Individual moral development Essay
Main reasons are because the individual does not think he or she will get caught, or the benefit outweighs the risk. Business has opportunities to pad or Inflate expenses while making traction and takeovers. It can be hard dodo the right things when no one is watching, the account statement can be alter easily and no one will notice but It Is equally difficult when you under pressure and depend on your faith. The factors that would influence choices would include the following: faith, organization culture and economic standings.
Obviously, if the organization struggling economically, and Inflating expenses could bring in enough extra money, saying no would be all the more difficult, however individual decision would depends on moral development where the action is actually take on. Culture is a common word that people generally use In relation to genealogy, country of origin, language and the way people speak, what they eat, and their customs. Many define culture as nationality or citizenship.
Values, norms, artifacts, and rituals all play a role in culture. An important component of corporate, or organizational, culture is the company’s ethical culture. However reporter culture involves values and norms that prescribe a wide range of behavior for organizational members, the ethical culture reflects whether the firm also has an ethical conscience. Ethical culture involves many factors, including corporate policies on ethics, top managements leadership on ethical Issues, the influence of co-workers, and the opportunity .
Within the organization, sublimates can develop within work groups, decision can be easily affect by people working around you or how the senior taught you, If the organization doing their expense account the unethical way throughout he years in the past 10 years, it is very difficult for you to change to do it in an ethical way. The more ethical employees perceive an organization’s culture to be, the less likely they are to make unethical decisions. Corporate culture and ethical culture are closely associated with the idea that significant others within the organization help determine ethical decisions within that organization.
Those who have influence in a work group. Including peers. Managers. Coworkers, and subordinates, are referred to as significant others. Obedience to authority is an aspect of the Influence that significant others can exercise this helps to explain why many employees resolve business ethics issues by simply following the directives of a superior, because have authority which employee have significant trust In them therefore increase the Influential by those authorities. The more ethical employees perceive an organization’s culture to be, the less likely they are to make unethical decisions.
Numerous studies conducted over the years confirm that significant others within an organization may have more Impact on a Rorer’s decisions on a daily basis than any other factor. In organizations that emphasize respect for superiors, for example, employees may feel that they are wrong, he or she is likely to say, “l was only carrying out orders” or “My boss told me to do it this way. ” In addition, the type of industry and the size of the organization have effects on whether employee carries out such decisions; the bigger the company, the more potential for unethical activities.
Moral development involves different types: teleology, demonology, relativist, virtue ethics and Justices. Employee moral decision on whether to inflate the expense account will be base on different moral development. Teleological philosophies assess the moral worth of a behavior by looking at its consequences two important teleological philosophies that often guide decision making in individual business decisions are egoism and utilitarianism.
Egoist believe they should maximize their own self interest and utilitarianism seek the greatest good for the greatest people, they believe they should maximize the greatest utility when making decisions, however, ethnologists argue that there are some things that e should not do, even to maximize utility which is completely opposite to utilitarianism. Relativists are those who use themselves and people around them as their basis for their ethical standard, these types of people will be easily influence by culture in an organization.
A moral virtue represents an acquired disposition that is valued as a part of an individual’s character. A person who has the character trait of honesty will be disposed to tell the truth because it is considered to be right and comfortable. This individual will always try to tell the truth because of its importance in human immunization. Justice means that the decision rules used by an individual to determine the Justice of a situation could be based on the perceived rights of individuals and on the intentions of the people involved in a given business interaction.
Justice is more likely to be based on deontological moral philosophies than on teleological or utilitarian philosophies. Justice deals more with the issue of what individuals feel they are due based on their rights and performance in the workplace. In conclusion I think when I am in the situation of being encourage to inflate the expense account, the most affective would be individual moral development rather than cultural value of the organization.
It is because in cultural value of organization, it is basis on other influences, however , when accounting an expense account, it is all your own work, although there will be some pressure from the head or superior on how your entry in term of the expense account, the final decision on ethical or unethical is base on self decision. Depending on the characteristic of the person, the choice will be different according to the individual moral development.