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Women’s rights movement in the 1960s Essay

The definition of women’s interests in terms of individual rights is one that informs liberal feminism around the world and represents the mainstream of the U.S. women’s rights movements. Set onwards by white, propertied men to endorse their welfare, the rights dialogue was espoused by the women’s rights movement, over and above by the social rights movement, the lesbian and gay rights movement and most currently, the movement for disability rights.[1]In the mid 1900’s i.e. during the period of 1950’s and the 1960’s more and more married women joined the labor force, however the compensation that they were getting for the work they did was 63 percent of that which the men got in the year 1963. During the same year, The Feminine Mystique was published by Betty Friedan in which the author criticized this issue so that it could help these working women and their sense of discontent could be brought in front of the world. The author in the book basically argued the fact that the women are not just to get married and bear children and even they have a sense of feeling and must be given the freedom of speech and expression. Taking this viewpoint, the writer has written the book on the basis that the women should be allowed to take responsibilities and identify their own life, be it personal or professional instead of bowing their heads to the society that was basically dominated by the males.The movement of the women that took place in the 1960’s and the 1970’s was actually the basis of the civil rights movement and most of the participating members of this movement were the women who belonged to the middle class. However, the movement played a vital role and affected a lot of adolescents during the1960s. Sexual revolution took place in 1960’s as well and this led to the development of the contraceptive pills.[2]Another change was also the result o the reform legislation and the proposal of the modification of the gender discrimination that the conservatives wanted to defeat was debated on the 1964 Civil Rights bill.  First the alteration, then the bill was passed which provided women a legal device to safeguard their rights.From side to side the first wave of the women’s civil rights movement, which finished when women achieved the right to vote in 1920, during the next wave of the new women’s movement which started in the 1960s and the existing third wave, women’s movements in America have been connected to the efforts for civil rights for African Americans. The Act of 1964, Civil Rights Act barred sex bias which was mainly significant, on the contrary, white women’s rights protesters have occasionally used openly racist quarrels to support their grounds and botched to identify how their outset of women’s interests have been wrought by white, heterosexual privilege and middle-class. For instance, at the previous conference of the American Equal Rights Association, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton planned a resolution contrasting the fifteenth modification to the U.S. Constitution, which approved voting rights to Black men. This declaration and Stanton’s succeeding appeals to racialist oratory have been taken as “constructing a ladder of rights, with those of white women on peak”In order to bring improvement, measures were taken by the women themselves and in 1966, the National Organization for Women came into existence with the hard work of 28 women in which Betty Friedan was also included. This organization was basically formed to give the women the freedom participate in the American society, thousand more women joined the organization in the following year while four year later the number of member reached to 15,000. This showed that more and more women were getting aware of the opportunities they have in the world but are not being able to achieve them due to the domination of the males so for this all of them set to resolve the issue.[3]Equal Rights Amendment was approved by some activists, was passed by the Congress in 1972 and its motive was to remove gender discrimination for all people living in the US and few years later 35 States from 38 approved it as well. Moreover, equality was also promoted by the court and the women were given the rights for abortion in 1973. Most of the women leading the movement were white but they did follow the issue of racial discrimination and even the small groups were led to their own concerns either personal or political.Women’s movement was held in 1960’s – 1970’s and the National Organization for Women came into existence in 1966 and this was formed to give power to the women in all aspects of life but the mistrust between the state regarding the economic support created tension between the movement for the women’s liberation and the social movements due to which the women’s movement came to a standstill in 1970’s. The result of this of the eruption of divisions between moderate and radical females after which a campaign led by the conservatives was held against the Equal Rights Amendment that came to an end in 1982, however it did not recveice the approval of all 38 states.Amongst these were the wellbeing rights movement, shaped by poor women for enhanced public hold up for low-income family unit and the alliance of Labor Union Women, on behalf of women in work unions. Since women, Third World feminists and black feminists women of color in the US have urbanized independent movement associations as well as multicultural unions. State Black Women’s Political Leadership Caucus was recognized in 1971 and the Association of Pan Asian American Women in the year 1976. The native Women’s Network, the Core for Third World Organizing and the State Black Women’s Health Project symbolized U.S. women at the U.N. World seminar on Women in 1995.

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