrangement known as the Kyoto Treaty or Protocol on Global Climate Change.The Kyoto Treaty or Protocols aim is to combat the global warming by limiting emission Greenhouse gasses, Carbon dioxide CO2, Methane, Sox nitrous oxide NoX, hydorflourocarbon, perflourocarbon, and sulfur hexafluoride to 5-7% below the 1990 levels, the UN hopes to reach this aim during the period of 2008-2010. The Kyoto treaty or protocol is an extension of the Montreal Protocol whichis a landmarkinternational agreement designed to protect the stratospheric ozone layer. The treaty was originally signed in 1987 and substantially amended in 1990 and 1992. The Montreal Protocol requires that the production and consumption of compounds that eat up the ozone layer in the atmosphere chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl chloroform are to be regulated out by 2000.So far about 168 nations have signed the treaty including 130 developed nations but not China nor India.
Climate change and its causes:"these gasses, supporters say, are the main contributors to global warming that, if unchecked, will lead to such dire results as more severe flooding, catastrophic raises in sea level and the northern shift of agricultural production."(Pope Charles). Global Warming has caused that an about 5500 square kilometer piece of glacier from west Antarctica broke off on march 11 2002 along with the Antarctic Peninsula which lost about 3250 square kilometers of ice.”Such warming is not universal across Antarctica – on average the coastal regions about Antarctica are warming – and that trend is very strong in the Peninsula region. However continued warming and the progression southwards of …

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