The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. Example: Carrie’s cat clawed her couch, creating chaos. Assonance: In poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in non rhyming stressed syllables. Example: I must confess that in my quest I felt depressed and restless. Anecdote: An account regarded as unreliable or hearsay. Example: High school students go around the classroom telling their favourite memories from elementary school.
Simile: A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind. Example: I am as strong as a lion. Personification: The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality, Example: The wind howled its mighty objection. Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. Example: He is the apple of my eye – There is, of course, no real apple in a person’s eye.
The “apple” is someone beloved and held dear. Jargon: Special words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group and are difficult for others to understand. Example: Gigabyte Euphemism: A mild or indirect word or expression for one too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing. Example: Letting someone go instead of firing someone. Cliche: Platitude: a trite or obvious remark. Example: Time will tell: This means that something will be revealed or become clear over time. Hyperbole: Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
Example: It was so cold, I saw polar bears wearing jackets. Pun: A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings. Example: People are choosing cremation over traditional burial. It shows that they are thinking out of the box. Idiom: A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words. Example: High as a kite – means you are drunk or on drugs Satire: The use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly, etc.
Example: A student in a performance night performs a rendition of a popular rap song that replaces the original lyrics with their own lyrics that comment satirically on the popular singer’s performance at the MTV Awards. Register: is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting. Example: Low register: I ain’t done nuttin’. High register: I hope we meet again. Style: The way in which something is spoken, written, or performed. Example: wazzup instead of using what’s up
Allusion: An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference. Example: “I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio’s. ” This refers to the story of Pinocchio, where his nose grew whenever he told a lie. Analogy: A comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification. Example: There are plenty of fish in the sea. Unless you really are a fish, this encourages you to move on and find another potential mate. Tone: The overall quality of a musical or vocal sound
Example: “the piano tone is lacking in warmth”. Emotive language: phrasing which creates a strong emotional response in the reader. Example: Player lashes out on referee (player hits referee Generalisation: an idea or conclusion having general application; Example: Cats are nicer than dogs. Irony: The expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Example: A man who is a traffic cop gets his license suspended for unpaid parking tickets. Oxymoron: A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory erms appear in conjunction Example: Military intelligence Rhetorical Question: a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered. Example: Eulogy: A speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly, typically someone who has just died. Example: For those of you who do not know me, my name is Marty and I am one of Kevin’s best friends. It is with great sadness that I stand in front of you today to celebrate the life of my friend. Kevin’s life was taken away from us too soon and it is hard to understand why tragic things like this happen to such good people.
However, this is a question without an answer and we should not dwell on the loss of our dear friend, husband, son and brother. Today let’s celebrate his life and remember all of the remarkable things Kevin accomplished and how wonderful his life was. Paradox: seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true. Example: Wise fool Symbol: A thing that represents or stands for something else, esp. a material object representing something abstract. Example: Heart symbolises love
Context: The circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea, and in terms of which it can be fully understood and assessed. Example: The book puts these events in their proper historical and social contexts. Purpose: In composition, a person’s reason for writing, such as to inform, entertain, explain, or persuade. Example: This paper will describe four common causes of co-worker conflict in organizations and explain how to use a five-step procedure to constructively manage this conflict. Contention (POV): an act or instance of contending Example: He is in contention for the Olympic medal.