Genetics November 28, 2010. Genetically Modified Humans In the article “The New Eugenics: The Case Against Genetically Modified Humans,” the author discusses what human germline engineering could bring if it is allowed to be continued and why there need to be laws put in place to regulate it. The author makes several main points throughout the article. The author states that if human germline engineering is continued the future of our society may be filled with prejudice among the classes due to humans being genetically altered for their certain class.
This will allow for parents to pick the characteristics of their children which will develop a different outlook on life than now. This may also lead to the loss of support for people with a disability. The author also states that human germline engineering is still supported because many individuals believe that it can lead to the development of new medical treatments. The author also discusses the laws that many countries have passed, banning human cloning. They have developed a line between human germline engineering and genetic studies.
The United States does not have a law against human germline engineering or banning human cloning but federal money can’t be used for either. The author explains that the only way for human germline engineering to be regulated or banned is through strong political pressure and social movements. It is easier to prevent genetically modifying humans than to stop it later. While the author had several main points throughout the article, some assumptions were made. The author based many of their ideas from the book, Remaking Eden: Cloning and Beyond in a Brave New World.
The author assumed that generically modifying the characteristics and abilities of children will create such a difference in classes that they will eventually be enforced. The author also assumes that altering children will create a horrible image of human life. Parents will be trying to create the best child that will fit the criteria set for political and economical positions. The author provided evidence to back up their main points. Germline engineering and how it is used on lab animals was discussed.
Hundreds of tries are needed to produce a normal animal. The author stated that clinical trials have been occurring since the 1990’s and they have been trying to modify human organs without a large amount of success since. Many human subjects have to deal with the effects from these trials. Much was not known about these trials until an eighteen year old was killed and it became publicly known. The author also states laws that are in place in other countries banning human germline engineering and separating germline engineering and genetic studies.
The author tried to prove their point by using a large amount of theories from the book Remaking Eden: Cloning and Beyond in a Brave New World. The author stated many main points based on statements from this book. The author did use some good evidence. The author helped the article by talking about the trials done on lab animals and the human trials that have been occurring since the 1990’s. The author did not provide a strong argument because the author did not provide enough reliable facts to back up their theories. The author used statements from the book, Remaking Eden: Cloning and Beyond in a Brave New World, as facts.
More reliable facts were needed to convince a reader that human germline engineering needs to be governed. These are all reasons that I disagree with the author on this topic. While I feel human cloning is not needed, modifications to patients’ organs could save lives. For people with a defected organ, a modification could allow them a chance to live a normal life. While these modifications are not working and leave the human subject with sever effects, advancements are made daily.
Work Cited Darnovsky, Marcy. “The New Eugenics: The Case Against Genetically Modified Humans” Print.