There are two types of behavior Innate and learned . Some people called Natives believe that a child’s behavior is innate. Innate behavior Is defined as a natural and Instinctive and Is present at birth , for example sucking which Is an automatic reflex to a newborn baby. Babies Instinctively know what to do . We know If we put an object near babies mouths they will try to suck, also this can often be seen during an ultrasound scan . This I have witnessed during my 36 week scan of my daughter who was sucking on her hand which was near to her mouth.
Quote from Shelia Shipley – The Ecological Standards of Breastfeeding ” that sucking s one of an infant’s most common innate behaviors . After birth infants rely on the sucking reflex of both nourishment and comfort , sucking on their fingers or a fist is a natural response that most infants use to soothe . ” The Natives believe that some of our behavior are Innate and we inherit some qualities which decides what person we will be. They also believe that our behavior Is mostly due to our genetics. Inborn Instincts are naturally there. Other automatic reflexes in newborns are swallowing , coughing and blinking .
These flexes are quick responses which we do automatically. A natural instinct to produce saliva to aid swallowing when we have food in our mouths , another is when something is lodged in our windpipe we cough to prevent choking also blinking to protect our eyes , these reflexes stay with us for our lifetime . However some people believe the first few weeks after birth is due to automatic reflexes and some innate reflexes such as , the grasp reflex decline in time and by 4 months a infant will grasp voluntary so they will have more control over his/her movements .
There are others who believe that some Infant behavior Is learned . This group are called Employments . A learned behavior Is not Instinctive , but must be taught or acquired through learning by their experiences and their surroundings Jean Pigged Tuna Tanat ” centre learn Day actively constructing Knowledge tongue nanas on experiences” Toilet/potty training a child is an learned behavior or teaching a infant to talk or say sounds. Also mimicking people for instance smiling or clapping hands , these are examples of learned behavior .
As I work in a school I can be witness to some learned behavior. Observing young children in a role play area , very often a child will take on the role off character , let’s say a teacher and they will copy what they have seen and heard , taking the class register or teaching a lesson . Or in my case listening to my young daughter playing with her younger brother and mimicking me in what I say and how I use my tone of voice. Albert Bandeau ( 1977) states behavior is learned from the environment through the process of observational learning .
Children observe the people around them behaving in various ways . The debate on Nature vs. Nurture is a subject much talked about in psychology. It concerns all individuals ‘innate’ qualities and versus that of ‘learned’ experiences . Some believe that we behave in certain ways because we were taught to do so , the nurture theory of behavior. Others believe that it is strictly genes that effect our ways of life, and some believe that both of these influence us . Either way over many years it has been discussed and most likely continue to .