These days the world has a significant increase in obesity ranging from children to adults. The health professionals have worked very hard around the clock to find ways to help us fight back toward obesity. There are a few common ways of losing weight for those people who need that extra help to shed the pounds. The Gastric bypass and Gastric Sleeve surgeries are the most common weight loss surgeries today that focus on significant weight loss and a healthier life style.
While most surgical weight loss methods focus on patients having a gastric bypass, the gastric sleeve is also a viable option to assist one in meeting their weight loss goals. Hard work and discipline is needed for the success in any situation. Many people only research what they want to hear, but there is so much information to educate yourself on when making such a huge decision. In order to qualify for these surgeries you must be obese and have over 50% BMI.
In most people when your BMI is 35 to 39. (obesity), and you have a serious weight-related health problem, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure or severe sleep apnea you automatically become a candidate. In some cases you may qualify for certain types of weight-loss surgery if your BMI is 30 to 34 and you have serious weight-related health problems. Surgery isn’t for everyone who is severely overweight; you may need to meet certain medical guidelines to qualify for the surgeries. You must also be willing to make permanent changes to lead a healthier lifestyle.
You may be required to participate in long-term follow-up plans that include monitoring your nutrition, your lifestyle and behavior, and most of all your medical conditions. The surgeries are done to help you lose excess weight and reduce your risks for potentially life-threatening weight-related health problems. The gastric bypass and sleeve are usually performed after you have tried to lose weight by improving your diet and exercise program. These two surgeries are very similar and have a big impact on the rest of your life.
As with any major surgery, gastric bypass/sleeve and other weight-loss surgeries pose potential health risks, both in short term and long term. Risks associated with the surgical procedure can include: Excessive bleeding, infection, adverse reactions to anesthesia, blood clots, lung or breathing problems, leaks in your gastrointestinal system. Death is very rare but is a complication. Long term risks and complications of surgery depend on the type of surgery.
They can include: Bowel obstruction, Dumping syndrome, cause diarrhea, nausea or vomiting, gallstones, hernias, low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), malnutrition, stomach perforation, ulcers, and death. Weight loss surgeries are done in the hospital. If you qualify for any of the gastric surgeries your health care team gives you instructions on how to prepare for your specific type of surgery. You may need to have various lab tests and exams before surgery. You may also have restrictions on eating and drinking and which medications you can take. You will be required to start a physical activity and quit all tobacco use.
There are many types of weight-loss surgery, known collectively as bariatric surgery. Still, all forms of weight-loss surgery, including gastric bypass/sleeve, are major procedures that can pose serious risks and side effects. Also you must make permanent healthy changes to your diet and get regular exercise to help ensure the long-term success of bariatric surgery. Gastric bypass/sleeve and other weight-loss surgeries are done when diet and exercise haven’t worked or when you have serious health problems because of your weight. Gastric bypass is one of the most common types of bariatric surgery in the United States.
Many surgeons prefer gastric bypass surgery because it generally has fewer complications than do other weight-loss surgeries. The gastric bypass is when the surgeons go in and completely remove your stomach and re-route your intestines. A sleeve gastrectomy, also called a vertical sleeve gastrectomy, is a newer type of weight-loss surgery. The sleeve gastrectomy is the first part of the surgical process for a biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. However, the sleeve gastrectomy portion of surgery may be all that’s needed to lose sufficient weight — in some cases the second part, biliopancreatic diversion, isn’t needed.
The gastric sleeve consist of a banana shaped tubed they place in your stomach and cut around, so you still have a stomach however it is smaller in size. With sleeve gastrectomy, the structure of your stomach is changed to be shaped like a tube, which restricts the amount of calories your body absorbs. With the sleeve you will only absorb about 40% of the nutrition you intake so it is vital that you eat every two hours and take all required vitamins. With the gastric sleeve you can still absorb all your nutrition however you are only able to eat a cup to a cup in a half at one time.
With the gastric bypass you no longer have a stomach with the gastric sleeve there is a chance over years that you regain the weight if you stretch your stomach back out. Gastric bypass and other weight-loss surgeries make changes to your digestive system to help you lose weight by limiting how much you can eat or by reducing the absorption of nutrients, or both. . A huge percentage of people who go through surgery and do not follow the directions will put 30% of their weight back on which averages to at least 10 pounds.
Gastric bypass patients will lose ten- 20lbs a month after surgery during the first year, Gastric sleeve patients will lose five to ten pounds a month for up to a year. For several weeks to months after surgery patients describe marked reduction in appetite, however this usually does return to normal. Patients with the sleeve are most likely to describe a persisting reduction in appetite. This is because part of the stomach that secretes one of the hunger hormones is resected. These surgeries will have a big effect on satiety which refers to the sensation of feeling full, or satisfied after a meal.
Both surgeries involve the use of surgical staples, that heal over time on their own however can still tear. After a year both surgeries will decrease on the amount of weight lost so sticking to your diet and exercise will provide the best results. During the first week of gastric bypass you will remain on a liquid diet that the nurses and doctor prescribe for you, now for the sleeve it all depends on the individual the first couple days are recommended to remain on liquids however if feeling better after that you may move to pureed. It is all up to you and the way you maintain your health the rest of your life.
After reviewing the guidelines, procedures and information associated with the surgeries it is time to find out what is the right decision for you. The Gastric bypass and Gastric sleeve are the most common and effect weight loss surgeries today that focus on significant weight loss and a healthier life style. While most surgical weight loss methods focus on patients having a gastric bypass, the gastric sleeve is also a viable option to assist one in meeting their weight loss goals. Time, effort, and participation are significant assets to discipline you with in order to be successful after surgery.