Children struggling to learn how to read are a common sight nowadays in many schools throughout the country. Researchers have discovered a way how to successfully teach children to read, which focuses on phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and text comprehension.
Phonemic awareness is the capability to hear, classify and manage sounds of oral words. This is of great use in reading because it improves the way children read words and the way they comprehend the text. By segmenting words into phonemes, children with high phonemic awareness tend to spell words easier than those without phonemic awareness. A best practice for phonemic awareness would be Phoneme Segmentation, which is where children break a word into its separate sounds.
In order to facilitate the learning of the association between the letters and the sounds of spoken language, Phonics instruction is introduced. It makes the children understand how the way to properly pronounce words and the association of written words and spoken sounds. With the ability to read the words in a text accurately and quickly, children with systematic phonics instruction tend to have higher reading comprehension than those with non-systematic or no phonics instruction. A good approach for this instruction would be to use parts of familiar words to identify words that they don’t know that have similar parts, like an analogy.
Fluency is the aptitude of a student to read a passage perfectly and quickly. It helps students focus on understanding what they are reading. Monitored and repeated reading helps improve the comprehension of the student and the overall reading acquisition. A good way that a student can practice oral reading would be a Student-adult reading. This can be easily done at home with the parent of the student; the adult first reads the passage providing a illustrative of eloquent reading. Then the student rereads the passage with the adult’s guidance.
Vocabulary speaks about the words we should know in order to interact with other people verbally. In order to fully understand what they are reading, the readers must first know the meaning of unfamiliar words in the text. Children learn words meaning in their environment, through conversations among people, grown ups in particular. Words that they do not learn indirectly can be thought directly. It is helpful to know the meaning of unfamiliar words in a text before reading it. This will provide them with new words and will help them have a higher comprehension of the text.
We read in order to comprehend what is written in the text. Through the help of comprehension methods, a teacher can help students improve their text comprehension. Comprehension methods are set of steps that commendable readers use to understand a text. A good way to develop a good comprehension would be to ask the students to generate questions. This would make the students aware if they can answer and this could check if the students truly understand the text they are reading.
Implementation of these ways of teaching students as a standard of education would help children read throughout the country.