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kkk in the 1920s Essay

The Ku Klux Klan, is a secret terrorist organization that
originated in the southern states during the period of
Reconstruction following the American Civil War and was
reactivated on a wider geographic basis in the 20th century. The
original Klan was organized in Pulaski, Tennessee, during the
winter of 1865 to 1866, by six former Confederate army officers
who gave their society a name adapted from the Greek word kuklos
(“circle”). Although the Ku Klux Klan began as a prankish social
organization, its activities soon were directed against the
Republican Reconstruction governments and their leaders, both
black and white, which came to power in the southern states in
The Ku Klux Klan’s long history of violence grew out of the
resentment and hatred many white Southerners felt in the
aftermath of the Civil War. Blacks, having won the struggle for
freedom from slavery, were now faced with a new struggle against
widespread racism and the terrorism brought about by the Ku Klux
Klan. While the menace of the KKK has peaked and waned over the
William J. Simmons, a veteran, preacher and salesman, was a
compulsive joiner, holding memberships in many different
societies and two churches. He had always dreamed of starting his
own fraternal group and in the fall of 1915 he put his plans into
action.On Thanksgiving Eve, Simmons herded 15 fellow
fraternalists onto a bus and drove them from Atlanta to nearby
Stone Mountain. There, before a cross of pine boards, Simmons lit
a match and the Ku Klux Klan of the 20th century was born.
In 1920, the “re-born” Klan consisted only of a few thousand
members.With the help of two publicists, Simmons spread the
word of the Klan around the U.S. like wildfire.The Klan was to
be pro-American, which to them meant anti-black, anti-Jewish and
most importantly, anti-Catholic.The Klan grew rapidly from a

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