The American Dream promised Americans that no matter what origin born into, an individual can succeed in life on the sore basis of his or her own skill level. Written about the sass’s, Great Gatsby tells the story from Nick Caraways perspective as he introduces readers to the time period of glamour, wealth, and for some, depending on the American Dream. In Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald uses literary devices to criticize the change in morality of the roaring twenties, which old values expressed in the American Dream are destroyed by the corrupt vulgar pursuit of wealth.
Fitzgerald sees symbols to express the distinction of social classes and status’ that destroys the American Dreams of the sass’s generation. The symbols, East Egg, West Egg, Valley of Ashes, and water help illustrate the distinction in the roaring twenties. The East Egg is a placed where citizens who have inherited their fortune and high status, their money is referred to as “old money’, living the life and never having to work a day, this ultimately devaluing the hard work because it does not meet the glamour required to become a member of the East Egg territory.
East Egg is “Across the routers bay the white palaces of fashionable East Egg glittered among the water”, on page ??? , Nick suggest that East Eager’s values are different by saying “white palaces of fashionable” he later is proven true. The other location, Just across the bay is the Western life, of a West Egger. A West Egger earns their wealth, referred to as “new money’, by hard work and determination. The region referred to as West Egg, described by Mr…. Caraway, on page ??? , as “… He less fashionable of the two, though this is a most superficial tag to express the bizarre and not a little sinister contrast teen them. ” By comparing West Egg to East Egg, Nick states the easiest way to put it “the less fashionable of the two”. This quote implies that old wealth or being born rich is valued higher, which is true of this time period. Quite interesting is the complete opposite of our generation’s values of wealth. Fitzgerald purposely uses this because not only was it true, but it helps readers catch and notice the difference between the sass’s and current day morals and values.
Fitzgerald way of expressing the distinction between the two areas, accomplished by comparing the two, is seen instantly in the text. For example “In the novel, Nick describes the life of an Eastern by saying, page 176, “… And perhaps we possessed some deficiency in common which made us subtly indubitable to Eastern Life” (CAPITALIZED? L) This text is simply Nick clarifying to the reader that if a person is from the Western Life, they can never be accepted and adapt to the life of an East Egger.
He is showing the idea that there is an “unbreakable line” between the social classes. Nick writes, page 17, “l waited, and sure enough, in a moment she looked at me with an absolute smirk on her lovely ace, as if she had asserted her membership in a rather distinguished secret society to which she and Tom belonged. ” Fitzgerald is directly stating through the narrator, Nick, how an East Egger like Tom and Daisy are part of a “secret society’ and its simply secret and a person can’t be a part of it, unless that soul individual is already apart of the secret.
Nick illustrates to the leader how different and similar the two fortunes are, on page 104, “Or perhaps I had merely grown used to it, grown to accept West Egg as a world complete in itself, with it’s own standards and its own great as looking at it again, through Daisy’s eyes. Fitzgerald again displays the distinction between the two Eggs; he stresses this idea to West Egg being in a completely different world. The text “second to… ” Is saying that within social classes the East Egg is superior and the West Egg is the second to that superiority.
By writing “to nothing” Fitzgerald is referring East Egger to “nothing” because that how fake they are, that the author is able to compare it to absolutely nothing. Fitzgerald is using the text in the quote to hide his ideas, if dug beneath the text a reader is able to notice Just how such, Fitzgerald despises them. Essentially, Fitzgerald repeatedly uses these symbols to show the reader that a person his main thought about the sass’s. That thought being that a person is either born into the superior wealth and fortune, or the person can strive for it; but never fully gaining the benefits that the superior of the social class and status has.
America falsely advertised the belief that this country is a classless society and through the novel, the reader learns this is not only unrealistic, but also not true. The lower social class in this novel is symbolized through the term valley of ashes”. The narrator, Nick, describes the Valley of Ashes, on page 23, “a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and, finally, with a transcendent effort of men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air. From this description the reader knows that the valley of ashes signifies, the plight of the poor in the sass’s. From this text the author displays how the valley of ashes lies beneath the wealth to act as a wasteland for the rich. If he individuals found in this class want to survive, they are required to complete the necessary hard work, unfortunately only to receive minimum wage in return. Unlike the East Egg, the Valley of Ashes has no escape. Born into the ashes a person will remain there. (Combine this or leave separate? To illustrate Fitzgerald idea of class distinction, Fitzgerald includes other symbols to express the two main symbols of the book. One of those symbols is green light, which is used to symbolized hope, dreams, vitality, and the future. The introduction of the green light, on page 20, Nick describes hat he saw when looking at Gatsby on the deck. “… He stretched out his arm toward the dark water in a curious way, and, as far as I was from him, I could have sworn he was trembling. Involuntarily I glanced seaward- and saw nothing. The green light is a reoccurring symbol brought up to tell the story of Gatsby dreams. Fitzgerald closes the book by repeating the symbol once more, on page 180; we learn that, essentially this symbol, the green light, expresses Great Gatsby American Dream, “Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgiastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then but that’s no matterвЂ”to-morrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther… And one fine morning—– So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past.
In other words, the author is saying, like Gatsby endless attempt to achieve the American Dream, “we” as a country with our own dreams, will never give up and keep trying everyday. We, Americans will stretch out arms farther, like Gatsby stretching out to Daisy’s “green light,” in hopes of accomplishing our dreams. We will continue to push towards reaching the unreachable dream, across the horizon, stuck in the past. As Americans, we will “run faster,” and will find only the future. By going “against the current” with the effort to try.
According to Nick, the whole idea of the American Dream is Just an illusion to the dreamer. Commencing to Gatsby death, the green light is eventually extinguished; and each morning we will be woken to find, “it was only a dream”. Another symbol that the author of Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald uses is the barrier of water in between the East and West Egg territories. This water symbol acts as a barrier to show how close the two Egg classes are but the bay breaking up the two territories will always keep hem away from one another.
Because Fitzgerald used these 4 symbols, the reader is left with a clear understanding of difference in the class distinction that he was trying to illustrate. In the novel, Great Gatsby, the author uses the motif of color to express his commentary of the society in the sass’s. The colors white, cream, green, yellow, blue, and gray all contribute to the motif of color shown throughout Fitzgerald work, The Great Gatsby. The color “white” surfaces the text several times, meaning false purity, or goodness, and when a person or object has no substance. This color is expressed, on page.