PROBLEMS IN SCHOOL ENCOUNTERED BY HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF CATANDUANES STATE UNIVERSITY LABORATORY HIGH SCHOOL SY: 2012-2013 A Research Paper Presented to the Faculty Members of the Catanduanes State University Laboratory Schools Virac, Catanduanes Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in RESEARCH II RUBY JOY P. BEO MARK KENNETH T. MIGUEL JHON CLIFFORD T. ONIONG March, 2013 Catanduanes State University College of education LABORATORY SCHOOLS Virac, Catanduanes CERTIFICATION
This Research Paper entitled “PROBLEMS IN SCHOOL ENCOUNTERED BY HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF CATANDUANES STATE UNIVERSITY LABORATORY SCHOOLS S.
Y. 2012-2013” prepared and submitted by Ruby Joy P. Beo, Mark Kenneth T. Miguel and Jhon Clifford T. Oniong, in partial fulfillment of the requirements in Research II, has been checked and is recommended for acceptance. ZYRA MAE S. TOMAGANERIC T. ALDEA Language Editor Statistician Accepted and Approved by: SOCORRO D. MASAGCA Research Professor IMELDA T. BERNAL Principal ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The researchers are truly indebted to the following for making their vision a reality. Prof. Imelda T. Bernal, Principal, Catanduanes State University Laboratory Schools, for her exemplary and motherly concern in tapping and developing potentials as indicators of progress in excellent working environment; Prof. Socorro D. Masagca, the researchers’ subject teacher, head teacher and guidance counselor of CSULS, for sharing her expertise and guidance for the completion of this work; To our teachers for their assistance, care, and love;
The student-respondents, of Catanduanes State University Laboratory High School, for their total cooperation which gave meaningful fruit to this study; The Researchers’ family, especially to their parents for their untiring support and understanding; Above all, the Almighty God, for making things easy during their times of irreconcilabilities.
THE AUTHORS DEDICATION First of all I would like to dedicate this thesis to our Almighty God. And of course to my parents who taught me that the best kind of knowledge to have is that which is learned for its own sake.
I also dedicate this hard work to my family who supported me financially. To my friends, the SNDB- Charl’z and Lhyr’z who are always there to support and care for me that taught me the real importance of having friends and for the unending bond we shared. “Friends 4ever X ?. ” To my Parekoy. To Rene, to my sister Blezza. To my co-researchers, Kenneth and Clifford. To my special someone who served as my inspiration in doing this thesis. To Ma’am Phine and Ma’am Socorro who guided and always reminded us to do our thesis. To IV- Einstein and IV-Galileo Batch 2012-2013. ~ Rhub’z DEDICATION
To God above, for His presence To my parents, for their love and support To my brothers and sister To all my friends and schoolmates for their companionship To the teachers for their guidance To IV- Einstein for the never ending happiness To my co-researchers Ruby and Clifford And to someone, who gave me inspiration This work I humbly dedicate. ~Ken DEDICATION I dedicate this work to the following: To my loving and very understanding mother, To my hardworking and kind father, To my ever supportive sisters Pamela and Nicole, To my Lolo, To my classmates and friends, To my co-researchers, Ruby and Kenneth,
To IV- Einstein and IV-Galileo Batch 2012-2013, and above all To ALMIGHTY GOD. ~ Cliff ABSTRACT BEO, RUBY JOY P. , MARK KENNETH T. MIGUEL AND JHON CLIFFORD T. ONIONG “PROBLEMS IN SCHOOL ENCOUNTERED BY HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF CATANDUANES STATE UNIVERSITY LABORATORY SCHOOLS S. Y. 2012-2013” The purpose of this study is to identify the different areas where students encounter difficulty. In addition, the degrees of seriousness of these problems were also determined. Specifically, the following questions were considered: 1. What is the profile of CSULHS students in terms of: a. ) Age b. ) Gender c. Educational attainment of parents d. ) Occupation of parents e. ) Monthly income of parents 2. What are the problems encountered by CSULHS students in the following areas: a. ) Personal Factor b. ) School Factor c. ) Peer relation Factor 3. What is the degree of difficulty in each problem identified? In what problem(s) do the respondents encountered very serious difficulty? Least difficulty? 4. Is there a significant difference between the degree of difficulty of the problems encountered by high school students in terms of personal factor, school factor, and peer relation factor?
The hypothesis of the study is there is no significant difference between the degree of difficulty of the problems encountered by high school students in terms of personal factor, school factor, and peer relation factor. The descriptive survey method of research was used in this study with the questionnaire as the main tool for gathering data. The following were the findings of the study: 1. Majority of the high school students belong to the age bracket 13-14 with a frequency of 38 or 48% 2. In gender 38 or 47. 5% of the respondents were male and 42 or 52. % of the respondents were female. 3. For the educational attainment of parents, the majority of their fathers were college graduates (65 fathers or 81%). In their mothers’ educational attainment, majority were college graduates (74 mothers or 93%). 4. In occupation of parents, the majority of the fathers of the students were self-employed (39 fathers or 49%). In the occupations of the mothers of the students majority of them were government employees (45 mothers or 56%). 5. In the monthly income, the majority had an income of P 26,000 and above. 6.
Out of the eight (7) listed possible student’s personal problems, the students rated four (4) as moderately serious while the other three (3) were rated less serious. “Family problems” is the statement out of 4 that was rated highest for “moderately serious” which got the highest mean. The statement “love life” is the only one among the other options rated as “less serious” that got the highest rate of 2. 288. 7. Based from the answers of the high school students, of thirteen (13) listed school problems, 11 were rated “moderately serious” while only 2 were rated “less serious”.
The statement “Too difficult projects” among the eleven (11) statements rated as “moderately serious” got the highest mean of 3. 45. The statement with the highest rating for “less serious” is “Poor method of teaching” with a mean of 2. 488. 8. In four (4) listed problems with their peers, the high school students rated two (2) statements as “moderately serious” while only one statement were rated “less serious”. The statement “Peer Pressure” got the highest mean for “moderately serious” which have 2. 65. The statement “Bullying” got a mean of 2. 463 for “less serious”. The following conclusions were derived from the findings: 1.
Majority of the high school students are females, within the age range of 13-14 years old, parents are college graduates for with which the fathers are self-employed and the mothers are government employees and with a monthly income of P 26,000 above. 2. The majority of the high school students agree that the problem which regards to the personal problem is family problem. 3. The problem with regards to the school factor, the majority of the high school students agree to too difficult projects. 4. The problem with regards to the peer factor, the majority of the high school students agree to the peer pressure.
From the findings and conclusions arrived at, the following recommendations are offered: 1. In personal problem, we recommend for the parents to help their child or children in solving their problems to lessen it and to help them in their studies. Be always open for them to understand their limitations. 2. In school problems, the teachers must give more effort to their work for the students get interested with their subject. Enforce latest learning and teaching guidelines to help improve the teachers teaching skills. It is also recommended for the teachers or the institution to offer more reference materials to help them in their studies.
Also, the teacher must lessen their strictness so that students will participate well in the class 3. In peer problems, we recommend them to have some self-esteem and make their own decisions. TABLE OF CONTENTS APPROVAL SHEET …………………………………………………… ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ………………………………………………iii DEDICATION ……………………………………………………………iv ABSTRACT …………………………………………………………….. vii TABLE OF CONTENTS ……………………………………………….. xi LIST OF TABLES ………………………………………………………xiii LIST OF FIGURES …………………………………………………….. xiv CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION Background of the Study ……………………………1 Statement of the Problem ………………………….. 2 Hypothesis ………………………………………….. Conceptual Framework and Research Paradigm ….. 4 2REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES Review of Related Literature ………………………. 7 Review of Related Studies …………………………. 9 3METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH Research Design ………………………………….. 12 Sources of Data ……………………………………13 Instrumentation ……………………………………13 Data-Gathering Procedure ………………………… 14 Statistical Technique Used ……………………….. 14 4PRESENTATION, INTERPRETATION, AND ANALYSIS OF DATA ………………………………….. 15 5SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS Conclusions ………………………………………. 29 Recommendations …………………………………30 BIBLIOGRAPGHY …………………………………………………….. 1 APENDICES ……………………………………………………………. 33 CURRICULUM VITAE ………………………………………………… 40 LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1Frequency, Percentage Distribution and Rank of Students Profile …. 17 2High School Students’ Personal Problems ………………………….. 19 3Summary of Test on the Personal Problems Encountered by High School Students of CSULHS ………………………………… 20 4High School Students’ School Problems………………………… 21 5Summary of Test on the School Problems Encountered by High School Students of CSULHS …….. ……….. ……………………….. 22 6High School Students’ Peer Problems ……………………………… 23 7Summary of Test on the Peer Problems Encountered by High
School Students of CSULHS……………………………………………………… 24 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1Conceptual Paradigm ……………………………………… ……….. 4 CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING Background of the Study A student is a learner or someone who attends an educational institution. In some nations, the English term is reserved for those who attend university while a school child under the age of eighteen is called a pupil in English. In its widest use, student is used for anyone who is learning. Since time is immemorial and across many different cultures, students have been regarded as the hope of the fatherland.
They say that they are the one who will save the future of the next generations. Without students, a school will not be a school and a teacher will not be a teacher. In other words students are the one who makes the life of the teachers and creates and completes the school. As a part of the school, students have their own goal to achieve success in life. If there are no students, many of us now have no employment, no modernization and no higher purpose in life. In other words, planet Earth would not be as much productive and as developed as it is today without students. Students play a very important role in building the future of our nation.
The researchers believe that they should be given the right education as well as importance by our government and society. Observations however, showed that despite the years that these students focused on their studies and many other activities, problems of different kinds and different level of seriousness still arise. It is on this situation that the researcher was intended to conduct an investigation to identify the problems encountered by the high school students of the CSU Laboratory High School and to determine the level or degree of seriousness of these problems.
Statement of the Problem The purpose of this study is to identify the different areas where students encounter difficulty. In addition, the degrees of seriousness of these problems were also determined. Specifically, the following questions were considered: 1. What is the profile of CSULHS students in terms of: a. ) Age b. ) Gender c. ) Educational attainment of parents d. ) Occupation of parents e. ) Monthly income of parents 2. What are the problems encountered by CSULHS students in the following areas: a. ) Personal Factor b. ) School Factor c. Peer relation Factor 3. What is the degree of difficulty in each problem identified? In what problem(s) do the respondents encountered very serious difficulty? Least difficulty? 4. Is there a significant difference between the degree of difficulty of the problems encountered by high school students in terms of personal factor, school factor, and peer relation factor? Hypothesis There is no significant difference between the degree of difficulty of the problems encountered by high school students in terms of personal factor, school factor, and peer relation factor.
Conceptual Framework The research paradigm in Figure 1 shows the major variables of this study that will bring out positive and negative impact on different persons involved. Likewise, it will directly affect the quality of education the school is presently experiencing. The two major variables are the independent variables that includes the respondent’s distribution in terms of age, gender, educational attainment of parents, occupation of parents and monthly family income and the dependent variable which includes the degree of difficulty of the problems encountered by the respondents.
Independent Variable Dependent Variable FIGURE 1 Conceptual Paradigm Significance of the Study Identifying the problems encountered by the students opens suggestions of the parents as well as the teachers on how to solve these. Student’s problem should be minimized if possible so that they can focus on their studies well and affect the school by gaining good reputation. Results of this study would be beneficial to the following: The Teachers- Findings enable them to identify the problems of the students and as a result, students can adjust and cope to their studies.
The students can focus on their studies and can study well without serious problems. The Parents- Results make them understand the environment of their children as students and assist them in their studies and in solving the problems they encounter. The Students, themselves- If they are helped out with these problems, it is very possible that they can maintain their wholesome life, their physical, social and intellectual self. Scope and Limitation This study is focused on the identification of the problems encountered by high school students in CSULHS S. Y. 2012-2013.
This covers the period school year 2012-2013. This study involves selected students of CSU Laboratory High School, School Year 2012-2013. It focuses mainly on the problems encountered by students. It comprises 25% (80 students) of the whole population (331 students). 40 of it were boys while 40 are girls. Definition of Key Terms: To make every detail clear, the following terms were operationally defined to be use in the study. Areas of Difficulty- The activities related to class manipulating where problems are encountered. CSU- The school where the study was conducted.
Degree of Difficulty- Level of seriousness of the problems met indicated on five point scale: Five- very serious, Four-serious, Three- moderately serious, Two- less serious and One- not a problem. Peer Relation Factor- The factor which concerns the problems about peer relation. Personal Factor- The factor which concerns the problems about yourself. Respondents- students who will supply answer in the instrument used. School Factor – The factors which concerns the problems about school and academic tasks. Students- are generally 12-16 years old undergoing secondary education; the subject in the research.
Student-Teacher Relationship- The academic relation between teachers and their students. CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND RELATED STUDIES This portion cites considerable number of studies and research works of different aspects related to problems encountered by high school students. The presentation is under two main topics: Related Literature and Related Studies. Related Literature Suvajit, 2009 said that for a school student, life is loaded with studies. It is not possible for each one of them to cope up with their studies.
They often get nervous, frustrated and end up mugging their lessons which is very harmful. Teacher’s reaction shouldn’t vary from student to student; it should be equal to every student. Discrimination is very fatal for students. Shahin, 2007 concluded that students all over the world face a number of problems. This is very much true in the case of India, especially in native state BIHAR. The students’ community is affected by lots of problems. Lack of quality education, the threat of unemployment, absence of adequate opportunities, nepotism and a host of many such factors dishearten the students.
The system of education in India is acting as a constraint. Lack of proper guidance by the parents and unawareness of the students in choosing the right career lead to their fate. Though a number of universities and colleges are imparting education to the students, the standard of education has plunged. Reservations and recommendations withhold the candidature of several competent persons. It has done harm more good. Those students who strictly adhere to the grind of school and later college, emerge as graduates. But they find themselves unsuccessful in securing jobs.
Due to the growing population, they find that every job has several contenders. They find themselves to be a part of the already saturated market of job-seekers. They frantically strive hard to find a job but realize that, money and favoritism fetch jobs; certificates don’t as the educational is bookish, once out of college they find themselves helpless because they lack practical knowledge. They crave for name, fame and affluence in a short span of life. But when expectations are not fulfilled and gross realities of life stare upon them they end up dejected and frustrated.
After going through the formalities of school and college, they feel that they have been unsuccessful in achieving what they intended. It leads to sheer desperations among the student community giving rise to student unrest. Human resource development route should be taken seriously and invest in it liberally, reservation may not be needed. Because the quota system has injected a lethal poison in our society and filled hatred in the minds of people, particularly the youth. Nastiti, 2009 revealed that teaching English for young learners essentially confronts several problems over those pointed above.
However, three aspects of which are stated, are essential to find the solution earlier. This is since these problems frequently happen in society. By reviewing the problems happen in teaching English for young learners which are the quality of the teacher, the habit of the students, and the participation of parents. Regarding the essential of learning English for young learners, all of the parties should oblige to solve these problems. It can start from the students themselves to the major parties of the country to make them care about the importance of learning English for young learners.
Related Studies According to Sorra (2001) in his study, Problems Encountered by Students of Catanduanes State Colleges Laboratory High School Staying with their Relatives determined the problems encountered by students of CSCLHS staying with their relatives. Relative to the problems of this study, the hypothesis formulated was that the main problems encountered by the students staying with their relatives’ residence are social, emotional, financial, academic and personal problems. The problems are caused merely by students itself, by the relatives or the parent.
The relatives should be responsible in helping the students to overcome their problems. To solve this problem, the researcher said that proper communication skill and discipline is the main key to this problem. These problems may have a great effect on the students’ part. It may affect his habits behavior and his total self. Balimbing and Ibones (2011) in their study about “Problems Encountered by Junior and Senior High School Students in their Research Subject” determined the problems encountered by students of Catanduanes State University Laboratory High School in their research subject.
Relative to the problems of this study the hypothesis formulated was there are no problems encountered by Junior and Senior High School students in their research subject. Since, there were no problems encountered it is recommended to just retain the way the teachers approach their students. Based on the answers of the respondents in the study, the recommendation for the students is to try to be interested in their research subject and to add more time in the subject.
The similarities of this present study above are with the kind of method used, data gathering tool and both of it aims to know answers from problems encountered by high school students. On the other hand, a study about the Struggles of High School Students to Find School-Related Information on the web was conducted by Shenton (2008) According to his study, seventy-seven online questionnaires were completed by students between 31 October and 27 November 2006, when analysis of the data began. Of the 77 respondents, only 35 provided data on problems encountered when seeking information for their assignments.
Most of the respondents in this group were in years nine, ten and eleven (ages 13-16), with only two in year 12 (16-17) and four in year 13 (17-18). Over half (19/35) of respondents were female. Forty remaining respondents either stated that they experienced no problems in finding the information they needed for school or did not answer the relevant question on the questionnaire. Two participants indicated that they did not have the information they needed to complete their schoolwork because they did not look for it.
Over 20 distinct information-seeking problems were identified through inductive analysis of the qualitative data provided by 35 participants. Difficulties encountered in the search for information largely fell into four major categories: problems determining an appropriate search strategy, barriers posed by limited school resources or Internet filtering software; “process frustrations” (280) stemming from the perceived inadequacies of search engines, poorly designed web sites, and missing or broken web links; and, “shortcomings in the retrieved information” (281) in terms of relevance and accuracy.
In addition, a small number of students either indicated that they had difficulty applying the information they found to the problem that prompted the search, or were concerned about copyright restrictions on how they could use the information. All but two of the problems reported by the students related to information-seeking on the web. The web was the most popular source of information for students, with 71 out of 77 respondents listing it as one of the sources or the only source they consulted in school.
The similarities of the study above with the study at hand is that both of it aims to know answers from problems encountered by high school students. CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH This chapter presents the research design, source of data, sampling or procedure, instrumentation and validation and data-gathering procedure employed in this study. Research Design The descriptive method or research with survey technique was used in this study. Description method is a fact-finding of the study with adequate and accurate interpretation of the findings.
It describes what actually exists such as current conditions, practices, situation or any phenomenon. Since, the present study was concerned with the present condition of the problems encountered by high school students. The descriptive method was the most appropriate method to be used. The descriptive method was also used because it deals not only with gathering and tabulation of information but also for evaluation and analyzing the significance of data in the level or degree of difficulty in each problem of high school students of Catanduanes State University Laboratory Schools.
Sources of Data The data gathered by means of a questionnaire and was done to gather data and information. To determine the Respondents profile, a checklist table was made by the researchers to determine their age, gender, educational attainments of their parents, and the occupation of the parents. The questionnaire used in determining the problems encountered by the students and its degree was also made by the researchers. The checklist was prepared by the researchers and copies of the questionnaire were distributed to selected high school students and then retrieve to the researchers.
The questionnaire contains the common problems encountered by the students. The questionnaire was divided into two parts: Part I cover the students profile that contains the age, gender, educational attainment and occupation of their parents. Part II covers the questionnaire proper which comprises the problems and its degree of difficulty. Instrumentation The test was distributed among selected high school students. Before the administer of the test, a letter was sent to the principal of the school and the adviser of the high school students requesting permission to distribute the research questionnaire to respondent-student.
The degree of difficulty of the problems encountered by the students was counted. In order of the questionnaire to be accurate and reliable the researcher conducted a validation in school such as Cabugao Integrated School with 45 respondents. Data Gathering Procedure A questionnaire was used to collect data. It was distributed to the 80 high school students of the Catanduanes State University Laboratory School. After the data were accomplished by the respondents the researcher personally collected the questionnaires given to the respondents. Data were analyzed and interpreted to come up with more specific results and findings.
The nature of the study required the use of descriptive method. Statistical Techniques Used To transform the data into meaningful information, data were analyzed and interprets using frequency, percentage and rating scale. Simple frequency count was used to determine the number of respondents within a category. This is also used to tally the data received from the respondents. Weighted Arithmetic Mean was used to determine the types of reading material read and frequency of reading the materials. Chi-square was used to determine the relationship of the variables under study.
CHAPTER 4 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA This chapter presents the data gathered on the “Problems in School Encountered by High School Students of Catanduanes State University Laboratory High School, S. Y. 2012-2013” 1. Profile of the High School Students The first specific question posed in this study is: What are the profile of CSULHS students in terms of age and gender. Questions regarding their parents were also asked like educational attainment of parents, occupation of parents and monthly income of parents. The respondents were grouped under five categories.
To answer this question, the respondents were asked to give information regarding their personal profile. The data gathered are presented in Table 1. a. Age. Out of 80 high school students, 4 or 5% belonged to the age group 11-12. The age bracket 13-14 had 38 or 48% respondents. Fifteen to sixteen age brackets had 31 or 39% while 17-18 age brackets had 7 or 8% of respondents. This implies that majority of the high school students belong to the age bracket 13-14. b. Gender. Under this item, 38 or 47. 5% of the respondents were male and 42 or 52. 5% of the respondents were female.
This implies that there are more females then males. c. Educational Attainment of Parents. Here, their fathers’ educational attainment was classified as follows: 8 or 10% were college undergraduates; 2 or 3% were elementary undergraduates; 65 or 81% were college graduates; and 5 or 6% were high school graduates. This implies that the majority of the fathers were college graduates. In their mothers’ educational attainment, 3or 4% were college undergraduate, 1 or 1% was high school undergraduate, and another 1 or 1% was elementary undergraduate. Seventy-four or 93% were college graduates and 1 or 1% was high school graduate.
This implies that the majority of the mothers were college graduate. d. Occupation of Parents. In this portion, the occupations of the fathers of the students were classified as follows: 4 or 5% were unemployed; 39 or 49% were self-employed; 30 or 38% were government employees; and 4 or 5% were classified as others. This implies that the majority of their fathers were self-employed. The occupations of the mothers of the students were also classified as follows: 9 or 11% were unemployed; 22 or 28% were self-employed; 45 or 56% were government employees; and 4 or 5% were classified as others.
This implies that the majority of their mothers were government employees. e. Monthly Income of Parents. In the monthly income, 4 or 5% had an income below P 5,000; 18 or 23% of them has P 6,000-P 15,000; 21 or 26% has P16,000-P 25,000 as an income; and 37 or 46% had an income of P 26,000 and above. This implies that majority of the parents of the students had an income P26,000 and above. TABLE 1 Frequency, Percentage Distribution and Rank of Students’ Profile ProfileFrequencyPercentageRank Age 11-12450%1 13-14 3848%2 15-163139%3 17-1877%4 Total80100% Gender Male3847. 5%2 Female4252. 5%1 Total80100%
Educational attainment Father College undergraduate810%2 High school undergraduate00% Elementary undergraduate23%4 College graduate6581%1 High school graduate11%3 Elementary graduate00% Total80100% Mother College undergraduate34%2 High school undergraduate11%4 Elementary undergraduate11%4 College graduate7493%1 High school graduate11%4 Elementary graduate00% Total80100% Occupation of parents Father Unemployed45%4 Self-employed3949%1 Government employee3038%2 Others78%3 Total80100% Mother Unemployed911%3 Self-employed2228%2 Government employee4556%1 Others45%4 Total80100% Monthly income of parents
Below P 5,00045%4 P 6,000-P 15,0001823%3 P 16,000-P 25,0002126%2 P 26,000 above3746%1 Total80100% 2. Problems Encountered by CSULHS Students and its Degree of Difficulty The second study concerned the personal factors, school factors and peer relation factors. This was ranked according to 5-very serious, 4- serious, 3-moderately serious, 2-less serious and 1-not a problem. The answers to this question were gathered from the results of the data from the retrieved questionnaires. They are pr