Facebook Addiction and Peer Relationship Paper
CHAPTER 1 Introduction Facebook as the world’s biggest social network creates an impact to every individual who become a user. This network serves as a connecting link between users and their peers to be updated on what is going on. In this manner, many people feel that they have to join the site and stay there in order to jive with the trend and be up-to-date on what is going on in their circle of friends which leads for them to become a facebook addict.
One area in the life of individual to be determined by this technology is peer relationship. However, one good side of adapting to this trend is the improved ways of communication. The most common effects of facebook addiction are big loss in productivity; it can cause conflict due to jealousy and misunderstanding, the inability to concentrate and superficiality of friendships as well as isolation in extreme cases because of the ongoing preference of “online friendships” versus real life friendships (Chrisi Brand. N. ) one of the problems of facebook is, it can cause conflict because there is no privacy and you can post a comment, whether its positive or negative to your facebook friends’ wall or pictures. GLOBAL A case of teenager in London was stabbed to death after he had argued with his friend over a Facebook party invite (Mad News, December 21, 2009). And a young woman from Florida has just pleaded guilty to second-degree murder of her baby son bcause he interrupted her FarmVille game in facebook with his crying (Fitzsimmons, Oct 28, 2010). Psychologist Dr.
Michael Fenichel, who has published numerous writings on FAD online, describes it as a situation in which Facebook usage “overtakes” daily activities like waking up, getting dressed, using the telephone, or checking e-mail. Nobody seems to notice the vast amount of time and energy, at home, at work and now while on the move people is devoting to Facebook. (Fenichel,2009) NATIONAL In Philippines, amid rising cases of gang-rape, which a police official has blamed on addiction to Facebook, the Philippine National Police (PNP) has issued a safety guideline for users of the popular social networking website.
In a statement posted in its website, the PNP leadership stressed that while Facebook is a good tool for meeting friends and interacting with old acquaintances, the site can also be used for criminal possibilities like “identify theft” and “phishing scam”. Police officials described phishing scam as a cyber crime wherein hackers would get the entire bank credit details from a Facebook account holder and used them for their own transaction. But what is really alarming in that social networking sites like Facebook are being used by some criminals in preying on female users.
The popularity of these websites has a big effect on rape cases. Most of the rape cases are connected with Facebook. (Manila Bulletin, Oct. 21, 2010) LOCAL Base on the casual interview, among the selected high school students of Davao del Sur, eight out of ten respondents said that they are facebook addict and have problems on quitting the said social networking site. From interview and questions based on the respondents, being addicted to facebook has a good and bad effect on their relationship with their real friends because they prioritize their online friends rather than going out with their real life friends.
They often forget to eat and and not getting not enough sleep because they are busy viewing the profiles and walls of their friends on facebook. The more friends they have, the more popular they feel. The respondents said that facebook can cause conflict because of misunderstanding on the friends’ comments. They receive feedback for the content they publish through the site. (Students, personal communication, March 2, 2011) The study aims to find out the relationship between facebook addiction and peer relationship among the selected college students in Cor Jesu College, School Year 2011-2012.
Theoretical Framework This study was anchored on the sociocultural theory of Lev Vygotsky (1978) and ecological system theory of Urie Bronfenbrenner (2005). According to Lev Vygotsky (1978), humans use tools that they develop from a culture, such as speech writing, to mediate their social environments. Initially children develop these tools to serve solely as social functions, ways to communicate needs. One of the signs that develop in the students which can help to predict whether a student will drop out of school is unsatisfactory relationship with peers, and another is low achievement (Lev Vygotsky, 1978).
Urie Bronfenbrenner (2005) develop the ecological system theory to explain how everything in a child and child’s environment affects how a child grows and develops. He labeled different aspects or levels of the environment that influence children’s development, including the Microsystems, the mesosysytem, the exosystem, and the macrosystem. The microsystem is the small, immediate environment the child lives in. children’s Microsystems will include any immediate relationships or organizations they interact with, such as their immediate family or caregivers and their school or daycare.
How these groups or organizations interact with the child will have effect on how the child grows; the more encouraging and nurturing these relationships and places are, the better the child will be able to grow. Furthermore, how a child acts or reacts to those people in the microsystem will affect how they treat her in return. Each child’s special genetic and biologically influenced personality traits, what is known as temperament, end up affecting how others treat them. In this study, the researcher will determine if social networking site like facebook is related to peer relationship.
If there is indeed a positive correlation between social networking site and peer engagement, educators can facilitate positive peer relations in the classroom and, therefore, enhance the achievement of their students. By changing the school environment, educators will be able to influence students’ success. Relationships with peers seem to become more important as children reach puberty. Friends begin to replace parents as the most important source of guidance in child’s life. To provide direction and flow of the study, a conceptual framework will be presented. Figure 1 shows the relationship between facebook addiction and peer relationship.
The independent variable is facebook addiction with factors: self-promotion, promoting mass invasion of privacy, and time consumption, while their peer relationship is the dependent variable with factors: trivializing friendship and personal relationships, depersonalizing communication, and creating the illusion of contract. Independent Variable Dependent Variable Figure 1. Conceptual paradigm of the study Statement of the Problem The study attempts to find out the relationship between facebook addiction and peer relationship of selected students of Cor Jesu College, and Year School 2011-2012.
Specifically, the study seeks to find out the answer to the following questions: 1. What is the profile of the respondents in facebook addiction in terms of? 1. 1Self-Promotion 1. 2Promoting mass invasion of Privacy 1. 3Time Consumption 2. What is the profile of the respondents in peer relationship in terms of? 2. 1Trivializing friendship and personal relationship 2. 2Depersonalizing communication 2. 3Creating the illusion of contact 3. Is there any significance between facebook addiction and peer relationship?