Paris Peace Conference

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The Big Three”, representative of the three winning country. President Woodrow Wilson represented the US, Prime Minister Lloyd George represented the Great Britain and prime minister Clemencies represented France. Five major peace treaties were prepared at t he Paris Peace Conference. They include the Treaty of Versailles for Germany, Treaty of Smattering for Austria, the Treaty of Unlikely for Bulgaria, Treaty of Titration for Hungary and the Treaty of Sverses for Ottoman Empire.

Treaty of Versailles was the most harsh treaty. The Paris Peace Conference FAA to solve postwar problem.

The US president Wilson issued his 14 Points in a speech. According to Wilson, the 14 Points mainly focused on his “National S Determination” and disarmament of countries. It created for maintaining a lass world peace. However, things did not go smooth under the influence of the to her Big Three.

Britain and France agreed some of the points but with sign efficient reservations. The 14 points failed to meet its original aim dealing with the word old peace due to the selfishness of the leagues. What’s more, there were some limitations in the 14 Points.

Under the National Self Determination principle, 4 old empires were gone and 8 new nation states were set up. However, they w ere too weak which caused the aggression of the nearby countries for the invasion Power vacuum in Europe rose.

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Moreover, for the defeated country, The Treat Y of Versailles was too harsh that even directly led to German aggression and WWW The settlement fueled German nationalism from resentment over her treaty .NET by the Allies in the treaty rather than bringing about everlasting stability and pea In addition, the Paris Peace Conference was dominant by the Big Three who o considered their own interests especially France.

Ww1 Treaty Of Paris

It failed to meet the other country interests such as Italy and China. It rose the public anger and brought HTH the rise of nationalism and the rise of totalitarianism. First of all, the 14 Points of Wilson was not fully adopted by the leagues. The ideology of the 14 points was to create a peaceful Europe. 14 points include deed open diplomacy, Freedom of the seas, Free trade, Reduce the military forces and weapons etc. However, Wilson was too idealistic. Some of the points which affected their interests were opposed by the other Big Three.

For example, for denationalization, Britain and France said that only those ho were defeated should demoralize but not them because they were the winning countries. The Big Three discussed the treaty terms according to their own interests. Although the 14 Points was described to be impossible to be all carried out, but it was still a good indicator of the world peace. If the leagues discussed the treaty term by following strictly on the 14 Points, most of the conflicts in Europe afterwards could be avoided. Politically, the Paris Peace Conference created the power vacuum in Europe. Ender the 14 Points and the National Self Determination advocated b President Wilson of the US, 4 old empires were gone including Strangulation, German, Ottoman, and Russian empires collapsed. 8 new nation states were set up. However, since they were small and weak, countries nearby could easily annex them. The nearby countries’ aggression increased due to the power vacuum. Those weak new nation states attracted the invasion FRR mom the aggressive countries such as Germany. Therefore the National Self Determination created power vacuum and destroyed the peace of Europe.

In the terms of the treaty terms, the Paris Peace Conference contributed the most on Germany’s revenge. The Treaty of Versailles for Germany was too harsh. Germany had to pay a very heavy reparation. Germany had to bear the sole war guilt which was unreasonable to the Germans. Also, the German army was to be restricted to 100,000 men who would be obliged to enlist for twelve years. But still, the warbling clause was the cause Of lasting resentment in Germany moor e than any other clause in the treat¶y’.

The original aim of the Treaty of Versailles was to weakened Germany to avoid its aggression. But it failed to do so. A overhears treaty created a counteractive effect which ran in the opposite erection for what it supposed to be. The Paris Peace Conference led to the resentment of the Treaty of Versailles from the Germans and made them decide deed to revenge. Not only did the Paris Peace Conference failed to maintain peace, but it also intensified the tension among the European countries. Furthermore, the Paris Peace Conference led to the rose of extreme nationalism and totalitarianism.

Since the whole Paris Peace Conference was almost dominated by the Big Three, the treaty terms for those defeated count r;sees were decided according to their own interests, some unfair treaties were cream Ted. Also, some territorial conflicts still existed which the conference was unable to solve. For example the Sandhog conflicts among Japan and China. The league even meet an secret agreement with Japan. Moreover, for Italy, it did not get I TTS promised land and it was also given no say during the Paris Peace Conference although it was one Of the willing allies. People were unsatisfied with the exist inning democratic government and this led to the rise of Fascism in Italy. Similar to Italy, the resentment of the Treaty of Versailles from the Germans showed the ineffectiveness of the Whimper Republic and the democratic rule. This led to the rise of Nazism in Germany. The rightist totalitarianism advocates expansion a ND national glory which is the opposite as maintaining the world peace. What is more, the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations emboldened the aggressive countries to keep on their expansion.

After World War l, Woodrow Wilson presented his Fourteen Points to achieve world peace. Among these points was the suggestion of forming the League of Nations. This organization was to help member countries discuss with one another about pressing issue s. At the Paris Peace Conference in 191 9, the League of Nations was created. The League had a few successes but many more losses before its end when no members wished to meet any longer. The League of Nations basically ended up had no significant influence on dealing with countries’ issues.

If the aggressive countries like Germany, Italy and Japan were given an inch, they wanted a mil Japan even quitted the League of Nations and continued its expansion. This showed the lack of influence of the League of Nations which was one of the consensus made during the Paris Peace Conference. Up till here, although the Paris Peace Conference was proved to be not ally successful in solving postwar problems, yet, it did created a good start of setting up the world’s first peace maintaining organization, The League of Nations which contributed ideas to the set up of the United Nations after II.

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Paris Peace Conference
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