Bolivia, or formally known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is one of the least developed countries in Latin America. It’s Spanish motto is ¡La unión es la fuerza!, or “Unity is strength!” in English. It is a landlocked country by Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Chile, and Peru. If you combined Texas and California, or 3 Montana’s, it would equal about the size of Bolivia. The Andes Mountains form into a plateau known as the Altipano on the western side of the country.
This plateau contains almost 50% of the population, in Oruro, La Paz, and Potosi, and is a little over 2 miles above sea level. The constitutional capital is Sucre, even though La Paz is considered capital. La Paz is the highest administrative capital city in the world at almost 12,000 feet. The rest of the country contains mostly grasslands and rainforests. Elevation in Bolivia ranges from sea level to over 17,000 feet in the Andes area.In Bolivia, you drive your car on the right side.
That’s pretty neat.There are nine departments of the Republican country, Bolivia. They are: La Paz, Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, Potosi, Oruro, Tarija, Beni and finally, Pando. The nine departments have been split up into 94 provinces and sub provinces. The population of these nine departments has more than doubled in the past years. The 2001 Census states that the population of Bolivia was just a little over 8 million.Roman Catholicism holds the top spot for religion in Bolivia at just little over 80%, followed by Evangelic at 10% and no religion at 3%.
A variety of races range from Quechua, Mestizo, Aymara, and White. The main languages spoken in Bolivia are Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara. Aymara is mainly spoken around Lake Titicaca near the Altipano plateau. Spanish and Quechua are spoken in the Andes area. There are also about 30 indigenous languages of Bolivia.Bolivia was once a part of the Incan Empire.Bolivia declared independence on August 6, 1825, but it didn’t come easy. Their war for independence began in 1809 after the La Paz revolution, which was a war to overthrow Spanish authorities and declare sovereignty. This war for independence took place in Upper Peru, which is now modern day Bolivia. The Buenos Aires sent military into Upper Peru, but unfortunately the Royalists took them out. This caused a guerrilla war, called the War of the Republiquestas, which stopped the Royalists from strengthening their army. Antonia Jose de Sucre and Simon Bolivar defeated the royalists at the north of South America, and Sucre led the armies that eventually defeat the royalists all together. Sucre is also known as the Grand Marshall of Ayacucho, and the second president of Bolivia. Simon Bolivar was the first president of Venezuela.Bolivia has surprisingly only been a part of approximately five large wars. This includes their war of independence, the War of the Confederation, the War of the Pacific, Acre War, and finally the Chaco War.