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Foundations of Learning and Collaborative Working Paper

Words: 1711, Paragraphs: 11, Pages: 6

Paper type: Essay , Subject: Health Care

“Discuss the construct of collaborative working within your professional area” To be able to understand the principle. the different factors act uponing the result of collaborative working and how this can be applied to Perioperative pattern. it is of import to hold a sound apprehension of the construct “Collaborative Working. ” This construct has many terminological fluctuations. one of the more often used is “Inter-professional working. ” Hornby and Atkins ( 2000 ) province that collaborative working is “a relationship between two or more people. groups or administrations. working together to specify and accomplish a common intent. ” Barrett et Al ( 2005 ) declares that inter-professional working is “the procedure whereby members of different professions and/or bureaus work together to supply incorporate wellness and/or societal attention for the benefit of service users. ” Ignoring what is seen as the correct/incorrect nomenclature. the common denominator here is that all wellness attention staff/ agencies’ are working together to supply the best health care possible for patients and service users.

There have been many arguments about the fluctuation in nomenclature. Leathard ( 1994:5 ) refers to it as “terminological quagmire” that has been created due to rapid developments in pattern. and in her analysis of footings. Leathard ( 1994:6 ) prefers to utilize the term multi-professional as it “infers a wider group of professionals. ” In this case the term “Collaborative working” will be used. Over the old ages at that place have been many drivers behind the principle for collaborative working dating as far back as the 1960’s in the USA. where Henderson ( 1966 ) studies that “one infirmary has weekly inter-professional ward conferences. ” The thought of collaborative working is hence non a comparatively new construct. In recent old ages increased accent has been placed on collaborative working and the demand to work together due to alterations in engineering. answerability and authorities studies. Technological progresss such as telecommunication is now used by surgical staff to populate provender surgical processs to other parts of the universe. This has aided remote-area sawboness in their ain patterns ( Shields & A ; Werder 2002 )

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Similarly. the debut of the National Health Service ( NHS ) direct advice line has created a manner in which physicians can confer with patients over the telephone. However a survey by the Economic and Social Research Council ( 2005 ) concluded that “telemedicine is disappearing” compared to NHS direct advice line. The debut to new machinery which takes blood force per unit areas automatically instead than manually. this and other technological progresss have all required health care staff to alter the ways in which they work collaboratively. On the other manus. Government studies besides change the manner in which health care professionals work as they are frequently compulsory steps. The NHS Knowledge and Skills Framework ( KSF ) was introduced in 1999 under the Agenda for Change. Day ( 2006 ) claims that the usage of KSF will “enable squad leaders to place spreads in the cognition and accomplishments of their inter-professional squads. “

KSF is an indispensable demand carried out every twelvemonth to guarantee wage patterned advances. Collaborative working is besides brought about by answerability. All health care professionals are governed by a professional organic structure such as the Health Professions Council ( HPC ) in which it is their responsibility to guarantee conformity with the statute law on the usage of protected rubrics ( HPC. 2008 ) Not merely are registrants accountable to the HPC they are besides accountable to statutory and condemnable jurisprudence which means healthcare professionals must interact with patients and staff on an acceptable degree at the hazard of being prosecuted for their actions. Another driver for collaborative working is seen through the of all time scrutinizing media. A recent intelligence study by Hughes ( 2011 ) titled “Emergency surgery patients’ lives at hazard. state surgeons” is one of the many illustrations of negative media that is seting more force per unit area on health care professionals to work more collaboratively. On the other manus. many of the public viewing audiences do non see the prejudice in the bulk of these intelligence studies and many illustrations of good coaction is missed.

Resulting from the principle behind why people work together it is of import to understand the ways in which people do work together. Safe Surgery Saves Lives was an enterprise that arose in 2006 by the World Health Organization and in 2008 a Surgical Safety Checklist was released globally. Research proved that “postoperative complication rates fell by 36 % on average” and the checklist has besides “improved communicating among the surgical squads. ” ( Haynes. B. A et Al. 2009. Pg: 496 ) Many trusts besides have a theatre list policy and this ensures that staff are working collaboratively to guarantee the lists are right. accurate and the most of import processs have been prioritised. The thought differentiates among the trusts. but is most normally referred to as a “Group clinch. ” This is carried out each forenoon before any surgical processs commence and it is a opportunity for staff to collaborate and portion any thoughts or concerns over that day’s list.

A large portion of collaborative work. particularly in peri-operative attention. is about recognizing each other’s accomplishments and importance therefore the thought of “inter-professional acquisition. ” Kenward & A ; Kenward ( 2011. pg ; 35-39 ) outlines the importance of wise mans. saying that “mentors should move as function theoretical accounts for pupils of all professions. ” Further advancing this the General Medical Council ( 2006 ) papers on Good Medical Practice propounds that physicians besides act as function theoretical accounts to seek and “inspire and actuate others. ” It is apparent that there are many ways in which healthcare staff work together. nevertheless major issues are still identified around the factors that influence the results of collaborative working. Miscommunication has been identified as a reoccurring job. Certain behavioural forms among peri-operative staff which included disregarding petitions they did non understand. neglecting to seek elucidation. neglecting to talk aloud adequate to be heard and pass oning information to the incorrect individual. ( Gardezi et al 2009. pg: 1390-1399 )

This can be fatal particularly in the instance of Elaine Bromiley who had undergone a everyday fistula surgical process. Due to a dislocation in communicating between sawboness. Elaine unluckily died. A picture titled “Just a everyday operation. ” ( LaerdalMedical. 2011 ) released after the decease of Elaine Bromiley. identifies the dislocation in communicating between the sawboness and the theater nurses who had really witnessed the surgeon’s hurt and suggested an alternate method to cannulating the patient which was ignored. This construct has been antecedently recognised as “professional segregation. ” D’Amour et Al ( 2005 ) argued that because professional groups are educated individually they are so socialised into “discipline-specific thought. “

Research concluded that 69 % of respondents to a questionnaire they set out reported dissension between sawboness and nurses. And that 53. 4 % reported sing aggressive behaviour from adviser sawboness ( Coe and Gould. 2008. Pg: 609-618 ) Therefore intending the results of coaction will endure if all professionals do non interact and acknowledge the importance of other professionals’ accomplishments. It is apparent that coaction and inter-professional working mostly exists but with the changeless alterations in peri-operative pattern as mentioned antecedently and the manner health care is invariably observed. particularly by the media. it is apparent that collaborative working is a uninterrupted development or a womb-to-tomb acquisition procedure. As engineering alterations and authorities policies are continually released it is inevitable that the ways in which health care professionals work together will besides alter and develop.


Barret. G. Sellman. D and Thomas. J ( 2005 ) Inter-professional working in Health and Social Care: Professional Positions. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Coe. R and Gould. D ( 2008 ) ‘Disagreement and aggression in the operating theater. ’ Journal of Advanced Nursing. Volume: 61. Issue: 6. Pg: 609-618. Day. J ( 2006 ) Inter-professional working: An indispensable usher for health-and social-care professionals. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes. D’Amour. D. Ferrada-Videla. M. San Martin Rodrigues. L and Beaulieu. M ( 2005 ) ‘The conceptual footing for inter-professional Collaboration: Core constructs and theoretical models. ’ Journal of Inter-professional Care. Addendum: 1. Pg: 116-131. Economic and Social Research Council ( 2005 ) Telemedicine revolution is ‘disappearing’ from the NHS. [ Online ] Available at: World Wide Web. esrc. societytoday. Ac. United Kingdom. ( Accessed: 8 October 2011 ) Gardezi. F. Lingard. L. Espin. S. Whyte. S. Orser. B and Baker. G. R ( 2009 ) ‘Silence. power and communicating in the operating room. ’ Journal of Advanced Nursing. Volume: 65. Issue: 7. Pg: 1390-1399. General Medical Council ( 2006 ) ‘Good Medical Practice guidelines: working in squads. ’ [ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. gmc-uk. org/guidance/good_medical_practice/working_with_colleagues_working_in_teams. asp ( Accessed: 9 October 2011 ) Haynes. B. A. Weiser. G. T. Berry. R. W. Lipsitz. Sc. D et Al ( 2009 ) ‘A Surgical Safety Checklist to Reduce Morbidity and Mortality in a Global Population. ’ The New England Journal of Medicine. Volume: 360. Issue: 5. Pg: 496. Health Professions Council ( 2008-09 ) Continuing professional development one-year study. [ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. hpc-uk. org/publications/reports/ ( Accessed: 8 October 2011 )

Henderson. V ( 1966 ) The nature of Nursing: A definition and its deductions for pattern. research and instruction. New York. Macmillan. Hornby. S and Atkins. J ( 2000 ) Collaborative Care: Inter-professional. interagency and interpersonal. Oxford: Blackwell. Hughes. D ( 2011 ) ‘Emergency Surgery patients’ lives at hazard. state sawboness. ’ BBC intelligence. [ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. bbc. co. uk/news/health-15098114 ( Accessed: 8 October 2011 ) Kenward. L and Kenward. L ( 2011 ) ‘Promoting Inter-professional Care in the Perioperative environment. ’ Nursing Standard. Volume: 25. Issue: 41. Pg: 35-39. Proquest [ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //proquest. umi. com/ ( Accessed: 9 October 2011 ) Laerdal Medical ( 2011 ) ‘Just a Routine Operation’ [ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=JzlvgtPlof4 ( Accessed: 9 October 2011 ) Leathard. A ( 1994 ) Traveling Inter-professional: Working Together for Health and Welfare. London: Routledge. Shields. L and Werder. H ( 2002 ) Perioperative Nursing. Cambridge University Press.

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