The advancements of Greece, Rome and the Dark and Middle Ages set the foundation for modern European culture. Through literature, inventions, and the church Europe evolved into a distinct civilization. Greece influenced modern Europe with their advancements in literature and the written language. Also, the theories of Plato, Aristotle, Socrates began modern thought and theory. The Greeks, including Homer, were also thefirst to write down history. The Greeks also made advancements in science and math and also published encyclopedias. They then spread their influence and advancements as their boarders spread.
After the fall of Greece, Rome had its own influence on the future of Europe. Under the Roman Empire transportation as well as communication spread through the Mediterranean with the spread of Rome’s boarders Latin spread, as well, and would eventually become the Romance Languages. Christianity also emerged as a leading religion. Rome’s government was the beginning of modern government with laws and judges. The country also had a large army that could easily be dispatched to far off battles.
During the Middle Ages, in the East, the art, architecture, trade and crafts continued in a very-Roman tradition. In Arab culture made many advances in math and science and translated Roman scientific literature. In the West the Church, although unorganized and separated from the public, it maintained order and its monks were some of the few literate people during this time period.